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英语讲义【140】由“at”引导的介词短语

2007-07-05 15:04陈清霖

  在英语里,介词短语(prepositional phrases)数量之多,可以和片语动词(phrasal verbs)互相比拟,不与它们亲近也难。

  下面是些由“at”引导的介词短语,你都见过吗?

  1. At bay:(经常和keep或hold连用)使……不能接近
  One of the gangsters kept the police at bay until the rest escaped.

  2. At bottom:实际上
  Judy said she was not jealous of her friends' success, but at bottom, she was.

  3. At close quarters:逼近地
  The two rivals grappled at close quarters.

  4. At cross purposes:互相误解
  I think we are at cross purposes. When I said "J.C.", I meant "Jason Chen", not "John Chen".

  5. At daggers drawn:势不两立
  Dan and Bob have been at daggers drawn for years. There is no evidence that they will make up.

  6. At every turn:处处
  When you go downtown, you will see shops, big and small, at every turn.

  7. At one fell swoop:一举
  Which country can invade another country and conquer it at one fell swoop?

  8. At issue:在讨论中的
  The question asked was not relevant to the matter at issue .

  9. At large:一般的;逍遥法外的。
  a. The people at large support the government's various policies.
  b. Some illegal immigrants were caught, but some others are still at large.

  10. At length:详细地
  Time did not allow the speaker to talk about the financial turmoil at length.

  11. At loggerheads with……:经常和……争吵
  Mr and Mrs Thang are often at loggerheads with each other. Why can't they get along well?

  12. At a loss for words:不知说什么好
  The news came so surprisingly that she was at a loss for words.

  13. At a low ebb:处于低潮
  Henry's mood seems to be at a low ebb now; let's cheer him up a bit.

  14. At a price:付高代价
  Some people became successful at a price; their health and family life were adversely affected.

  15. At random:随意地
  One may choose things at random, but not the prospective life partner.

  16. At the ready:处在准备状态中
  At the news conference, news reporters gathered around, pens and notebooks at the ready.

  17. At sea:茫然
  Those not interested in politics will be at sea when people discuss political issues.

  18. At a stretch:连续地
  In order to earn money, some workers do overtime works for a few days at a stretch.

  19. At will:任意地
  In a society like ours, one has to be law-abiding and not to do things at will.

  20. At one's wits end:不知所措
  Chased by the enemy to an abyss, the man could not advance any more, nor could he retreat; he was at his wits end.

  21. At heart:在内心里;本质上
  a. A good leader often has the people's interests at heart.
  b. Though Xiao Gan works in a city, he is a country boy at heart.

  22. At sixes and sevens:乱七八糟
  When the maid returned to work after three days' leave, she found all the rooms at sixes and sevens.

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