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英语讲义【131】由“形容词或分词+名词”组成的名词惯用语

2007-07-05 14:43陈清霖

  谈过了《名词惯用语》,这里要继续谈这种惯用语,不过这里谈的不是由名词直接构成,而是由“形容词或分词+名词”组成的。这种形式的惯用语数目相当多,可以尽量吸收,使词汇多采多姿。

  ① The acid test:严峻的考验
  The car company praises its latest model. However, the acid test will come when its new cars enter the market.

  ② An armchair critic/expert:空谈的评论员/专家
  Some people like to tell others how to do this and how to do that, but they can't set a good example. Such a person is tantamount to an armchair expert.

  ③ A back-seat driver:不在其位而爱插手管事的人
  “No back-seat driver, please,”Jim said to Tom.“I know how to do my work.”

  ④ One's besetting sin:容易重犯的恶习
  Harry is quite a likeable person, but his besetting sin is haughtiness.

  ⑤ A blind alley:死胡同
  More and more people think that manual work is a blind alley, as such work will be computerised soon.

  ⑥ A/ One's blind spot:盲点
  Computers seem to be a blind spot with many old people./ If you can't see a car from your car mirror, that car is in your blind spot.

  ⑦ A burning question:重要的问题
  Of course, we can invite the boss, but the burning question is: will he agree to come?/ Mass unemployment is a burning question of some Asian countries now.

  ⑧ A carbon copy of someone or something:极相像的人或事
  Yesterday's bank break-in was a carbon copy of last month's pawnshop robbery.

  ⑨ A clean bill of health:身体健康/物件良好的证明书
  Michael started work as soon as the doctor gave him a clean bill of health./ After thorough inspection, the inspector gave the factory a clean bill of health.

  ⑩ A clean slate/sheet:清白的记录
  David was given a long-service award for having a clean slate in his 20 years of employment.

  (11) A closed book:完全不能理解的科目或事物
  I am afraid nuclear physics is a closed book to me.

  (12) Cold comfort:不起作用的安慰
  When a worker was laid off, it was cold comfort telling him that he might get a better job soon.

  (13) The common touch:能令一般人感动的本领
  As Jason is a man having the common touch, he is often made to speak to the workers on behalf of the management.

  (14) Creature comforts:物质方面的享受
  While on holiday, one is expected to have creature comforts and even some luxurious things.

  (15) A whole new ball game:完全不同的情况
  Jason used to be a university lecturer with flexible teaching hours, so a nine-to-five office work now is a whole new ball game to him.

  (16) A close call/ shave:避过惊险事
  The motor cyclist came speeding and almost hit a pedestrian. That was a close call indeed !

  (17) The bright lights:(常指大都市里的)即有趣又紧张的活动
  When they first went to big cities, they longed for the bright lights not found in small towns.

  (18) A double bind:(常和“in” 或“put…… in”连用)两面不讨好的处境
  The appointment of the director with special duties put the deputy director in a double bind: to listen to the “actual director” or the “special director”?

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