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新闻英语精解【87】苏丹爆发蝗灾 交配时放出刺激气体引发呼吸疾病

2007-08-02 14:58世博英语

Respiratory Illness Kills 11 in Sudan
呼吸系统疾病导致苏丹11人死亡

  Sat Nov 1,11:17 PM ET

  KHARTOUM, Sudan - At least 11 people in central Sudan have died and more than 16,000 have been hospitalized with a respiratory illness links to an annual locust invasion, the country's official news agency said Saturday. The peak was reported a week ago when some 500 cases were admitted to a hospital in Medani, Sudan's second-largest city, 112 miles south of Khartoum.
  喀土穆,苏丹-苏丹官方媒体上周六日称,一种与每年一度的蝗灾有关的流行性呼吸系统疾病目前已经导致苏丹中部地区11人死亡,16000多人住院治疗。据报道,一周前这种疾病的爆发达到高峰,当时苏丹第二大城市迈达尼约有五百人住院治疗。

  ★respiratory:Of, relating to, used in, or affecting respiration. 呼吸的。respiratory organs,呼吸器官。
  ★Locust:蝗虫、蚱蜢,在美语里还有蝉的意思,它也可以用来指破坏者或贪吃的人。locust bean,「植」角豆;locust tree,「植」刺槐。

  An agricultural official in the Medani area said the illness is linked to a hormone — released by the dark-red locusts during mating season — which "has a strong effect on people with asthma." A spokesman for the World Health Organization Dick Thompson, told The Associated Press that infectious disease experts at the Geneva-based U.N. health agency were unaware of the outbreak, but said the occurrence of such a "toxic event" could not be ruled out.
  世界卫生组织发言人迪克汤普森对联合通讯社表示,世界卫生组织对此次疾病爆发并不知情,并表示不能排除这种恶性传染病爆发的可能性。迈达尼地区的一位农业官员表示,这种疾病与一种暗红色蝗虫在交配季节释放的荷尔蒙有关。这种荷尔蒙对有哮喘病的人影响极大。

  ★hormone :Any of various similar substances found in plants and insects that regulate development. 激素,一种存在于植物或昆虫中的具有调节生长之功能的物质。
  ★Asthma:A chronic respiratory disease, often arising from allergies, that is characterized by sudden recurring attacks of labored breathing, chest constriction, and coughing. 气喘(病),一种长期的呼吸系统疾病,通常由过敏症引起,特征是呼吸剧烈,胸部收缩,及咳嗽等的突然复发。
  ★toxic ,Capable of causing injury or death, especially by chemical means,poisonous.能够造成伤害或死亡的,尤指通过化学方法、有毒的。a toxic drug ,毒药。food preservatives that are toxic in concentrated amounts,浓缩后有毒的食物防腐剂;a dump for toxic industrial wastes.有毒工业废料的临时堆积所。
  ★rule out,排除在外。

  The committee has provided medication, oxygen and equipment for patients. The area has been sprayed with insecticide since last week and the numbers of deaths and infections have dropped, the statement said.
  报道还说,委员会已为病人提供了药品、氧气设备。从上周开始,当地开始喷洒杀虫剂,目前病死率和感染率都已下降。

  ★insecticid,A chemical substance used to kill insects. 杀虫剂用于杀虫的一种化学物品。

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