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英语讲义【98】以IT为宾语的句型

2007-07-05 09:41陈清霖

  上一期谈到IT可以取代不定式动词短语和动名词短语而成为句子的主语。神通广大的IT也可以代替它们成为句子中的宾语。所谓宾语(the object),就是出现在及物动词后头的名词,代词或名词性的语文成分。

  作为宾语的IT,通常和下列动词连用:

  consider, think, make, find, believe, count, declare, deem, fancy, feel, guess, imagine, judge, prove, see, show, suppose, understand, take等。例如: 
  ● We consider it our duty to support good leaders.
  ● I think it best to get along well with others.
  ● The new method makes it possible to complete the task faster.
  ● Tom found it very embarrassing to be reminded of the long-standing debt.
  ● Susan deemed it advisable to keep the matter secret.
  ● We all feel it nice to be able to visit that distinguished university.
  ● Who can prove it wrong to have a "make-money-quick" mentality?

  这些IT句型的不定式动词短语前头,也可套上“for”的片语,如: 
  ● Many Chinese here find it necessary for them to have a better command of Chinese.
  ● They thought it desirable for English to be accurately used.
  ● Such a plan makes it possible for older workers to be re-trained as useful staff.

  当上述句子以被动语态出现时,更非借重IT的句型不可,如: 
  ● It can be made possible for the lost time to be recovered.
  ● It is considered disgraceful for a distinguished guest not to stay in a high-class hotel.

  最后,IT也必须在这些惯用语中出现:  
  Take……in turns; leave……to; owe……to; take……upon oneself to,如:
  ● Can you do all together? I think you have to take it in turns.
  ● I will leave it to you to assign the duties to the staff.
  ● Paul owed it to Susan to explain the matter.
  ● How can John take it upon himself to do all the chores?

  除了不定式动词短语之外,IT也可以代替动名词与动名词短语成为句子的宾语。例如: 
  ● I do not consider it worthwhile spending too much time on telephone conversation.
  ● She found it troublesome having to go through all the red tape.
  ● Peggie deemed it tedious writing two or three drafts for an English composition.
  ● We suppose it pointless talking to a boss blind to his own faults.
  ● Do you think it useful changing for the sake of changing?

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