外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 基础英语 > 英语语法 正文
  • 站内搜索:

英语讲义【63】英语成语、短语、惯用语不合习惯的用法

2007-07-04 16:27陈清霖

  英语成语、短语、惯用语很多。有时,它们的构造看起来不合逻辑,甚至不合常理,但又不能随意更改。例如,我们用双脚步行,应该是“on feet”,但偏偏是“on foot”才对。一般上说,成语、短语或惯用语中的字眼不可用别的字取代,词序也不可调换,因为一字之差,词序一换,原意可能走样,甚至毫无意思。

  在下列各组句子中,(a)错、(b)对:

  ①a. What is the reason of all this shunning away from blue-collar work?
   b. What is the reason of all this shying away from blue-collar work?

  ②a. I am working on the behalf of my company.
   b. I am working on behalf of my company.

  ③a. We need a capable person to help us in time of difficulties.
   b. We need a capable person to help us in times of difficultes.

  ④a. In term of economic development, our country has done a good job.
   b. In terms of economic development, our country has done a good job.

  ⑤a. Few would like to make friend with hypocrites.
   b. Few would like to make friends with hypocrites.

  ⑥a. Let's discuss this matter in details.
   b. Let's discuss this matter in detail.

  ⑦a. That rich woman is covered with jewellery from top to toes.
   b. That rich woman is covered with jewellery from top to toe.

  ⑧a. For the better or worse, we must try to get along with our colleagues.
   b. For better or worse, we must try to get along with our colleagues.

  ⑨a. The Public Relations Officer did not speak much. What is worst, she hated to mingle with people.
   b. The Public Relations Officer did not speak much. What is worse, she hated to mingle with people.

  ⑩a. All must come to the meeting without failure.
   b. All must come to the meeting without fail.

  11a. Most of the students learn historical facts by hard.
   b. Most of the students learn historical facts by heart.

  12a. A holiday abroad will take your mind of the work tension for a while.
   b. A holiday abroad will take your mind off the work tension for a while.

  13a. It is out of question for you to go tonight; you haven't finished your assignment yet.
   b. It is out of the question for you to go tonight; you haven't finished your assignment yet.

  14a. Students should spend their time studying instead of involving in destructive activities.
   b. Students should spend their time studying instead of involving themselves in/ getting involved in destructive activities.

相关热词:英语 讲义
栏目相关课程表
科目名称 主讲老师 课时 免费试听 优惠价 购买课程
英语零起点 郭俊霞 30课时 试听 150元/门 购买
综艺乐园 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
边玩边学 ------ 10课时 试听 60元/门 购买
情景喜剧 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
欢乐课堂 ------ 35课时 试听 150元/门 购买
趣味英语速成 钟 平 18课时 试听 179元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语预备级 (Pre-Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语一级 (Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语二级 (Movers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语三级 (Flyers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
初级英语口语 ------ 55课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
中级英语口语 ------ 83课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
高级英语口语 ------ 122课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
基础英语辅导课程
郭俊霞 北京语言大学毕业,国内某知名中学英语教研组长,教学标兵……详情>>
郭俊霞:零基础英语网上辅导名师
钟平 北大才俊,英语辅导专家,累计从事英语教学八年,机械化翻译公式发明人……详情>>
钟平:趣味英语速成网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371