外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 基础英语 > 英语语法 正文
  • 站内搜索:

英语讲义【145】句子的转换

2007-07-05 15:13陈清霖

  所谓句子转换,就是将一种句式变成另外一种句式,或者用不同的方法表达相同的语意,使句型多样化,借以提升写作的效果。例如形容词和副词可以有不同程度的比较而仍然保持原意。

  下面的第一句是原级,可以变成第二句:比较级:

  (1) Nancy is not so great as lrene.
  (2) Irene is greater than Nancy.

  同样的,主动语态可以变成被动语态而原意犹存。例如(3)是主动语态,(4)是被动语态,两句语意不变,只是重点改变。

  (3) Mr Lin gave the good student a prize.
  (4) The good student was given a prize by Mr Lin.

  还有,一种词类也可以变成另一种词类并保留原意。例如:

  (5) a. The customer examined the jewels very carefully.
     b. The customer examined the jewels with great care.

  (6) a. She tried to sing her song in an interesting way.
     b. She tried to sing her song interestingly.

  此外,一种句子也可变成另一种句子:

  1. 简单句变成并列句
  (Simple Sentence → Compound Sentence)

  (1) I must work very hard to achieve something. → I must work very hard and then achieve something.
  (2) In spite of illness, Jason came to office as usual. → Jason was ill but he came to office as usual.

  2. 简单句变成复杂句
  (Simple Sentence → Complex Sentence).

  (3) The accused man confessed his guilt. → The accused man confessed that he was guilty.
  (4) Walking along the road, Tony ran into an old friend. → While Tony was walking along the road, he ran into an old friend.
  (5) Do you know the gentleman with a long hair? → Do you know the gentleman who has a long hair?
  (6) In case of an emergency, ring the bell on the door. → If there is an emergency, ring the bell on the door.

  3. 复杂句变成简单句
  (Complex Sentence → Simple Sentence)

  (7) We visited a hut where a hermit lived. → We visited a hermit's hut.
  (8) Jim was so surprised that he could not utter a word. → Jim was too sunprised to utter a word.

  4.并列句变成复杂句
  (Compound Sentence → Complex Sentence)

  (9) The dogs were wounded but they went on fighting. → Although the dogs were wounded, they went on fighting.
  (10) The couple went to Johor Baru and the maid looked after their residence. → When the couple went to Johor Baru, the maid looked after their residence.

  从观察发现,不是人人都擅于运用各种句式自由自在的表达思想。读了这篇短文之后,大家可以反思一下,看看在句法上有什么可以改进之处。

相关热词:英语 讲义
栏目相关课程表
科目名称 主讲老师 课时 免费试听 优惠价 购买课程
英语零起点 郭俊霞 30课时 试听 150元/门 购买
综艺乐园 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
边玩边学 ------ 10课时 试听 60元/门 购买
情景喜剧 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
欢乐课堂 ------ 35课时 试听 150元/门 购买
趣味英语速成 钟 平 18课时 试听 179元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语预备级 (Pre-Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语一级 (Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语二级 (Movers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语三级 (Flyers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
初级英语口语 ------ 55课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
中级英语口语 ------ 83课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
高级英语口语 ------ 122课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
基础英语辅导课程
郭俊霞 北京语言大学毕业,国内某知名中学英语教研组长,教学标兵……详情>>
郭俊霞:零基础英语网上辅导名师
钟平 北大才俊,英语辅导专家,累计从事英语教学八年,机械化翻译公式发明人……详情>>
钟平:趣味英语速成网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371