外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 基础英语 > 英语语法 正文
  • 站内搜索:

英语讲义【152】怎样使句子多样化?

2007-07-05 15:28陈清霖

  一篇好文章的条件很多。除了内容丰富和组织紧密之外,词汇的运用和句子的处理,也起着决定性作用。

  句子可长可短,同一件事,可以用不同的句式表达。如果句子清一色是简单句,文章必定很单调乏味。如果全篇充满了冗长的复杂句,读起来也很费力。最好的方法是以简单句为基础,配合适当的并列句和复杂句。简单句可长可短,通常要加些附属成分,如分词短语、介词短语、副词短语、不定式动词短语,以及节缩成分。

  总之,作者可根据情况,使句子多样化,使文章灵活多姿。例如下列五个句子的基本概念一样,但是句式不同,内容重点也有些差别:

  (1) The goats grazed peacefully in the farm and were unaware of the approaching hunter. (并列分句(1)+2)
  (2) Grazing peacefully, the goats in the farm were unaware of the approaching hunter. (现在分语短语+简单句)
  (3) In the farm, the goats grazed peacefully and were unaware of the approaching hunter. (副词短语+并列分句(1)-(2) )
  (4) There were goats grazing peacefully in the farm, unaware of the approaching hunter. (简单句+形容语短语)
  (5) As the goats grazed peacefully in the farm, they were unaware of the approaching hunter. (原因副词从句+主句)

  (1)和(5)的句式最常见;如果加上其他三种互相交替,句子不是更多样化吗?

  最后,看看这两个句子要如何多样化呢?

  (6) The young pilot was on his first overseas training.
  (7) He felt very uneasy.

  (a) The young pilot on his first overseas training felt very uneasy.
  (b) The young pilot felt very uneasy during his first overseas training.
  (c) The young pilot's first overseas training made him feel very uneasy.
  (d) Extreme uneasiness seized the young pilot on his first overseas training.
  (e) The young pilot was on his first overseas training, feeling very uneasy.
  (f) It being his first overseas training, the young pilot felt very uneasy.
  (g) Being on his first overseas training, the young pilot felt very uneasy.
  (h) The young pilot was on his first overseas training and felt very uneasy.
  (i) The young pilot, who was on his first overseas training, felt very uneasy.
  (j) When the young pilot was on his/first overseas trainging, he felt very uneasy.
  (k) As the young pilot was on his first overseas training, he felt very uneasy.
  (l) The young pilot was on his first overseas training, so that he felt very uneasy.

  在上述12个句子中,(a)-(g)是简单句;(h)是并列句;(i)-(l)是复杂句。简单句除(b)和(g)之外,其他五样,用的人并不多。人们最喜欢采用复杂句,尤其是(j)和(k)这两款;接着便是并列句(h)。如果大多数人的句子只限于(b),(g), (h), (j)和(k)这五种,而其他的则弃如敝屣,不是很可惜吗?

相关热词:英语 讲义
栏目相关课程表
科目名称 主讲老师 课时 免费试听 优惠价 购买课程
英语零起点 郭俊霞 30课时 试听 150元/门 购买
综艺乐园 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
边玩边学 ------ 10课时 试听 60元/门 购买
情景喜剧 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
欢乐课堂 ------ 35课时 试听 150元/门 购买
趣味英语速成 钟 平 18课时 试听 179元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语预备级 (Pre-Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语一级 (Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语二级 (Movers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语三级 (Flyers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
初级英语口语 ------ 55课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
中级英语口语 ------ 83课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
高级英语口语 ------ 122课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
基础英语辅导课程
郭俊霞 北京语言大学毕业,国内某知名中学英语教研组长,教学标兵……详情>>
郭俊霞:零基础英语网上辅导名师
钟平 北大才俊,英语辅导专家,累计从事英语教学八年,机械化翻译公式发明人……详情>>
钟平:趣味英语速成网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371