外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 基础英语 > 英语语法 正文
  • 站内搜索:

英语讲义【90】副词分句的节缩

2007-07-05 09:22陈清霖

  上一期谈过了名词分句和形容词分句的节缩句,现在继续谈副词分句的节缩法。

  根据语意,副词分句可分为时间、地点、条件、让步、目的、结果和方式等。这些副词分句多数可以节缩为副词性短语。现在简述如下:

  ⒈由连词“when, while, once, before, after, as soon as” 等引导的时间副词分句的节缩,如:

  ●a. When you are in trouble, consult Jason.
   b. When in trouble, consult Jason.

  ●a. While Tony was at school, he was a student leader.
   b. While at school, Tony was a student leader.

  ●a. Once John was home, he took a rest.
   b. Once home, John took a rest.

  ●a. I often close the windows before I go out.
   b. I often close the windows before going out.

  ●a. After I had finished my work, I went home.
   b. After having finished my work, I went home.

  ●a. Come back as soon as it is possible.
   b. Come back as soon as possible.

  ⒉由连词“wherever”引导的地点副词分句的节缩,如:

  ●a. Wherever it is possible, such facts should be reported.
   b. Wherever possible, such facts should be reported.

  ⒊由连词“if, unless”引导的条件副词分句的节缩,如;

  ●a. I will help you if it is possible
   b. I will help you if possible.

  ●a. Unless he meets with an accident, he has never come home late.
   b. Unless meeting with an accident, he has never come home late.

  ⒋由连词“although, though, even if”等引导的让步副词分句的节缩,如:

  ●a. Although Janet knows Chinese, she seldom uses it.
   b. Although knowing Chinese, Janet seldom uses it.

  ●a. Though the man is over seventy, he can still run fast.
   b. Though over seventy, the man can still run fast.

  ●a. Even if he is invited, he won't go.
   b. Even if invited, he won't go.

  ⒌由连词“so that, in order that”引导的目的副词分句的节缩,如:

  ●a. We arrive early so that we can get good seats.
   b. We arrive early so as to get good seats.

  ●a. She plants flowers in order that she can beautify the garden.
   b. She plants flowers in order to beautify the garden.

  ⒍由连词“so……that”引导的结果副词分句的节缩,如:

  ●a. Tom was so tired that he couldn't work anymore.
   b. Tom was too tired to work anymore.

  ●a. Jane is so strong that she can lift the box herself.
   b. Jane is strong enough to lift the box herself.

  ⒎由连词“as if, as though”引导的方式副词分句的节缩,如:

  ●a. She moved her lips as if she was going to say something.
   b. She moved her lips as if to say something.

  ●a. Bob raised his hand as though he would ask something.
   b. Bob raised his hand as though to ask something.

相关热词:英语 讲义
栏目相关课程表
科目名称 主讲老师 课时 免费试听 优惠价 购买课程
英语零起点 郭俊霞 30课时 试听 150元/门 购买
综艺乐园 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
边玩边学 ------ 10课时 试听 60元/门 购买
情景喜剧 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
欢乐课堂 ------ 35课时 试听 150元/门 购买
趣味英语速成 钟 平 18课时 试听 179元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语预备级 (Pre-Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语一级 (Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语二级 (Movers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语三级 (Flyers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
初级英语口语 ------ 55课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
中级英语口语 ------ 83课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
高级英语口语 ------ 122课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
基础英语辅导课程
郭俊霞 北京语言大学毕业,国内某知名中学英语教研组长,教学标兵……详情>>
郭俊霞:零基础英语网上辅导名师
钟平 北大才俊,英语辅导专家,累计从事英语教学八年,机械化翻译公式发明人……详情>>
钟平:趣味英语速成网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371