Languages are marvelously complex and wonderfully complicated organs of culture. They embody the quickest and the most efficient means of communicating within their respective culture. To learn a foreign language is to learn another culture. In the words of a poet and philosopher, “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives one lives.” A culture and its languages are as inseparable as brain and body; while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other. In learning a foreign language, the best beginning is with the non-verbal linguistic elements of the language, its gestures, its body language. Eye contact is extremely important in English. Direct eye contact leads to understanding, or, as the English maxim (格言) has it, seeing eye-to-eye. We can never see eye-to-eye with a native speaker of English until we have learned to look directly into his eyes.
1. The best title for this passage is ________.
A. Organs of Culture B. Brain and Body
C. Seeing Eye-to-Eye D. Non-Verbal Linguistic Elements
2. According to this passage, the best way to learn a foreign language is ________.
A. to read the works of poets and philosophers
B. to find a native speaker and look directly into his eyes
C. to begin by learning its body language
D. to visit a country where English is spoken
3. According to this passage, gestures are ________.
A. non-verbal as well as non-linguistic
B. verbal and linguistic
C. non-verbal but nevertheless linguistic
D. verbal but nevertheless non-linguistic
4. “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives” means ________.
A. if one leans many foreign languages, one will have a better understanding of his own language
life is richer and more interesting if one knows several languages
no matter how many languages one knows, one can never know more than one’s own culture
if a person speaks only one language, he will live a very happy life
5. One of the following which is not synonymous with the others is _______.
A. signs B. gestures C. maxims D. body language
In the United States, a person can take credit only for what he has accomplished by himself. Americans get no credit whatsoever for having been born into a rich or privileged family. (In the United States, that would be considered “an accident of birth”.) Americans pride themselves in having been born poor and, through their own hard work, having climbed the difficult ladder of success to whatever level they have achieved—all by themselves. The American social system has, of course, made it possible for Americans to move, relatively easily, up to the social ladder, whereas this is impossible to do in many other countries. The “self-made man or woman” is still very much the ideal in present-day America.
Americans believe that competition brings out the best in any individual. Consequently, the foreign visitor will see competition being fostered in the American home and in the American classroom, even at the youngest age levels. You may find the value placed on competition among individuals. But Americans teaching in Third World countries find the lack of competitiveness in a classroom situation equally distressing (令人苦恼的). They soon learn that what they had thought to be one of the universal human characteristics represented only a peculiarly American (or Western) value.
Americans, valuing competition, have devised an economic system to go with it – free enterprise (自由企业制). Americans feel very strongly that a highly competitive economy will bring out the best in its people and ultimately, that the society which fosters competition will progress most rapidly. If you look for it, you will see evidence in all areas – in all fields as diverse as medicine, the art, education, and sports – that free enterprise is the approach most often preferred in America.
6. What does the author mean by saying “self-made man or woman” is still very much the ideal in present-day America?
A. Americans no longer respect those who are born rich as they used to.
Americans still respect those who have climbed up the social ladder through hard work.
Americans think that an ideal man or woman should be born poor.
Americans think that only the self-made man or woman is worthy of respect.
7. What does the author think of the American social system?
A. It is a system that does not favor those who are born rich.
B. It is a system that makes social climbing very difficult, if not impossible.
C. It makes it comparatively easy for the poor to move up the social ladder.
D. It is the best system possible in the world.
8. Americans teaching in Third World countries found that _____.
A. competition is a unique American (or Western) value.
B. competition must be fostered in the classroom for success in business.
C. cooperation is more important than competition in bringing about progress.
D. competition is one of the universal human characteristics.
9. We can infer from the passage that free enterprise is _____.
A. an economic system allowing free competition among business
B. a belief that competition brings out the best in any individual
C. an attitude that values competition rather than cooperation
D. a theory that advocates competition as the source of all progress
10. Americans would most likely frown at you if you _____.
A. tell them you were born poor and had to work with your hands
B. go around telling people that your father is a self-made man
C. tell them that their social system is not necessarily the best
D. complain that you were born poor and had had no opportunities
What will man be like in the future – in 5,000 or even 50,000 years from now? We can only make a guess, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today. For man is slowly changing all the time.
Let us take an obvious example. Man, even five hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average, men are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller.
Again, in the modern world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity. As time goes on, however, we shall have to use our brains more and more, and eventually we shall need larger ones! This is likely to bring about a physical change tool the head, in particular the forehead, will grow larger.
Nowadays our eyes are in constant use. In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over very long period of time it is likely that man’s eyes will grow stronger.
On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life.
But what about hair? It will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer. In the future, then, both sexes are likely to be bald!
Perhaps all this gives the impression that future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at! This may well be true. All the same, in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being, with thoughts and emotions similar to our own.
11. The passage tells us about _____.
A. how man’s life will be in the future
B. how future man will look like
C. the fact that man’s organs will function differently in the future
D. the fact that man is growing uglier as time passes
12. There is evidence that man is changing _____.
A. man has been growing taller over the past 500 years
B. man has got stronger eyes than he ever had
C. man’s hair is getting thinner and thinner
D. man’s limbs are getting weaker because he tends to make less use of them
13. Man’s forehead will grow larger because _____.
A. he will use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity
B. the other 80% of his brain will grow in due time
C. he had rather narrow forehead a few hundred years ago
D. he will have to use his brain more and more as time goes on
14. Future man will probably ______.
A. have smaller eyes
B. have larger eyes
C. see better
D. gave to wear better glasses
15. The reason for believing that future man will be different is that he _____.
A. is always B. never stops changing 【外语教#育网编辑整理www.for68.com 】
C. hopes for a change D. will live a different life
II. Vocabulary and Structure
16. As we all know that young children are curious ________.
A. by heart B. by origin C. by education D. by nature
17. Do you think it wise to ________ our main office from NY to Chicago?
A. transplant B. transfer C. transform D. transmit
18. Some old people have an aversion to Rock and Roll because they can’t ________ so much noise.
A. sustain B. entertain C. endure D. admire
19. A healthy life is thought to be _______ with the open countryside and hometown food.
A. associated B. tied C. involved D. bound
20. The old lady is often seen _______ out of the house and sits in the garden.
A. come B. to come C. have come D. came
21. I believe it is one of the best books _______ written on the subject.
A. that have ever been B. which have ever been
C. that has ever been D. which has ever been
22. This is a very _______ issue and we haven’t figured out a way to deal with it yet.
A. competent B. compound C. comprehensive D. complicated
23. Mary helped Bill whenever he was in trouble but he never did anything for her _______.
A. in turn B. in advance C. in return D. in vain
24. Can you tell the _______ difference between the two words?
A. slender B. single D. slight D. simple
25. The _______ of the movie is so great that many people want to see it.
A. attack B. attraction C. attempt D. attention
26. The old man, _______ poor, could not afford a decent meal.
A. being B. is C. was D. has been
27. Our sportsman won the race ______ at the Olympics.
A. with easiness B. in ease C. with ease D. at ease
28. They strongly recommended that you _______ the area sooner.
A. leave B. left C. leaving D. to leave
29. What I can see is there will be many people ________ to visit the place.
A. coming B. come C. came D. to come
30. We need a chairman _______.
A. for whom everyone has confidence
B. who everyone has confidence of
D. whom everyone has confidence on
31. It was such a wonderful evening that I felt like _______ along the river.
A. walk B. to walk C. to walking D. walking
32. 54. The manager said that this problem __________ at the meeting next Tuesday.
A. discussed B. was discussed
C. would be discussed D. would be discussing
33. I’d be only too glad to attend your party _______ I can find a baby sitter.
A. so far as B. provided that C. except that D. unless
34. They differed with us ________ certain measures to be taken.
A. in terms of B. in seasons of
C. in respects of D. in occasion of
35. The young couple fought ________ but not very seriously.
A. all times B. on times C. some time D. at times
36. Though having a funny smell this kind of fruit ________ very sweet.
A. to taste B. is tasted C. tastes D. tasting
37. With a washing machine at home, you ________ all those clothes by hand.
A. mustn’t have washed B. needn’t have washed
C. cannot have washed D. shouldn’t washed
38. Her pleasant personality is ________ from his humor and understanding.
A. came B. caused C. caught D. derived
39. The manager asked us if we would ________ the articles (条文) in the contract.
A. agree on B. agree with C. agree to D. agree at
40. You have to _______ your paper next Monday morning to the professor’s office.
A. hand out B. hand off C. hand over D. hand in
41. I would think it rude to _______ when others are speaking.
A. break in B. break into C. break off D. break out
42. The doctor’s advice was that the patient ________ at once.
A. to be operated B. being operated C. be operated D. operated
43. But for their help, we ________ our task as planned.
A. would not fulfill B. might not fulfill
C. couldn’t have fulfilled D. shouldn’t have fulfilled
44. Finally the sound of the motorboat _______ away in the distance.
A. fenced B. faded C. fancied D. fastened
45. –Would you like to have another cup of tea?
A. Yes, please. B. Sorry, I don’t.
C. Not at all. D. Thank you just the same.
III. Error Identification
46. Bats are able to guide them by producing sound waves too high for us to hear.
A B C D
47. Ever since the world began, nations have difficulty in keeping peace with their
A B C D
48. Although her severe pain, Jane came to the classes so that she wouldn’t miss
A B C D
49. The salesman told me that a good pair of glasses were supposed to last at least 3
A B C D
to 4 years.
50. Even though she looks very young, she is twice older than my 18-year-old sister.
A B C D
51. I just don’t understand why his wife fusses at small things all the time.
A B C D
52. The policemen ordered that everyone left the burning building right away.
A B C D
53. If I were you, I would take that job without delay when they offered me.
A B C D
54. Have the director and editor decided what to do next with the book?
A B C D
55. Make sure you eat well and sleep enough, don’t you?
A B C D
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Residents in a growing number of cities in North China are suffering from influenza, but health officials insist the cases will not _56_ a nationwide breakthrough. _57_, they are warning people to rest and dress warmly _58_ the annual flu season will _59_ through the middle of February.
Other preventative _60_, including drinking lots of water and exercising _61_, will make people more _62_ the virus. People should keep their rooms ventilated so there is _63_ fresh air, they said. 【外语教育网编辑整理ｗｗｗ．ｆｏｒ６８．ｃｏｍ 】
Children and _64_, who are _65_ susceptible to (易感染的) the virus, should be _66_ cautious. People should visit their doctors _67_ they show symptoms so they can get medicine _68_.
In Tianjin, doctors _69_ about 4,000 prescriptions a day; the _70_ to see a doctor is at least two hours. And doctors from Shenyang said the number of patients _71_ medical treatment there _72_ upper respiratory tract (上呼吸道) diseases _73_ by 30 per cent since December.
Flu medicine is expensive, _74_ that has not curbed demand. More than 100 boxes of Tamiflu, _75_ 200 yuan each, were sold a day in a ward of Beijing’s China-Japan Friendship Hospital.
56. A. come from B. lead to C. go to D. go by
57. A. So B. Moreover C. Thus D. Still
58. A. since B. because of C. owe to D. due to
59. A. pass B. stay C. last D. visit
60. A. ways B. skills C. measures D. methods
61. A. occasionally B. regularly C. warmly D. hardly
62. A. resistant to B. reluctant to C. probable to D. untouchable to
63. A. lots B. many C. enough D. less
64. A. adults B. youth C. parents D. seniors
65. A. never B. most C. least D. not
66. A. especially B. overly C. virtually D. moderately
67. A. as B. while C. since D. once
68. A. really B. probably C. speedy D. quickly
69. A. has been written B. have been written
C. have been writing D. had written
70. A. waiting B. wait C. line D. queue
71. A. asking B. looking C. searching D. seeking
72. A. for B. to C. without D. toward
73. A. have grown B. grew C. grows D. has grown
74. A. and B. but C. or D. still
75. A. on B. about C. for D. at
Section A: In this part there are 5 sentences that you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
76. A culture and its languages are as inseparable as brain and body; while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other.
77. In the United States, a person can take credit only for what he has accomplished by himself.
78. Americans, valuing competition, have devised an economic system to go with it – free enterprise (自由企业制).
79. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller.
80. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life.
84. 杨利伟实现了中国人登上太空(outer space)的梦想。