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英语讲义【122】以动名词为宾语的动词句型

2007-07-05 14:22陈清霖

  英语的动词句型甚多,其中以动名词为宾语的那个,用起来特别有味道,不能不加以掌握。

  所谓动词句型,顾名思义,就是以动词为主体的句子形式。这个以动名词为宾语的动词句型是哪些呢?在这个句型出现的动词又是哪些呢?

  这个动词句型里的动词主要是下面这些:

  enjoy, finish, avoid, admit, forget, mind, miss, contemplate, like, dislike, love, regret, start, bear, commence, endure, hate, continue, prefer, begin等。

  这个动词句型的格式是这样的:

  “主语+动词+动名词/动名词短语”。例如:

  1. We all enjoy watching TV.

  2. Anne finished doing her work by 5pm.

  3. Some lazy boys avoid doing their homework properly.

  4. Tom did not admit offending his friend.

  5. Christine has forgotten posting the letter.

  6. Would you mind doing me a favour?

  7. Lily has never missed attending the class.

  8. I often contemplate helping people, where possible.

  9. Young people like listeing to pop songs.

  10. I hate telling lies.

  11. Despite our recent success, we must continue working hard.

  12. Noelle prefers swimming to jogging.

  13. Do you bear being cruel to animals?

  14. Can you commence working immediately after lunch?

  15. Many people cannot endure being disturbed.

  16. Hawkers begin working early in the morning.

  在这些动词里,有些可以出现在另一个重要动词句型里:

  “主语+动词+不定式动词/不定式动词短语”。例如

  17. Jean likes singing./ Jean likes to sing.

  18. I hate cheating./ I hate to cheat.

  19. Jason began teaching early./ Jason began to teach early.

  20. One must continue surging ahead./ One must continue to surge ahead.

  21. Some people prefer walking to office. / Some people prefer to walk to office.

  有少数几个动词,如“bear, need, want”也和动名词连用,但这里的动名词含被动意,和被动的不定式动词(the passive infinitive)同义。例如:

  22. David's 10-year-old car wants repairing./ David's 10-year-old car wants to be repaired.

  23. Most of the essays need correcting or polishing./ Most of the essays need to be corrected or polished.

  24. Jason's idea is so convincing that it bears repeating./ Jason's idea is so convincing that it bears to be repeated.

  总而言之,以动名词为宾语的动词句型颇有韵味,可以多用。唯一要留意的是,认定主体动词,以免错误的形式出现,如房地产代表下面这段通告中的“to sell”,便犯了动词形式之错,应改为“selling”:

  “If you are contemplating to sell your property, please do not hesitate to call us.”

  不然,把宾语改一改也行:

  “If you are contemplating the sale of your property, please do not hesitate to call us.”

  如果能把主句的措词润饰一下,会更好:

  “If you are contemplating selling your property, please feel free to contact us.”

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