外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 行业英语 > 新闻英语 > 报刊选读 正文
  • 站内搜索:

美国主流媒体报道H1N1新词

2009-05-07 09:51新浪博客

  每天读大量的英文原版新闻(建议读纽约时报和CNN)是我在清华读书的时候养成的习惯,这样才可以保证在重要的同传场合不至于那些词说得不对或者不地道尴尬。这种习惯让我获得当年美国大使馆在公使衔参赞与首席新闻发言官身边实习的宝贵机会,他们很欣赏我的翻译水平和助理工作,一年的实习也让我距离美国名校更进了一步。所以“成功”不是今天做梦,明天就“成”了。“成功”更像储蓄和投资,从小事做起,一点一点积累,集腋成裘,然后实现质变。

  猪流感爆发的时候,产生了大量的生词,给大家推荐一篇英文文章。英文也需要保养,否则也会生锈和退化。

  Swine Influenza and You

  What is swine flu?

  Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. Swine flu viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person, but in the past, this transmission was limited and not sustained beyond three people.

  Are there human infections with swine flu in the U.S.?

  In late March and early April 2009, cases of human infection with swine influenza A (H1N1) viruses were first reported in Southern California and near San Antonio, Texas. Other U.S. states have reported cases of swine flu infection in humans and cases have been reported internationally as well. An updated case count of confirmed swine flu infections in the United States is kept at http://www.cdc.gov/swineflu/investigation.htm CDC and local and state health agencies are working together to investigate this situation.

  Is this swine flu virus contagious?

  CDC has determined that this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is contagious and is spreading from human to human. However, at this time, it not known how easily the virus spreads between people.

  What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu in people?

  The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with swine flu. In the past, severe illness (pneumonia and respiratory failure) and deaths have been reported with swine flu infection in people. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.

  How does swine flu spread?

  Spread of this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is thought to be happening in the same way that seasonal flu spreads. Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing of people with influenza. Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose.

  How can someone with the flu infect someone else?

  Infected people may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 7 or more days after becoming sick. That means that you may be able to pass on the flu to someone else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick.

  What should I do to keep from getting the flu?

  First and most important: wash your hands. Try to stay in good general health. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food. Try not touch surfaces that may be contaminated with the flu virus. Avoid close contact with people who are sick.

  Are there medicines to treat swine flu?

  Yes. CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir or zanamivir for the treatment and/or prevention of infection with these swine influenza viruses. Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. If you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications. For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started soon after getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms)。

  How long can an infected person spread swine flu to others?

  People with swine influenza virus infection should be considered potentially contagious as long as they are symptomatic and possible for up to 7 days following illness onset. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods.

  What surfaces are most likely to be sources of contamination?

  Germs can be spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth. Droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person move through the air. Germs can be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets from another person on a surface like a desk and then touches their own eyes, mouth or nose before washing their hands.

  How long can viruses live outside the body?

  We know that some viruses and bacteria can live 2 hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks. Frequent handwashing will help you reduce the chance of getting contamination from these common surfaces.

  What can I do to protect myself from getting sick?

  There is no vaccine available right now to protect against swine flu. There are everyday actions that can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza. Take these everyday steps to protect your health:

  · Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.

  ·  Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective.

  ·  Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.

  · Try to avoid close contact with sick people.

  · If you get sick with influenza, CDC recommends that you stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.

  What is the best way to keep from spreading the virus through coughing or sneezing?

  If you are sick, limit your contact with other people as much as possible. Do not go to work or school if ill. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick. Put your used tissue in the waste basket. Cover your cough or sneeze if you do not have a tissue. Then, clean your hands, and do so every time you cough or sneeze.

  What is the best way to keep from spreading the virus through coughing or sneezing?

  If you are sick, limit your contact with other people as much as possible. Do not go to work or school if ill. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick. Put your used tissue in the waste basket. Cover your cough or sneeze if you do not have a tissue. Then, clean your hands, and do so every time you cough or sneeze.

  What is the best technique for washing my hands to avoid getting the flu?

  Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. Wash with soap and water. or clean with alcohol-based hand cleaner. we recommend that when you wash your hands —— with soap and warm water —— that you wash for 15 to 20 seconds. When soap and water are not available, alcohol-based disposable hand wipes or gel sanitizers may be used. You can find them in most supermarkets and drugstores. If using gel, rub your hands until the gel is dry. The gel doesn't need water to work; the alcohol in it kills the germs on your hands.

  What should I do if I get sick?

  If you live in areas where swine influenza cases have been identified and become ill with influenza-like symptoms, including fever, body aches, runny nose, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting or diarrhea, you may want to contact their health care provider, particularly if you are worried about your symptoms. Your health care provider will determine whether influenza testing or treatment is needed.

  If you are sick, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people as much as possible to keep from spreading your illness to others.

  If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs, seek emergency medical care.

  In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

  · Fast breathing or trouble breathing

  · Bluish skin color

  · Not drinking enough fluids

  · Not waking up or not interacting

  · Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held

  · Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough

  · Fever with a rash

  In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

  · Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath

  · Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen

  · Sudden dizziness

  · Confusion

  · Severe or persistent vomiting

  How serious is swine flu infection?

  Like seasonal flu, swine flu in humans can vary in severity from mild to severe. Between 2005 until January 2009, 12 human cases of swine flu were detected in the U.S. with no deaths occurring. However, swine flu infection can be serious. In September 1988, a previously healthy 32-year-old pregnant woman in Wisconsin was hospitalized for pneumonia after being infected with swine flu and died 8 days later. A swine flu outbreak in Fort Dix, New Jersey occurred in 1976 that caused more than 200 cases with serious illness in several people and one death.

  Can I get swine influenza from eating or preparing pork?

  No. Swine influenza viruses are not spread by food. You cannot get swine influenza from eating pork or pork products. Eating properly handled and cooked pork products is safe.

相关热词:新闻英语 报刊选读
行业英语辅导课程
李 健协和医科大学医学博士,美国国立卫生研究院博士后……详情>>
李健:医学英语网上辅导名师
高 云澳大利亚注册会计师协会会员,会计专业硕士……详情>>
高云:财会英语网上辅导名师
李文沛中国政法大学博士,师从著名法学家周忠海教授……详情>>
李文沛:法律英语网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371