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[听力]健康:猪流感

2009-05-21 16:05BBC英语教学频道

  Take Away English 随身英语

Health: Swine Flu

  The global pandemic that is Influenza H1N1, more commonly known as swine flu, continues its rapid and virulent spread. The World Health Organisation reported the number of infected people to have reached 9,830 across 40 countries.

  The virus, which is thought to have originated in Mexico, has now spread as far south as Australia and as far east as Japan. With over 170 reported cases, Japan has one of the highest instances of infection in Asia.

  In response, Japan, like many other badly infected regions, has tried to contain any further spread of the virus. One measure taken has been the temporary closure of 4,000 schools, colleges and nurseries in and around Hyogo and Osaka.

  Students have been advised to stay at home until further notice but a few restless individuals have found a more entertaining and musical way to spend their new-found free time.

  It appears some Japanese students are not spending their time worrying about the virus, but spending it practising their singing instead.

  In fact, a few karaoke club owners in Japan have reported record numbers of customers. One club manager told the AFP news agency: "We suddenly had a number of high school students after 2pm yesterday, right after the announcement that schools would close for a week."

  Neither students nor club owners appear overly worried about the virus. So just how concerned should they be?

  Well, according to a recent statement from Dr Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization:

  "With the exception of the outbreak in Mexico, which is still not fully understood, the H1N1 virus tends to cause very mild illness in otherwise healthy people. Outside Mexico, nearly all cases of illness, and all deaths, have been detected in people with underlying chronic conditions."

  GLOSSARY

  pandemic (疾病)普遍流行的
  influenza (医) 流行性感冒
  swine flu 猪流感
  rapid 迅速的
  virulent 致命的,致病性的
  spread 传播
  infected 被传染了
  virus 病毒
  contain 控制
  temporary closure 暂时关闭
  restless 焦躁不安的
  free time 空闲时间
  worrying 忧虑
  karaoke 卡拉OK
  record numbers 创纪录人数
  neither…nor… 既不…也不… (两者都不)
  concerned 担心
  outbreak 爆发
  mild illness 轻微的病状,小病
  underlying chronic conditions 固有的长期疾病

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