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【病历书写】疼痛

2009-02-17 13:40   来源:互联网       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  疼痛 Pain

  (1)当上楼梯时,突然痛了起来,并且持续不止。

  The pain came on suddenly while walking up the stairs and it was persistent.

  疼痛的发生

  感觉疼痛 feel (have; suffer from) a pain; pain is felt in ; feel painful

  头痛 have a headache; be troubled with a headache; feel a pain in one's head

  患剧烈头痛 have a nasty (bad) headache

  时常头痛 be subject (a martyr) to headaches

  有撞击似的两侧性头痛 have bilateral pounding headaches

  头痛逐渐地变为频发(较不严重) headaches gradually become more frequent (less severe)

  ex1:咀嚼时,有偶发的、暂时的、不可言状的疼痛或敏感。

  There is occasional, transient, nondescript pain, or sensibility during mastication.

  ex2:该齿对于压迫作痛,且有钝麻如咬的疼痛。

  The tooth became sore to pressure and there is a dull gnawing pain.

  发生时间

  ex1:Epigastric pain comes immediately after meal.

  ex2:Colic pain came on and off since yesterday.

  ex3:This pain has been relentlessly postprandial, regardless of the character of her meals.

  ex4:The joint pains were present mainly at night, with relief during the day.

  ex5:The mild frontal headaches were usually present upon awakening, but not severe enough to require analgesics.

  ex6:The pain usually commenced within 30 minutes after meals and lasted 1 to 3 hours.

  发生原因

  ex1:He described the pain as dull and aching, occurring approximately once a week, unrelated to food intake, and radiating to his back.

  (2)起初疼痛无变化,但数小时时变成发作性的痛。

  The pain initially was steady, but after several hours became episodic.

  疼痛的种类

  恒常(痛) constant

  间歇(痛) intermittent

  偶(痛) occasional

  急性(痛) acute

  钝麻(痛),闷(痛) dull

  搏动性的 throbbing

  抽搐(痛)tic

  抽(痛) twinge

  锐(痛),急(痛) sharp

  刺(射)痛 stabbing ( shooting) pain

  钻锥(痛) boring

  穿刺(痛) piercing

  窜(痛) darting

  被咬样的(痛) gnawing

  似裂(痛) tearing (splitting)

  胀(痛) bursting

  刀割样(痛) knife like

  痉挛(痛) crampy

  拉(痛) dragging

  箍(痛) girdle like (constricting)

  痛得打滚 writhing

  极痛的 excruciating

  切割的(痛) lancinating

  绞性痛 colic (colicky pain)

  剧痛 severe (pungent; intense)

  感应痛 referred pain

  坠痛 bearing down pain

  发生遍身的酸痛 develop diffuse body aching

  有剧烈的骨盘痛 have exquisite pelvic pain

  牙痛频发 continual bouts of toothache

  一阵阵剧烈的牙痛 the pangs of a toothache

  带有胸膜炎性状的右胸痛 right sided pain of a pleuritic character

  发生阵痛性的疼痛 have labor like pains

  ex1:这痛是持续不变的,若刺的剧痛。

  The pain was steady, sharp and boring in nature (character).

  ex2:该痛和她以前诉过的疼痛一样。

  The pain was identical with what she had complained of.

  疼痛再发

  pain reappears (relapses); pain breaks out again; a return of the pain

  ex1:左乳房下的疼痛时时再发,而不是持续性的。

  The pain under the left breast recurred at intervals but was not constant.

  ex2:疼痛很少在他晚餐后再发,同时喝牛奶或服用抑酸剂,对于疼痛并无影响。

  The pain rarely returned after his evening meal and it was not affected when he ingested milk or antacid.

  (3)有时疼痛放射到右下肢后侧,一直到脚部。

  At times pain radiates down the back of the right lower extremity to the foot.

  疼痛放射

  pain radiates ( travels) to …; pain radiating from … to …; radiation of the pain to …

  ex1:疼痛放射到腰部周围,躺下时缓和些,站立时加剧。

  The pain radiated around toward the groin, relieved by lying down and aggravated

  while standing.

  ex2:住院那天,他感到疼痛加剧,并且放射到右肩胛和肩部。

  On the day of admission he experienced increasingly severe pain with radiation to the right scapular area and shoulders.

  (4)这疼痛局限于正中线,因吃力的劳动而加剧。

  The pain was confined to the midline and was aggravated by heavy labor.

  疼痛部位

  疼痛存在于 the pain is limited to; the pain is located (localized; situated) in (or over) ; there is localized pain in …

  遍在痛 generalized (general; extensive; unlocalized) pain

  ex1:起初,疼痛遍及整个腹部,后来它局限于右上象限。

  At first the pain was generalized in the (whole) abdomen; but it subsequently localized to the R.U.Q.

  ex2:起于右下腹部的疼痛,不久便局限于左上腹部。

  The pain, which began (originated) in the R.L.Q., soon became localized in the L.U.Q.

  疼痛减轻

  疼痛减轻 pain is relieved by , relieve (ease, allay, alleviate, assuage, abate, soothe) the pain, pains decrease (grow less, go down , fall off)

  疼痛减轻了 the pain became lighter

  疼痛的严重度减少 the severity of the pain waned

  疼痛未停止 the pain did no ease

  ex1:疼痛和腹泻都减轻,但自从那时起,他就感觉疲倦和衰弱。

  The pain and diarrhea abated, but he felt tired and weak since then.

  ex2:胸部痛有时因改变体位而减轻,但只是暂时而已。

  The chest pain is sometimes relieved by a change of position, but only temporarily.

  疼痛加剧

  ex1:虽然没有肋膜带性状,但这痛因深吸气而显著加剧。

  The pain was markedly accentuated by deep inspiration, although it was not pleuritic in nature.

  ex2:当他在晚上作偏右侧睡时,疼痛最厉害。

  The pain is most severe at night when he lies on his right side.

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