外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 基础英语 > 英语语法 正文
  • 站内搜索:

英语讲义【81】可分开的片语动词

2007-07-05 09:09陈清霖

  在《片语动词》一文里,提到片语动词可带宾语,但也有些不带宾语,可带宾语的两个动词可分开,不带宾语的不可分开;不带宾语的意思转变时,便可能带宾语,如:

  ① The weather turned out(证明是) fine.(不带宾语)
  ② That factory turns out(制造) high-precision instruments.(带宾语)

  有宾语的片语动词等于及物动词(transitive verbs),没宾语的就是不及物动词(intransitive verbs)。

  接下来,要多举些可分开的片语动词,让大家参考,希望看后遵循着同样的路向,尽量补充这类惯用语,以丰富常用词汇,加强讲写能力。

  back up:支持
  “I often back up my friends when they do something good.”

  count in:包括在内
  “We will go shopping this Saturday. Shall we count you in? ”

  count out:不包括;不考虑
  “If the oversea tour costs too much, you had better count are me out ; I can't afford it.”

  ferret out:搜出
  “Two detectives went to the suspect's house to ferret out whatever is useful for their investigation.”

  stamp out:扑灭
  “The government should do everything possible to stamp out social ills.”

  pick up:学习
  “It is not difficult to pick up a language if it is useful. ”

  put off:延期
  “Because of bad weather, the foofball match was put off until further notice.”

  take over:接受
  “Who will take over the family business at the death of the father?”

  tide over:渡过(难关)
  “We will lend you some money to tide you over this period of difficulty.”

  bear out:证明
  “Who can bear you out if you accuse him of swindling?”

  beef up:加强;充实
  “Some countries in this region intend to beef up their military power.”

  blow out:夸大
  “For publicity's sake, some small events have been blown up in the press.”

  bottle up:压抑情绪
  “Let's know your bad feelings; don't bottle them up!”

  break off :中断
  “The two countries have broken off their peace negotiations which are not expected to be resumed in near future.”

  bring about:带来;产生
  “Nancy's recklessness has brought about her failure. She has only herself to blame.”

  call off:取消
  “No one can call off a prearranged meeting at will.”

  draw up:草拟;制订
  “Make sure that the agreement you have drawn up is clear and accurate.”

  let down:令人失望
  “You must try your best to help David . Don't let him down. ”

  rope in:拉人参加
  “Paul has roped his wife in to organise the seminar.”

   shake off:避开
  “It seems difficult for Peggie to shake off some minor ailments.”

  从上面例子可以得到这两个公式:

  A. 动词+副词性虚词+名词宾语
  B. 动词+名词宾语+副词性虚词

  代词宾语

  例:

  A. Please take + off + your hat.
  B. Please take + your hat + off/ Please take + it + off

相关热词:英语 讲义
栏目相关课程表
科目名称 主讲老师 课时 免费试听 优惠价 购买课程
英语零起点 郭俊霞 30课时 试听 150元/门 购买
综艺乐园 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
边玩边学 ------ 10课时 试听 60元/门 购买
情景喜剧 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
欢乐课堂 ------ 35课时 试听 150元/门 购买
趣味英语速成 钟 平 18课时 试听 179元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语预备级 (Pre-Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语一级 (Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语二级 (Movers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语三级 (Flyers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
初级英语口语 ------ 55课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
中级英语口语 ------ 83课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
高级英语口语 ------ 122课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
基础英语辅导课程
郭俊霞 北京语言大学毕业,国内某知名中学英语教研组长,教学标兵……详情>>
郭俊霞:零基础英语网上辅导名师
钟平 北大才俊,英语辅导专家,累计从事英语教学八年,机械化翻译公式发明人……详情>>
钟平:趣味英语速成网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371