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专四:如何写作英语专四写作开头

2010-09-10 11:25外语教育网

  专四:如何写作英语专四写作开头——英语专四考试写作一直是让人头疼的部分,现在就来看看专四:如何写作英语专四写作开头吧,外语教育网助你英语专四考试马到成功。

  1. 开头技巧一:名人名言

  开头引用名人不仅能够作为很好的切入点展开话题,而且还能够显示考生深厚的英语功底。可能有的考生会疑惑:“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?” 一般来说,引用名人名言不一定要记住每个单词才行。如果考生能够记住大致的内容,也可以引用。引用名人名言的经典句型:

  A proverb says, “you are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)

  It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于只记住大致意思的名言)

  更多经典句型:As everyone knows, no one can deny that

  2. 开头技巧二:数字统计

  要想使自己的论证更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试考生只需要记住一个大概得数据即可。所以不妨试用下面的句型:

  According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

  更多句型:

  A recent statistics shows that

  除以上两种特殊用法以外,我们为考生整理了以下开头常用句型,供考生参考:

  文章开头句型:

  1.对立法 : 先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,

  适用于有争议性的主题.

  例如

  1) When asked about..., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that ... But I think/view a bit differently.

  2) When it comes to .... , some people believe that ....... Others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true . There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements , but (I tend to the proffer/latter ...)

  3) Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that .... They claim/believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....

  2. 现象法 引出要剖析的现象或者问题, 然后评论 .

  1) Recently the rise in problem of/(phenomenon of) ... has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/worldwide concern.

  2) Recently the issue of the problem of/the phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus. ( has been brought to public attention)

  3)Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.

  3.观点法 --开门见山,直截了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法.

  1) Never history has the change of .. been as evident as ...Nowhere in the world/China has the issue/idea of .. been more visible/popular than...

  2) Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...

  3) Now there is a growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to......Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ......

  4) Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that.......

  4. 引用法 -- 先引出有代表性的看法, 来引出文章要展开论述的观点!

  1) "Knowledge is power." such is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.

  "Education is not complete with graduation." Such is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.

  2) "........." How often we hear such statements/words like those/this. In our own days we are used to hearing such traditional complains as this "......".

  5.比较法 -- 通过对过去,现在两种不同的倾向,观点的比较, 引出文章要讨论的观点.

  1) For years, ...had been viewed as ... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ... , people ....... .

  2) People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new.

  6.故事法 --先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣, 引出文章的主题.

  1) Once in (a newspaper) , I read of/learnt .... The phenomenon of... has aroused public concern.

  2) I have a friend who ... Should he .... ? Such a dilemma we are often confront with in our daily life.

  3) Once upon a time , there lived a man who ... This story may be (unbelievable) , but it still has a realistic significance now.

  7.问题法 --先用讨论或解答的设问, 引出自己观点, 适用于有争议性的话题.

  Should/What ...... ? Options of ... vary greatly, some ..., others ...But in my opinion, ...

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