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英语讲义【165】有长有短的惯用语

2007-07-05 16:08陈清霖

  英语有些惯用语中含“长”或“短”这两个形容词,可以分别来学来记。

  (1) At long last:最后;终于
  Jimmy has been expecting a letter from his parents. At long last, it came.

  (2) Go a long way towards……:对……很有帮助
  The extra income will go a long way towards paying the housing loan for him.

  (3) In the long run:终于
  As long as a person works hard; he will succeed in the long run.

  (4) Too long drawn out:太冗长缓慢
  “What did you think of the professor's talk?” “Not bad, but too long drawn out.”

  (5) The long and the short of it:概括起来
  Mr Hancock has given some reasons against employing Betty, but the long and short of it is that he does not like to work with such a young lady.

  (6) Before long:不久以后
  Jason's new book will come out before long.

  (7) A short cut:捷径
  Don't go along the main road. There is a short cut to your destination.

  (8) At short notice:临时通知
  No one can expect others to do a good job at short notice.

  (9) Short with……:对……暴躁无礼
  (i) Sorry for being short with you on the phone this morning.
  (ii) Have l done anything wrong? Why are you short with me?

  (10) Short of……:缺乏,除了……之外
  (i) Is our country short of manpower?
  (ii) Don't provoke the rascal who will do anything short of murder.

  (11) Cut……short:中止……
  As something urgent cropped up, they had to cut the meeting short.

  (12) Fall short of one's expectations:令人失望
  The short-listed candidates were good but their experience fall short of our expectations.

  (13) For short:缩写体
  He is William, but we can call him Bill for short.

  (14) Have a short temper:脾气暴躁
  I have a short temper, especially when speaking to someone devoid of common sense.

  (15) In short:简言之
  The hotel accommodation was good, the food was wonderful, and the staff were friendly. In short, we had a good time.

  (16) In short supply:供应不足
  Dedicated office staff seem to be in short supply nowadays. Very few have worked until they retire.

  (17) Nothing short of……:简直就是……
  What you have just said is nothing short of a threat.

  (18) Make short work of……:迅速处理……
  Since these letters of inquiry have to go out by tomorrow, we will have to make short work of them.

  (19) Give short shrift of……:对……漠不关心
  Tony looked disappointed when the commitee gave short shrift of his proposal.

  (20) Pull…… up short:使……中止正在做的事
  The sight of the intruder pulled all the shop assistants up short.

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