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英语讲义【124】一个动词,多个句型

2007-07-05 14:23陈清霖

  英语动词句型多复杂,但又不可以避之则吉。反之,要学好英语的话,就非克服英语句型不可。

  同一个动词句型可以衍生无数个句子。同样的,有些动词,可以有超过一个句型。“Help, find, see”这三个很面熟的动词,就是好例子。

  I: HELP

  ⒈主语+help+不定式动词/短语,如: ① Who/ helped/ to mop the floor ? ② Customers' constructive criticisms/ may help/ to improve the service of shopkeepers.

  ⒉主语+help+不带“to”不定式动词/短语,如: ③ Helen/ helped/ mop the floor. ④ Managerial Officers' encouragement/ will help/ lift the morale of the staff.

  ⒊主语+help+宾语+不定式动词/短语如: ⑤ A kind man/ helped/ the woman/ to change her car tyre. ⑥ You/ must help/ your mother/ to do some household chores.

  ⒋主语+help+宾语+不带“to”不定式动词/短语,如: ⑦ Who/ can help/ me/ carry this parcel? ⑧ The government's off-budget measures/ will help/ businessmen/ tide over the period of financial difficulties.

  ⒌主语+cannot help+动名词/短语,如: ⑨ The heart-broken woman/ cannot help/ crying in front of the sympathizers. ⑩ Mr Brown/ cannot help/ scolding his disobedient son.

  ⒍主语+cannot help+不带“to”不定式动词/短语,如: The frustrated man/ cannot help but/ leave the place. The teacher/ couldn't help but/ fail the weakest students.

  II: FIND

  ⒎主语+find+宾语+现在分词/短语,如: The search party/ found/ the adventurers/ going astray in the jungle. The police/ found/ two groups of gangsters/ getting ready for a big fight.

  ⒏主语+find+宾语+过去分词/短语,如: A police dog/ found/ the smuggled drugs/ hidden in a hole near the wall. When Irene arrived home, she/ found/ the front door/ broken open.

  ⒐主语+find+宾语+名词分句,如: Scientists/ found/ that the earth is round. Many people/ found/ that Chinese is a difficult language.

  ⒑主语+find+宾语+不定式动词/短语,如: Who/ finds/ English/ to be harder than Chinese? I/ do not find/ Richard/ to be difficult of access.

  ⒒主语+find+宾语+形容词/短语,如: We all/ find/ Betty/ friendly. I/ don't find/ Jason/ difficult to get along.

  III: SEE

  ⒓主语+see+宾语+不带“to”不定式动词/短语,如: I/ saw/ him/ go out just now. We/ have seen/ her/ scold her students in class.

  ⒔主语+see+宾语+现在分词/短语,如: Who/ saw/ the petty thief/ running away? We/ will see/ our team/ winning the match again.

  ⒕主语+see+宾语+过去分词/短语,如: Some by-standers/ saw/ a woman/ robbed of her hand-bag. The people/ saw/ their/ house/ burnt to ashes.

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