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如何应对升迁面试

2008-05-29 10:38

  When you are looking to make the Big Leap—the one that puts you closer to the power centers of a business or organization—the interview process will likely be different from what you've experienced before. The more senior the person or people you're interviewing with, the more definite their ideas are likely to be about what they're looking for. They know that their own continued success depends on hiring the best people.

  当你打算在事业上来次大的飞跃,一个让你更接近企业或组织的权力核心的飞跃,这时的面试和过去找工作时的可就不一样了。面试你的人资历越深,就越明确地知道自己在寻找什么样的人。他们知道自己不断的成功依赖于雇佣最合适的人。

  So how do you prove your readiness for the big leagues? By thinking like a big-league player. This interview will be different from others, but it will be your best chance to impress the decision makers, so there are some key points you want to be certain you get across. Here are tips to help you succeed:

  那么,你如何证明自己已经准备好进入高层了呢?你得像高层人士一样去思考问题。虽然这类面试和其它的不一样,但却是你给决策人留下最好印象的良机,所以有些事情是你一定要知道的:

  Show You Get the "Big Picture"

  表现出你了解大局

  Any number of interview candidates may possess specific subject-knowledge valuable to a business. But the candidate who goes beyond mere information and displays an ability to use it well is more likely to get the job. Senior executives and managers generally want people who pay attention to and understand the broader view.

  任何参加面试的人员都可能掌握某方面的知识,对企业有价值。但是那位不仅掌握信息而且能有效利用的人更有可能获得这个职位。资深执行官和经理们通常更想任用那些关注和了解大局的候选人。

  Tip: Demonstrate you recognize patterns and understand their importance; that you know how to use and synthesize information.

  提示:表现出你认识到了大局、了解其重要性;你知道如何使用和综合信息。

  Find Out What Keeps the Boss Up at Night

  为老板考虑

  Do your homework so you understand not only the job or promotion for which you are applying, but also the job of the senior executive above it. Do you know to whom this person reports, and what the top issues are for your boss's boss?

  提前做好功课,不但要了解你申请的工作或要求晋升的职位,还要了解主管这个职位的资深经理的工作。你知道他/她向谁负责吗?对你老板的老板来说,最重要的是什么?

  Tip: Make that knowledge part of your interview conversation. Show an interest not only in the specifics of the job, but in the product and markets for that company. Ask broad questions: "What do you think the potential growth in the Indian market is?"

  提示:在面试中展现你对这些职位和工作的了解。不但要表现出对工作细节的兴趣;而且要表现出对公司产品、市场的兴趣。问一问泛泛的问题:“你认为印度的市场潜力如何?”

  Look for Answers

  寻找答案

  Senior managers are looking for candidates who are creative thinkers focused on finding solutions. It is less important that you show you know the details of the problems the organization faces than that you're able to demonstrate readiness to look for options and find solutions.

  资深经理寻找的是具有创造思维、关注解决问题办法的人。表现出你了解企业所面临问题的细节很重要;表现出你已准备好去寻找解决问题的办法更重要。

  Tip: Think about problems in the past you've identified and managed to solve. Show readiness to tackle the tough issues.

  提示:回想你过去发现并成功解决的问题。表现出准备好处理困难问题的态度。

  Show some guts

  拿出点勇气

  Chances are whoever you're interviewing with got where he is by showing some moxie, and you should too. Top people need and want folks around them who are not afraid to speak up and will confidently assert their ideas. It is the only way to be part of the process.

  不论面试官是谁,都是通过勇气和魄力走到今天这一步,你也应该这么做。高层人士需要、也想要自己周围的人敢于直言、能自信地阐述自己的想法。这也是参与思想交流的唯一途径。

  Tip: Be ready with an example of a time when you weren't afraid to go out on a limb and your actions helped bring about real change.

  提示:准备一个例子,讲讲你曾冒着风险、用行动带来真正改变的事情。

  Show Your Softer Side, Too

  也表现出你服从的一面

  Yes, you should speak up and assert your ideas. But there will be times when the folks at the top will want—will even need—for you to go along once a decision has been made, even if you don't agree with it.

  是的,你应该敢言、表达出你的观点。但是有时候上司会希望甚至需要一旦决定做出后,即便你不同意也要合作。

  Tip: Think about past experiences you can discuss to demonstrate you're comfortable with the challenges of a dynamic environment.

  提示:回想一下那些能表现出你适应变换的环境所带来的挑战的经历,并在面试中讲述。

  Listen

  倾听

  Just as you want to make it plain in an interview that you are not too timid to speak up, you want to make it clear you are not over-confident or intent on dominating the process. Demonstrate you are able to listen without being too eager to cut off dialog.

  在面试中不表现得太懦弱、不敢言,但也不要表现得太过自信或想要控制面试场面。你要表现出原意倾听,不要急着打断对方的话。

  Tip: Ask questions that reflect the concerns of the questioner in a constructive way. For instance, if you are asked what you would do in a certain situation, resist the temptation to answer before you've asked some questions of your own.

  提示:以建设性的方式提一些面试者关心的问题。例如,如果被问及在某个特定情况下你会如何做,先抑制住回答的冲动、问几个你自己的问题。

  Keep It Positive

  态度积极

  If there's one thing senior managers have a universal distaste for, it's whining. Remember, every hiring manager wants to hire a team player who will bring positive energy and real initiative to the job. Be ready with examples of positive suggestions about problems or issues that you took initiative on in order to demonstrate your people skills.

  发牢骚是资深经理人都不喜欢的事。记住,每位招聘经理都希望雇佣一位能给团队带来积极力量和做事主动的人。准备一些你曾在主动处理问题中提出的积极建议作为例子,展示你的交流技巧。

  Tip: Steer clear of any criticism of prior managers, even if invited to offer it.

  提示:不要批评以前的经理——即便别人请你这么做。

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