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英语讲义【89】由Take引导的片语动词

2007-07-05 09:19陈清霖

  上一期举了20个由“get”引导的片语动词。这期要举些由“take”开头的实用词,数目较少,但也足够大家采用。一般上,以“take”引导的片语动词多数是多义的。比如“take in”一词,就有四个意思如下:

  ① 理解:“For a reader with only a basic knowledge of English, he will find the book Good English Made Simple difficult to take in.”

  ② 缩小:“My dress is a bit loose. Could you take it in a bit for me?”

  ③ 包括:“The total cost of the trip is $300,taking everthing in.”

  ④ 被骗(常以被动语态出现):“As that salesman looked respectable, Susan was completely taken in.”

  ⑤ take up:开始学习
  “The university wants its undergraduates to take up a regional language, if time permits.”

  ⑥ take after:外貌相像
  “Though not exactly alike, Cathy takes after her mother in many ways.”

  ⑦ take on:承担(工作等);聘请
  “If you take on too much work at a time, you won't be able to do it efficiently. / Fast-food restaurants take on more assistants during school holidays.”

  ⑧ take back:收回
  “When Ahmad discovered his mistake, he took back all he had previously said.”

  ⑨ take to:喜欢
  “The moment the maid came to the house, the children seemed to take to her.

  ⑩ take up:占据;讨论;开始学习(见⑤)
  “May I have a word with you? I won't take up too much of your time./ Financing the project is an issue the committee ought to take up when it meets again.”

  ● take off:扣除;(飞机)离地
  “If you purchase more than $50, the shopkeeper will take off 5% from the bill./ The plane took off at the stipulated time.”

  ● take down:写下;拆散
  “The students took down the main points of the lecture./ The mechanic took the engine down for servicing.”

  ● take out:邀请……出外;订购
  “Do you often take your parents out at weekends?/ I have taken out an annual subscription for Reader's Digest.”

  ● take out on:对……发泄自己的情绪
  “I know you are angry with your office staff, but you should not take your anger out on your family members.”

  ● take……upon……:以后再询问或接受
  “Today's meeting is over. If you have any more questions, please take me upon them next time./ I can't come out with you tonight, but I will take you upon your offer of a meal another time.”

  ● take away from:减损
  “Sam's failure to win the prize this time does not take away from his chance of winning one in future.”

  ● Take……with……:向某人提出某事
  “You can take the matter up with your Member of Parliament.”

  ● take out……against……:发出传票
  “The traffic police have taken out a summons against the driver involved in the accident.”

  ● taken up with……:时间和精神多用在……
  “Some kind-hearted people are very taken up with voluntary work.”

  ● taken with……:对……感兴趣;被……吸引住
  “Many youngsters are much taken with the singer, Jack./ James is rather taken with Jason's idea.”

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