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Unit14 Holidaysandfestivals

  Dialogues /monologues:

  1、Chang-O was banished to the moon where , according to the legend, Chang-O can be seen at her most beautiful on the night of the bright harvest moon.
  翻译: 嫦娥被驱逐到月宫 , 根据传说 , 每当中秋之夜明月当空的时候 , 可以看到她最美的容颜。 ——where 在这里的用法称为 关系副词,引导非限制性定语从句,对前面的 先行词 the moon 起补充说明的作用. where = on which .在月亮上

  2、Especially exciting are the dragon and lion dances done during the festival.

  3、And to cap it all the food in the restaurant is awful. It was so bad we had to eat out all the time despite having paid for meals in the price of our holiday.

  4、Ancient people offered the year's first ripe grains to the gods in thanks for the crops that would sustain their communities for the coming year.

  5、The ancient harvest festival of Europe helped give rise to contemporary Thanksgiving Day celebrations


  Holiday refers to the day set apart for religious observance or for the commemoration of some extraordinary event total stoppage of work and normal business activities, including feasting, parades and carnivals, or displays of flags and speechmaking.

  Originally, in ancient times, holidays were predominantly religious in character and linked to natural events such as the annual course of the sun or the phases of the moon. The word “holiday”, in fact, is derived from “holyday”.  Subsequently, secular holidays commemorating historical occasions or distinguished persons outnumbered holy days, although many ancient religious rituals and customs have been carried over into modern times and incorporated into both secular and religious observations. Today, the outstanding holiday is one of religious observance and abstention from normal work routines, taking place on Sunday for Christians, Friday for Muslims, and Saturday for Jews. In the U.S. , Sunday is not only a religious holiday but is also the only common-law holiday.

  National holidays are set aside by official government proclamation to celebrate such occasions as the achievement of independence, the founding of the nation, the adoption of a constitution, the birthday of the ruler, or the national patron saint's day.

  The U.S. has no national holidays as such legal holidays — on which banks, schools, or other public institutions and most places of business are closed — are designated by legislative enactment or by executive proclamation. Congress and the president designate the legal holidays for the District of Columbia and the federal territories but are without power to declare national holidays. Independence Day and other holidays are observed on a national scale as a result of action by the calendar date and requests national observance, and the states then usually enact the necessary legislation. Federal statutes often specify certain days as holidays for purposes related to the legislation.

  In order to give federal employees three-day weekends, a 1968 federal law made several changes in dates of holiday observances, effective in 1971: Washington's Birthday now falls on the third Monday in February; Memorial Day, on the last Monday in May; Columbus Day, on the second Monday in October. Individual states later adopted these Monday holidays.

  A number of states commemorate important events in their history. In Vermont, for example, the Battle of Bennington, fought in the American Revolution, is commemorated annually on August 16; in Louisiana the Battle of New Orleans of the War of 1812 is commemorated on January 8; Patriot's Day, commemorating the first battle of the American Revolution, is celebrated on or about April 19 in Massachusetts and Maine; and several southern states celebrate a confederate Memorial Day on different days in the spring.

  Translate Reference:





  为了给联邦政府雇员提供为期三天的周末, 1968 年的一项联邦法案对假日做了几项修改,并于 1971 年生效。这项法案规定:华盛顿的诞辰日为 2 月的第 3 个星期一;阵亡将士纪念日是 5 月的最后一个星期一;哥伦布发现美洲纪念日为 10 月的第 2 个星期一;退伍军人节是 10 月的第 4 个星期一。各个独立州后来都采纳了这些星期一假日。

  许多州都纪念本州发生的重要历史事件。假如,在佛蒙特每年都会在 8 月 16 日纪念为美国独立战争而战的本宁顿战役。路易斯安那州在 1 月 8 日纪念 1821 年战争中的新奥尔良战役。为纪念美国独立战争的首次战役的爱国者日,于每年的 4 月 19 日左右在马萨诸塞州和缅因州举行庆祝活动。每年春天的不同时候,南方各州会有联邦阵亡将士纪念日。

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