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托业阅读常考词汇大收集10

2009-09-23 16:20

  surging—— To increase suddenly. Used of electric current or voltage猛增=accelerating

  surpass—— To be or go beyond, as in degree or quality; exceed胜过=exceed, outrun

  sustain—— To keep in existence; maintain继续生存;维持=maintain

  sustenance—— Something, especially food, that sustains life or health营养物,尤指食物=fare Food and drink; diet食物和饮料

  Means of livelihood生计=livelihood

  supplement——Something added to complete a thing, make up for a deficiency, or extend or strengthen the whole补充物,用来完成某事、补充不足、扩展或加强=extension

  An addition that increases the area, influence, operation, or contents of something扩大

  supreme——Greatest in importance, degree, significance, character, or achievement最重要的=outstanding

  succinct——Characterized by clear, precise expression in few words; concise and terse简明的=concise

  sufficient——Being as much as is needed充足的=adequate

  sumptuous——Of a size or splendor suggesting great expense; lavish豪华的;花费奢侈的=luxurious

  substantial——Considerable in importance, value, degree, amount, or extent有重大价值的=considerable Worthy of consideration; significant重要的

  substitute——One that takes the place of another; a replacement代用品=replacement, in place of代替

  subsidize——To assist or support with a subsidy以津贴补助=finance To supply funds to给…提供资金

  subtle——So slight as to be difficult to detect or analyze; elusive纤细的,细小的=slight

  submit——提出,提交=present提出;呈递

  subsidy——Monetary assistance granted by a government to a person orsgroupsin support of an enterprise regarded as being in the public interest补助金=financing融通资金

  subject to ——在……条件下;易受……的侵袭;受控制=expose to, susceptible to

  stretch——A continuous or unbroken length, area, or expanse连续不断的长度,地区或空间=span The extent or measure of space between two points or extremities, as of a bridge or roof; the breadth跨度两点或两端间的空间

  strike——To engage in a strike against an employer罢工=walkout

  To come to; attain来到;到达= make contact with

  striking—— Arresting the attention and producing a vivid impression on the sight or the mind.惹人注目的=prominent Immediately noticeable; conspicuous显眼的

  stringent—— Imposing rigorous standards of performance; severe严格的=strict

  stimulus—— Something that incites or rouses to action; an incentive激发物=motivate

  strain ——To pull, draw, or stretch tight拉紧=tension The act or process of stretching something tight拉紧

  stationary—— Not capable of being moved; fixed不能被移动的;固定的=fixed, immobile

  status——Position relative to that of others; standing地位=standing

  sticky——shavingsthe property of adhering or sticking to a surface; adhesive粘的=adhere, cement

  staple—— A basic or principal element or feature主要成分,基本成分=basic element

  squirt—— To issue forth in a thin forceful stream or jet; spurt喷=spurt out v.喷出

  staggering—— Causing great astonishment, amazement, or dismay; overwhelming令人大为吃惊、惊讶或沮丧的;使束手无策的=overwhelming

  spur—— To incite or stimulate刺激,鞭策=stimulate

  speculate about—— To assume to be true without conclusive evidence推测=hypothesize To assert as a hypothesis假设

  spinal——Of, relating to, or situated near the spine or spinal cord; vertebral脊柱的=backbone

  spark—— To set in motion; activate发动;触发=bring about引起;致使;造成;达成

  spawn—— To give rise to; engender造成;使产生=create

  solemn—— Deeply earnest, serious, and sober庄严的,极认真的,严肃的=serious

  slope——declivity A downward slope, as of a hill斜坡

  smother—— To suffocate (another)使窒息=eliminate To get rid of; remove消灭;消除

  snap—— To pull apart or break with a snapping sound折断=break

  signify—— To denote; mean表示…的意思=denote

  simultaneously——同时存在[发生]地=concurrently同时发生的,并存的;合作的

  skepticism—— A doubting or questioning attitude or state of mind; dubiety怀疑态度=doubt

  shield—— To protect or defend with or as if with a shield; guard保护、防卫=protect

  secrete—— To conceal in a hiding place; cache躲藏=produce

  scarce—— Hard to find; absent or rare难得的;缺少的或罕见的=rare

  scores—— A composition written for a musical comedy配乐=musical compositions音乐作品

  scent—— A perfume香水=perfume

  scale—— To climb up or over; ascend攀登=climb

  sanitation—— Formulation and application of measures designed to protect public health.卫生措施=health

  tremendous—— Extremely large in amount, extent, or degree; enormous巨大的=huge, greatly

  trend—— A general tendency or inclination趋向=tendency

  trap—— A contrivance for catching and holding animals, as a concealed pit or a clamp like device that springs shut suddenly陷阱=entomb To place in or as if in a tomb or grave埋葬

  trace—— A visible mark, such as a footprint, made or left by the passage of a person, an animal, or a thing痕迹=imprint, residue The remainder of something after removal of parts or a part残留物

  textile—— A cloth, especially one manufactured by weaving or knitting; a fabric纺织品=cloth, fabric

  terrestrial—— Of, relating to, or composed of land陆地的=land

  terrain—— An area of land; ground地区;地带=land

  tedium—— The quality or condition of being tedious; tediousness or boredom单调乏味=tiresome

  temporarily—— Lasting, used, serving, or enjoyed for a limited time在有限的时间内持续地、被使用、发挥作用=makeshift A temporary or expedient substitute for something else. 权宜之计,暂时或临时替代其它事物的东西

  usher—— To precede and introduce; inaugurate宣告,展示介绍;开始,开创=begin

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