外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 英语影音 > 双语快讯 正文
  • 站内搜索:

08搞笑诺贝尔奖新鲜出炉

2008-10-07 09:40

 
  可口可乐有避孕作用?听上去美妙的食物尝起来也更好吃?脱衣舞娘在生育高峰期赚的钱也更多?全身披满鳞甲的小动物犰狳也能“改变”人类历史的进程?这些听起来稀奇古怪的发现都是今年“搞笑诺贝尔奖Ig Nobel Prizes”的大赢家。“搞笑诺贝尔奖”始于1991年,最初在麻省理工大学颁布,后来典礼转移到哈佛大学。每年搞笑诺贝尔奖在经济、医药、文化到和平等十个方面评选出十个获奖者。赢得搞笑诺贝尔奖的标准是:“Ig Nobel Prizes 给予那些不能或者不应当重复的成就。”。
 .

  “搞笑诺贝尔奖”简介>>

  Deborah Anderson had heard the urban legends about the contraceptive effectiveness of Coca-Cola products for years. So she and her colleagues decided to put the soft drink to the test. In the lab, that is.

  For discovering that, yes indeed, Coke was a spermicide, Anderson and her team are among this year's winners of the Ig Nobel prize, the annual award given by the Annals of Improbable Research magazine to oddball but often surprisingly practical scientific achievements.

  The ceremony at Harvard University, in which actual Nobel laureates bestow the awards, also honored a British psychologist who found foods that sound better taste better; a group of researchers who discovered exotic dancers make more money when they are at peak fertility; and a pair of Brazilian archaeologists who determined armadillos can change the course of history.

  Anderson, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Boston University's School of Medicine, and her colleagues found that not only was Coca-Cola a spermicide, but that Diet Coke for some reason worked best. Their study appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine in 1985.

  "We're thrilled to win an Ig Nobel, because the study was somewhat of a parody in the first place," Anderson said, adding she does not recommend using Coke for birth control purposes.

  A group of Taiwanese doctors were honored for a similar study that found Coca-Cola and other soft drinks were not effective contraceptives. Anderson said the studies used different methodology.

  A Coca-Cola spokeswoman refused comment on the Ig Nobel awards.

点击放大  Duke University behavioral economist Dan Ariely won an Ig Nobel for his study that found more expensive fake medicines work better than cheaper fake medicines.

  "When you expect something to happen, your brain makes it happen," Ariely said.

  Ariely spent three years in a hospital after suffering third-degree burns over 70 percent of his body. He noticed some burn patients who woke in the night in extreme pain often went right back to sleep after being given a shot. A nurse confided to him the injections were often just saline solution.

  He says his work has implications for the way drugs are marketed. People often think generic medicine is inferior. But gussy it up a bit, change the name, make it appear more expensive, and maybe it will work better, he said.

  Charles Spence's award-winning work also has to do with the way the mind functions. Spence, a professor of experimental psychology at Oxford University in England, found that potato chips — "crisps" to the British — that sound crunchier taste better.

  His findings have already been put to work at the world-famous Fat Duck Restaurant in England, where diners who purchase one seafood dish also get an iPod that plays ocean sounds as they eat.

  Geoffrey Miller's work could affect the earning potential of exotic dancers everywhere.

  Miller, an associate professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico, and his colleagues knew of prior studies that found women are more attractive to men when at peak fertility. So they took the work one step further — by studying earnings of exotic dancers.

  In the 18 subjects Miller studied, average earnings were $250 for a five-hour shift. That jumped to $350 to $400 per five-hour shift when the women were their most fertile, he said.

  "I have heard, anecdotally, that some lap dancers have scheduled shifts based on this research," he said.

  Armadillos helped win an Ig Nobel for Astolfo Gomes de Mello Araujo, a professor of archaeology at the Universidade De Sao Paulo in Brazil, and a colleague earned.

  Pesky armadillos, they found, can move artifacts in archaeological dig sites up, down and even laterally by several meters as they dig. Armadillos are burrowing mammals and prolific diggers. Their abodes can range from emergency burrows 20 inches deep, to more permanent homes reaching 20 feet deep, with networks of tunnels and multiple entrances, according to the Humane Society of the United States' Web site.

  Araujo was thrilled to win. "There is no Nobel Prize for archaeology, so an Ig Nobel is a good thing," he said in an e-mail.

新浪论坛

  编辑本段搞笑诺贝尔奖(the Ig Nobel Prizes)

  搞笑诺贝尔奖(the Ig Nobel Prizes)是对诺贝尔奖的有趣模仿。其名称来自Ignoble(不名誉的)和Nobel Prize(诺贝尔奖)的结合。主办方为科学幽默杂志(Annals of Improbable Research,AIR),评委中有些是真正的诺贝尔奖得主。其目的是选出那些“乍看之下令人发笑,之後发人深省”的研究。颁奖仪式每年十月,在诺贝尔奖颁奖前一至两周举行,地点为哈佛大学的桑德斯剧场(Sanders Theater)。 
  “搞笑”版诺贝尔奖由美国人马克·亚伯拉罕创办,此人创办了一份名为《不可能的研究纪录》的科学幽默杂志。从1991年开始,每年颁奖一次。 
  入选“搞笑”版诺贝尔奖的科学成果必须不同寻常,能激发人们对科学、医学和技术的兴趣。与其他学术奖不同,另类诺贝尔奖得主不会拿到任何奖金,得不到各方赞誉,更不可能使科学出现革命性进步,但是所有获奖的研究都曾在著名学术杂志上发表。 
  按照传统,观众会在颁奖典礼上向讲台抛纸飞机。11年来,典礼结束后现场都由哈佛大学的物理学家罗伊·格劳伯负责打扫。尽管格劳伯2005年获得真正的诺贝尔物理学奖,可今年他仍然坚守职责。 
  为了与正式的诺贝尔奖“分庭抗礼”,“搞笑”版颁奖常在前者之前一周举行。获奖者自费到场领奖,奖品是由廉价材料制成的手工艺品,4个星期内就会“土崩瓦解”,但颁奖者却是货真价实的往届诺贝尔奖获奖者。(摘自百度百科)

相关热词:news english
考试英语系列辅导课程
赵文通资深学位英语辅导专家,深谙命题方向及重点、难点……详情>>
赵文通:学位英语考试辅导名师
冉老师北京大学博士,知名高校教师,雅思权威辅导专家……详情>>
冉老师:雅思考试辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@cdeledu.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371