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2010年全国职称英语综合类(C级)考试真题及答案

2010-11-27 08:30   来源:外语教育网编辑整理       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  第一部分:词汇选项(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1. Rodman met with Tony to try and settle the dispute over his contract.

  A.mark

  B.involve

  C.solve

  D.avoid

  2. We're happy to report that business is booming this year.

  A.failing

  B.open

  C.successful

  D.risky

  3. If we leave now,we should miss the traffic.

  A.avoid

  B.mix

  C.direct

  D.stop

  4.In the process,the light energy converts to heat energy.

  A.leaves

  B.drops

  C.reduces

  D.changes

  5. I was shocked when I saw the size of the telephone bill.

  A.surprised

  B.lost

  C.excited

  D.angry

  6.Can you give me a concrete example to support your idea?

  A.special

  B.good

  C.real

  D.specific

  7. We've been through some rough times together.

  A.short

  B.difficult

  C.long

  D.happy

  8. It was a fascinating painting,with clever use of color and light.

  A.new

  B.familiar

  C.large

  D.wonderful

  9.The company has the right to end his employment at any time.

  A.offer

  B.stop

  C.provide

  D. continue

  10.She gave up her job and started writing poetry.

  A.lost

  B.abandoned

  C.took

  D.created

  11.The police took fingerprints and identified the body.

  A.discovered

  B.touched

  C.missed

  D.recognized

  12.What are my chances of promotion if I stay here?

  A.retirement

  B.replacement

  C.advertisement

  D.advancement

  13.We've seen a marked shift in our approach to the social issues.

  A.regular

  B.great

  C.clear

  D.quick

  14.The thief was finally captured two miles away from the village.

  A.found

  B.iailed

  C.caught

  D.killed

  15.I propose that we discussed this at the next meeting.

  A.request

  B.suggest

  C.demand

  D.order

  第二部分:阅读判断(第16-22题,每题1分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  The Race into Space

  American millionaire Dennis Tito will always be famous.He was the first tourist in space."Ispent sixty years on Earth and eight days in space and from my viewpoint.it was two separatelives,"Tito explained.He loved his time in space."Being in space and looking back at earth isone of the most rewarding experiences a human being can have."

  This kind of experience isn't cheap.It cost$20 million.However,Tito achieved his dream.so he was happy."For me it was a life dream.It was a dream that began when I didn't have any money,"he told reporters.

  On 30 April 2002,Mark Shuttleworth became the world's second space tourist.Shuttleworth is a South African Businessman.At the age of twenty-eight。he also paid$20 million for the eight.daytrip.

  Both Tito and Shuttleworth bought their tickets from a company called Space Adventures.Thecompany has around 100 people already on their waiting list for flights into space.The spaceship totake them doesn't exist yet.

  Many of the customers are people who like adventure.They are the kind of people who alsowant to climb Mount Qomolangma.Other customers are people who love space.However,these peo.pie are worried.Because it's SO expensive,only very rich people can go into space.They want spacetravel to be available to more people.

  That day may soonhere.Inter Orbital Systems(IOS)plans to send up to four tourists aweek into space.The tours will depart from an island in Tonga.The company promises a packagethat includes forty-five days of astronaut training in Russia and California,seven days in space,anda vacation in Tonga.for$2 million.

  However,space flight is still very dangerous.Bill Readdy is NASA'S deputy assistant adminis.trator for space flight.He says that the chances of dying are about 1 in 500.Because of this it maytake time before space tourism really takes off.You might be able to go up,but will you comedown?

  16.Dennis Tito was the first tourist in space.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not menhoned

  17.Mark Shuttleworth is an engineer from the United States.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not menhoned

  18.Both Tito and Shuttleworth have climbed Mount Qomolangma.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not menhoned

  19.Space Adventures has about 100 customers waiting for their travel into space.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  20.Space Adventures already has a spaceship.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  21.IOS will send its tourists into space from Tonga.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  22.Bill Readdy thinks that space flight is very dangerous.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentmned

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23-30题,每题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:

  (1)第23-26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2-5段每段选择1个最佳标题;

  (2)第27-30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Intelligent Machines

  1 Medical scientists are already putting computer chips(芯片)directly into the brain to helppeople who have Parkinson's disease,but in what other ways might computer technology be able tohelp us?Ray Kurzweil is author of the successful book The Age of Intelligent Machines and is one ofthe world's best computer research scientists.He is researching the possibilities.

  2 Kurzweil gets computers to recognize voices.An example of this is Ramona,the virtual(虚拟的)hostess of Kurzweil's homepage,who is programmed to understand what you say.Visitors tothe site can have their conversations with her,and Ramona also dances and sings.

  3 Kurzweil uses this technology to help people with physical disabilities.One of his ideas is a"seeing machine".This will be"like a friend that could describe what is going on in the visibleworld,"he explains.Blind people will use a visual sensor(探测器)which will probably be builtinto a pair of sunglasses.This sensor will describe to the person everything it sees.

  4 Another idea,which is likely to help deaf people,is the"listening machine".This inven-tion will recognize millions of words and understand any speaker.The listening machine will also beable to translate into other languages,SO even people without hearing problems are likely to be inter-ested in using it.

  5 But it is not just about helping people with disabilities.Looking further into the future,Kurzweil sees a time when we will be able to download our entire consciousness onto a computer.This technology probably won't be ready for at least 50 years,but when it arrives,it means our mindwill be able to live forever.

  23.Paragraph 2___________.

  24.Paragraph 3___________.

  25.Paragraph 4____________.

  26.Paragraph 5___________.

  A.A new pair of ears

  B.Computers that can communicate

  C.Everlasting consciousness on a computer

  D.Time to break off a friendship

  E.An author and researcher

  F.A new pair of eyes

  27.Ray Kurzweil works with computers to help people___________.

  28.Ramona is able to understand_____________.

  29.Blind people will be able to see the world with___________.

  30.People without hearing problems may also be interested in using____________.

  A.what you say

  B.a pair of sunglasses

  C.the listening machine

  D.a visual sensor

  E.who have disabilities

  F.living forever in a computer

  第四部分:阅读理解(第31-45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文回答其后面的问题,为每题确定一个最佳答案。

  第1篇

  Britain's Solo Sailor

  Ellen MacArthur started sailing when she was eight,going out Oil sailing trips with her aunt.She loved it so much that she saved her money for three years to buy her first small sailing boat.When she was 18,she sailed alone around Britain and won the"Young Sailor of the Year"award.

  But Ellen really became famous in 2001.Aged only 24,she was one of only two women whoentered the Vendee Globe round the world solo race,which lasts 100 days.Despite many problems,she came second in the race out of 24 competitors and she was given a very warm welcome when shereturned.

  Ambition and determination have always been a big part of Ellen's personality.When she was younger,she lived in a kind of hut(棚屋)for three years while she was trying to get sponsorship tocompete in a transatlantic race.Then she took a one-way ticked to France,bought a tiny seven meter Class Mini yacht,slept under it while she was repairing it,and then she raced it 4,000 kilometers across the Atlantic in 1997,alone for 33 days.

  Ellen has had to learn many things,because sailing single-handed means that she has to be herown captain,electrician,sail maker,engineer,doctor,journalist,cameraman and cook.She alsohas to be very fit,and because of the dangers of sleeping for long periods of time when she's in themiddle of the ocean.she has trained herself to sleep for about 20 minutes at a time.

  And she needs courage.Once,in the middle of the ocean,she had to climb the mast(桅杆)of a boat to repair the sails-at four o'clock in the morning.with 100 kph winds blowing around her.It took her many hours to make the repairs.Ellen says,"I was exhausted when I came down.It'shard to describe how it feels to be up there.It's like trying to hold onto a big pole,which for me isjust too big to get my arms around,with someone kicking you all the time and trying to shakeyou off."But in her diary,Ellen also describes moments which make it all worthwhile(值得的):"Abeautiful sunrise started the day,with black clouds slowly lit by the bright yellow sun.I have a verystrong feeling of pleasure,being out here on the ocean and having the chance to live this.I just feellucky to be here."

  31.In the Vendee Globe race,Ellen won

  A.a gold medal.

  B.the"Best Woman Sailor"award.

  C.the"Young Sailor of the Year"award.

  D.the second place.

  32.Ellen lived in a kind of hut for three years

  A.while she was learning how to rcpair sails.

  B.while she was trying to get financial support for a race.

  C.because she was interested in country life.

  D.because she was ambitious for the coming race.

  33.The word"solo"in the title could be best replaced by

  A.self-starter

  B.one performer

  C.self.made

  D.single-handed

  34.According to paragraph 4,which of the following statements is NOT true?

  A.She has trained herself to sleep for about 20 minutes at a time.

  B.She has to be her own teacher.

  C.She has to learn to repair sails.

  D.She has to be very fit.

  35.How does Ellen feel about the Vendee Globe race?

  A.It is surprising.

  B.It is relaxing.

  C.It is enjoyable.

  D.It is dangerous.

  第2篇

  One-room Schools

  One-room schools are part of the heritage of the United States,and the mention of them makespeople feel a vague long for the way things were.One-room schools are an endangered species,however.For more than a hundred years,one-room schools have been systematically shut down andtheir students sent away to centralized schools.As recently as 1930 there were 149,000 one-roomschools in the United States.By 1970 there were 1,800.Today,of nearly 800 remaining one-roomschools.more than 350 are in Nebraska.The rest are scattered through a few other states that haveon their road maps wide-open spaces between towns.

  Now that there are hardly any left,educators are beginning to think that maybe there is some-thing yet to be learned from one-room schools,something that served the pioneers that might serve aswell today.Progressive educators have come up with progressive-sounding names like"peer-groupteaching"and"multi-age grouping"for educational procedures that occur naturally in the one-roomschools.In a one-room school the children teach each other because the teacher is busy part of thetime teaching someone else.A fourth grader can work at a fifth-grade level in math and a third-gradelevel in English without the stigma associated with being left back or the pressures of being skippedahead.A youngster with a learning disability can find his or her own level without being separatedfrom the other pupils.In larger urban and suburban schools today.this is called"mainstreaming."A few hours in a small school that has only one classroom and it becomes clear why SO many parentsfeel that one of the advantages of living in Nebraska is that their children have to go to a one-roomschoo1.

  36.We learn from the first paragraph that one-room schools

  A.are the best in Nebraska.

  B.are becoming more and more centralized.

  C.have has a strong influence on American people.

  D.need to be shut down.

  37.One-room schools are in danger of disappearing because

  A.there has been a trend towards centralization.

  B.they cannot get top students.

  C.they exist only in one state.

  D.children have to teach themselves.

  38.A major characteristic of the one-room school system is that

  A.1earning is not limited to one grade level.

  B.pupils mostly study math and English.

  C.some children have to be left back.

  D.teachers are always busy.

  39.It can be learned from paragraph 2 that many parents in Nebraska

  A.don't like centralized schools

  B.come from other states.

  C.received education in one-room schools.

  D.prefer rural life.

  40.What is the author's attitude towards one.room schools?

  A.Critical. B.Humorous.

  C.Angry.D.Praising.

  第3篇

  Citizen Scientists

  Understanding how nature responds to climate change will require monitoring key life cycleevent-flowering,the appearance of leaves,the first frog calls of the spring-all around the world.But ecologists can't be everywhere so they're turning to non-scientists,sometimes called citizen sci-entists,for help.

  Climate scientists are not present everywhere.Because there are so many places in the worldand not enough scientists to observe all of them,they're asking for your help in observing signs ofclimate change across the world.The citizen scientist movement encourages ordinary people to observe a very specific research interest-birds,trees,flowers budding,etc.一and send their observations to a giant database to be observed by professional scientists.This helps a small number of scientists track a large amount of data that they would never be able to gather on their own.Much likecitizen journalists helping large publications cover a hyper-local beat,citizen scientists are ready forthe conditions where they live.All that's needed to become one is a few minutes each day or eachweek to gather data and send it in.

  A group of scientists and educators launched an organization last year called the National Phenology Network."Phenology"is what scientists call the study of the timing of events in nature.

  One of the group's first efforts relies on scientists and non-scientists alike to collect data aboutplant flowering and leafing every year.The program,called Project BudBurst,collects life cycle data on a variety of common plants from across the United States.People participating in the projectwhich is open to everyone-record their observations on the Project BudBurst website.

  "People don't have to be plant experts-they just have to look around and see what's in theirneighborhood,"says Jennifer Schwartz,an education consultant with the project."As we collectthis data,we'll be able to make an estimate of how plants and communities of plants and animals willrespond as the climate changes."

  41.Ecologists turn to non-scientist citizens for help because they need them

  A.to provide their personal life cycles.

  B.to observe the life cycle of plants.

  C.to collect data of the life cycle of living things.

  D.to teach children knowledge about climate change.

  42.What are citizen scientists asked to do?

  A.To develop a specific research interest and become professional scientists.

  B.To send their research observations to a professional database.

  C.To increase their knowledge about climate change.

  D.To keep a record of their research observations.

  43.In"All that's needed to become one…(paragraph2)",what does the word"one"stands for?

  A.a citizen journalist.

  B.a citizen scientist.

  C.a scientist.

  D.a citizen.

  44.What is NOT true of Project BudBurst?

  A.Only experts can participate in it.

  B.Everybody can participate in it.

  C.It collects life cycle data on a variety of common plants.

  D.It has its own website.

  45.What is the final purpose of Project BudBurst?

  A.To study when plants will have their first buds.

  B.To find out the types of plants in the neighborhood.

  C.To collect life cycle data on a variety of common plants from across the United States.

  D.To investigate how plants and animals will respond as the climate changes.

  第五部分:补全短文(第46-50题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

  Houses of the Future

  What will houses be like in thirty years'time?No one really knows,but architects are trying topredict._________(46) Future houses will have to be flexible.In thirty years'time even more of US will be working fromhome.So we will have to be able to use areas of the houses for work for part of the day and for livingfor the rest.Families grow and change with children arriving growing up and leaving home.__________(47)Nothing will be as fixed as it is now.The house will always be changing to meetchanging needs.

  Everyone agrees that in thirty years'time we will be live in"intelligent"houses.We will beable to talk to our kitchen machines and discuss with them what to do.Like this,"We'll be havinga party this weekend.What food shall we cook?"_________(48)We will be able to leave most ofthe cooking to the machines,just tasting things from time to time to check.

  The house of the future will be personal-each house will be different._________(49)Youwon't have to paint them-you'll be able to tell the wall to change the color!And you don't like thecolor the next day,you'll be able to have a new one._________(50)

  A.The only thing you won't be able to do is move the house somewhere else!

  B.What will our home be like then?

  C.And the machine will tell us that food we will have to buy and how to cook it.

  D.You will be able to change the color of the wall easily.

  E.The house of the future will have to grow and change with the family.

  F.The kid might take their bedrooms with them as they leave.

  第六部分:完形填空(第51-65题。每题1分,共15分)

  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

  A Country's Standard of Living

  The"standard of living"of any country means the average person's share of the goods and serv'ices the country produces.A country's standard of living,therefore_________(51)first on its capacitv to produce weahh."Wealth"in this__________(52)is not money,for we do not live on moneybut on things that money can buy:"goods"such as food and clothing,and"services"such astransport and entertainment.

  A country's capacity to__________(53)wealth depends upon many factors,most of________(54)have an effect on one another. Wealth depends__________(55)a great extent upon a country'snatural resources. Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals,and have fertile(肥沃的)soil and a favorable climate;other regions___________(56)none of them. Next to natural resources comes the ability to__________(57)them to use.China is perhaps asrich as the USA in natural resources,but suffered for many years__________(58)civil and externalwars.and for this and other_____________(59)was unable to develop her resources.Sound and stable political conditions,and_____________(60)from foreign invasions,enable a country to develop its nat.ural resources peacefully and steadily,and to produce more__________(61)than another country equally well favored by nature but less well ordered.

  A countrv's standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and (62)within its own borders,but also upon what is directly produced through internationaltrade for mple,Britain's wealth in foodstuffs and other agricultural__________(63)would be much 1ess if she had to depend 0nlv on those grown at home.Trade makes it possible for her surplus(过剩的)manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products_________(64)would otherwise be lacking. A country's wealth is,therefore,much influenced by its manufacturing capacity。__________(65)that other countries can be found ready to accept its manufactures.

  51.A.calls B.gets C.depends D.takes

  52.A.sense B.article C.side D.area

  53.A.distribute B.produce C.contain D.buy

  54.A.that B.these C.what D.which

  55.A.for B.to C.in D.by

  56.A.contribute B.possess C.attract D.develop

  57.A.move B.force C.turn D.push

  58.A.as B.on C.with D.from

  59.A.reasons B.aspects C.points D.services

  60.A.freedom B.liberation C.prevention D.government

  61.A.wealth B.report C.effect D.result

  62.A.provided B.increased C.created D.consumed

  63.A.organization B.resources C.products D.labors

  64.A.who B.that C.where D.when

  65.A.based B.realized C.supposed D.provided

2010年全国职称英语综合类(C级)考试参考答案

  第一部分:词汇选项

  1. C [解析]本题考查的是对近义动词的辨别能力。本句话的意思是:"罗德曼与托尼会面尝试解决他的合同纠纷。"句子中的划线部分意为"解决"。四个选项中,意思为解决的选项是solve。avooid 是避免,如:We must take measures to avoid the traffic accidents.我们必须采取措施避免发生交通事故。mark是做标记;involve指卷入、陷入。和involve有关的短语有in.volved in卷入……;involve with涉及,和……有关。

  2. C [解析]本题考查的是对近义形容词的辨析能力。本句话的意思是:"我们很高兴地宣布,今年生意兴隆。"句中hooming意为"兴旺的,繁荣的",如:Port construction andinvestmenl is booming aIl over the country.港口建设和投资的热潮正在全国范围内兴起。四个选项中,failing,下降的;open,开放的;successful,成功的;risky,冒险的,如:Doctors say the operation is too risky.医生表示这项手术风险太大。在该句中,successful相对其他选项更为合适。

  3. A [解析]本题考查的是对动词的辨析能力。本句话的意思是:"如果我们现在离开,就能避开交通拥挤。"句中miss意为"错过、避开",和四个选项中的avoid同义。例如:silence is a device to avoid disputes.沉默是避免争吵的一个策略。mix的意思是"混合"。例如:Mix all of tlaese ingredients together.把所有原料混合在一起。direct是"指挥"的意思。例如:History is directected by a small number of great figures .历史是由少数伟大人物指引着方向的。stop是"停止"。

  4. D[解析]本题考查的是对动词的认知能力。本句话的意思是:"在这个过程中,光能转化成热能。"句中convert意为"转变、改变"。四个选项中,change也是改变的意思。leave的意思是离开;drop的意思是掉下、落下;reduce的意思是减少。

  5. A [解析]本题考查的是对动词的认知能力。本句话的意思是:"当我看到电话账单的数目时,我震惊了。"句中shock意为"震惊"。四个选项中,surprise是"惊讶"的意思。Iost当动词时是"遗失、丢失"的意思,用作形容词有"遗失的"或"迷惑的"之意。例如:we shareour house with people who lost their home or shelter for any reason.我们与因任何原因失去家园和庇护所的人分享我们的房子。excited,兴奋的;angry,气愤的。

  6. D [解析]本题考查的是对形容词的认知能力。本句话的意思是:"你能给我一个具体的例子来支持你的想法吗?"句中concrete意为"具体的"。四个选项中,它的同义词是specific。如:In painting art,the expressed most specific theme and image is often the most abstractthinking.在绘画艺术中,最具体的主题和形象所表达的往往是最抽象的思想。special,特殊的;good,好的;real,真实的。

  7. B[解析]本题考查的是对形容词的认知能力。本句话的意思是:"我们一起度过了一些困难的时光。"句中rough意为"粗糙的、艰苦的"。rough time指"困难时刻",和四个选项中的difficult time意思一样。short是短的;long是长的;happy是幸福的,与rough意义相反。

  8. D[解析]本题考查的是对形容词的认知能力。本句话的意思是:"这是一幅吸引人的绘画,巧妙地运用了色彩和光线。"句中fascinating意为"迷人的,吸引人的"。四个选项中,new是新的;familiar是熟悉的;large是大的;wonderful是极好的,奇妙的,与fascinating意思最为接近。

  9. B [解析]本题考查的是对动词的辨析能力。本句话的意思是:"公司有权在任何时间结束对他的雇佣。"句中end意为"结束,终止"。四个选项中,stop是停止,与end意义相近。offer是提供、提议,例如:We would appreciate it if you could offer US any help.如果您能为我们提供帮助的话我们将很感激。provide是提供,准备;continue是继续。

  10.B [解析]本题考查的是对动词词组的认知能力。本句话的意思是:"她放弃了工作,开始撰写诗作。"句中give up意为"放弃"。如:In view of the circumstances,we should give up the plan.考虑到情况的变化,我们应该放弃这项计划。四个选项中,abandon也是放弃的意思。如:After the age of about thirty he abandoned individual ambition.他一过三十就放弃了个人的雄心壮志。lose,丢失;take,拿;create,创造。

  11.D[解析]本题考查的是对近义动词的辨别能力。本句话的意思是:"警察提取了指纹,确认了尸体的身份。"句中identify意为"识别、认出"。如:We must also identify and nurture new talent.我们也必须识别和培养新的人才。四个选项中,recognize也是认出的意思。discov-er指发现,如:Columbus was one of the first Europeans to discover North America.哥伦布是最早发现北美洲的欧洲人之一。touch,触摸;miss,错过、想念。

  12.D [解析]本题考查的是对近义名词的辨析能力。本句话的意思是:"如果我待在这里,会有什么样的晋升机会?"句中promotion意为"晋升"。四个选项中,advancement是晋升、提升、进步的意思,与promotion意思最接近。retirement是退休的意思,advertisement是广告,replacement是替代。

  13.C [解析]本题考查的是对形容词的认知能力。本句话的意思是:"我们看到我们对社会问题的态度发生了明显的转变。"句中marked意为"显著的,明显的"。如:What is your most marked characteristic?你最显著的特点是什么?四个选项中,clear也是清晰的、明显的意思。regular,定期的、整齐的;great,伟大的;quick,快速的。

  14.C [解析]本题考查的是对动词的辨析能力。本句话的意思是:"小偷最终在离村庄两英里远的地方被抓获。"句中capture意为"捕获,抓住"。四个选项中,catch与capture同义。find是发现;jail是监禁;kill是杀死。

  15.B[解析]本题考查的是对动词的认知能力。本句话的意思是:"我建议我们在下次的会议上讨论这个问题。"句中propose意为"建议"。四个选项中,suggest与propose同义。request和demand意思相近,意为要求;order是命令的意思。propose,suggest,request和demand后的从句需要用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形。

  第二部分:阅读判断

  16.A[解析]本句意思:"Dennis Tito是第一位太空游客。"文章第1段介绍了美国富豪Dennis Tito作为第一位太空游客的经历。因此,本题的答案为A。

  17.B [解析]本句意思:"Mark shuttleworth是一位来自美国的工程师。"文章第3段指出Mark shuttleworth是一位南非商人。因此,本题与文章内容不符。答案为B。

  18.C [解析]本题意思:"Tito和shuttlewolth都攀登过珠穆朗玛峰。"文章没有涉及二人攀登珠穆朗玛峰的信息。因此答案为C。

  19.A[解析]本题意思:"太空冒险公司有大约100名顾客等待去太空旅行。"文章第4段第2句提到:"这家公司已有一百多人在等待飞往太空的名单上登记。"本句与文章内容相符,因此,答案为A。

  20.B [解析]本题意思:"太空探险公司已经拥有一架宇宙飞船。"文章第4段最后指出:"而携带他们的宇宙飞船还没出现。"因此,答案为B。

  21.A [解析]本题意思:"太空轨道传送公司将从汤加群岛送它的游客加入太空。"文章第6段谈到了太空轨道传送公司的计划,指出进入太空的旅行将从汤加群岛的一个岛屿出发。本题与文章内容相符。因此答案为A。

  22.A [解析]本题意思:"Bill Readdy认为太空航行是非常危险的。"文章最后一段提到太空旅行依然是非常危险的,接着又说Bill Readdy指出太空旅行的死亡率是l/500,正是由于这一点,也许太空旅行真正启程尚需时日。因此可以推断出Bill Readdy认为太空飞行非常危险。本题与文章内容相符。答案为A。

  参考译文

  造访太空

  美国富豪Dennis Tito将永远留名。他是第一位太空游客。他解释道:"我在地球上度过了60年,在太空度过了8天。在我看来,这是两种完全不同的生活。"他热爱在太空的日子。"身处太空,回看地球是一个人所能拥有的最有价值的经历之一。"

  这种经历可不便宜,花费了2000万美元。但是,Tito实现了他的梦想,因此他非常快乐。他告诉记者:"对我来说,这是一生的梦想。当我还没有钱时,这个梦想就产生了。"

  2002年4月30日,Mark shuttlewoith成为世界第二位太空游客。Shuttleworth是一个南非商人。28岁的他为8天的太空旅行同样支付了2000万美元。

  Tito和Shuttleworth都是在一家名叫太空冒险的公司购买的太空旅行票。这家公司已有一百多人在等待飞往太空的名单上登记,而携带他们的宇宙飞船还没出现。

  这些顾客中的许多人都热爱冒险。他们也是那类想要攀登珠穆朗玛峰的人。另一些顾客则热爱太空。但是,这些人担心,因为太空旅行过于昂贵,只有非常富有的人才可能进入太空。

  他们希望太空旅行能提供给更多的人。

  这一天也许很快就会到来。太空轨道传送公司(IOS)计划一周送四位太空游客进入太空。旅行将从汤加群岛的一个岛屿出发。这家公司承诺,这个旅程包括在俄罗斯和加利福尼亚的45天的太空训练、7天的太空生活和在汤加群岛的度假,总共花费200万美元。

  但是,太空旅行依然是非常危险的。Bill Reacldy是美国国家宇航局的航天副助理署长。他指出太空旅行的死亡几率是1/500。正是由于这点,也许太空旅行真正启程尚需进日。你也许能够飞上太空,但是,能下来吗?

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子

  23.B [解析]本题考查的是对所读材料大意与主旨的掌握。文章第2段所举的例子说"她被设置为可以理解你所说的话。网站的访问者可以和她谈话,Ramona也跳舞唱歌"。因此本题答案"计算机能够交流"概括了本段大意。

  24.F[解析]本题考查的是对所读材料大意与主旨的掌握。文章第三段主要阐述的是视觉机器,如"这机器像一个朋友一样,能够描述在有形世界里正在发生的事情……该传感器将向佩戴者描述它看到的一切"。因此本题答案"一双新眼睛"概括了本段大意。

  25.A[解析]本题考查的是对所读材料大意与主旨的掌握。文章第四段主要阐述的是听觉机器,因此本题答案"一双新耳朵"概括了本段大意。

  26.C [解析]本题考查的是对所读材料大意与主旨的掌握。文章第五段主要谈到"我们将能把所有意识下载到电脑里……就意味着我们的头脑能够永远活下去"。因此本题答案"计算机上永恒的意识"概括了本段大意。

  27.E [解析]本题考查的是对文章的事实与细节的了解。本题题干信息为"Ray Kurzweil研究计算机帮助人们……"文章第3段和第4段提到"Kurzweil uses this tecIlnology to helppeople with physical disabilities"和"Another idea,which is likely to help deaf people"。因此本题答案"有残疾的人"符合文章内容。

  28.A [解析]本题考查的是对文章的事实与细节的了解。本题题干信息为"Ramona能够理解……"文章第2段提到"who is programmeri to understand what you say"。因此本题答案"你所说的话"符合文章内容。

  29.B[解析]本题考查的是对文章的事实与细节的了解。本题题干信息为"盲人能够通过……看到世界"。文章第3段提到"Blind people will use a visual sensor which will probablybe built into a pair of sunglasses"。因此本题答案"一副墨镜"符合文章内容。

  30.C[解析]本题考查的是对文章的事实与细节的了解。本题题干信息为"没有听力问题的人也有兴趣使用……"文章第4段提到"The listening machine will also be able to translate into other languages,so even people without hearing problems are likely to be interested in usingit"。因此本题答案"听觉机器"符合文章内容。

  参考译文

  智能机器

  医学科学家已经通过把计算机芯片直接放入大脑来帮助那些患有帕金森病的人,但计算机技术在其他方面又能够帮助我们什么呢?Ray Kurzweil是《智能机器时代》这本成功的书的作者,同时也是世界上最好的计算机研究科学家。他正在研究计算机技术所能带来的可能性。

  Kurzwel让计算机来识别声音。这方面的一个例子是Ramona,Kurzweil网站首页的虚拟女主持人,她被设置为可以理解你所说的话。网站的访问者可以和她谈话,Ramona也跳舞唱歌。

  Kurzweil用计算机技术来帮助有生理残疾的人。他的一个构思是"视觉机器"。这机器"像一个朋友一样,能够描述在有形世界里正在发生的事情",他解释道。盲人将使用一种视觉探测器,它可能会被制造进墨镜里。该传感器将向佩戴者描述它看到的一切。

  另一个构思是"听觉机器",可能会帮助聋人。这项发明将识别数百万词汇和理解任何人说的话。听觉机器也能将话语翻译成其他语言,因此即使没有听觉问题的人也可能会对使用它感兴趣。

  但计算机不仅仅是帮助残障人士。展望更远的将来,Kurzweil看到这样的时代,我们将能把所有意识下载到电脑里。这项技术很可能至少50年后才会完成,但当它成功之时,就这意味着我们的头脑能够永远活下去。

  第四部分:阅读理解

  第1篇

  31.D [解析]本题是细节题。文章第2段提到:"她是进入Vendee Globe单人环球帆船比赛的仅有的两个女选手之一","尽管遇到了许多困难,在24名参赛的选手中她获得了第二名"。D选项与文章内容相符,因此,答案为D。

  32.B [解析]本题依然是细节考查题。文章第3段第2句指出:"她在一个棚屋里住了3年,期间她一直在为获得资助去参加横渡大西洋的帆船比赛而努力"选项B中短语get financial support for a race与文章中短语get sponsorship to compete in a trapasatlantic race同义。 因此,答案为B。

  33.D [解析]本题为词汇辨析题。solo:唯一的;单独的。例如:The solo $urvivor of thecrash was a liffle bahy.这次撞车的唯一幸存者是一个婴儿。single-handed:单人完成的;独自。

  例如:a single-handed voyage across the Atlantic.横渡大西洋的单人航行。

  34.B [解析]本题是细节判断题。通过仔细阅读文章第4段,可以判断选项B"她必须是自己的教师"没有在这一段出现。因此,这个选项不符合文章内容。B是本题的答案所在。

  35.C [解析]本题是阅读能力推断题。文章最后一段记述了Ellen当时的心情。"随着美丽的日出,一天开始了,灿烂的阳光给黑压压的云彩涂上光辉,心情非常快乐。在大海上有这样生活的机会,我感到很聿运"清楚地表现出Ellen快乐的心情。因此,答案选择C。

  参考译文

  孤独的英国水手

  8岁时,Ellen MacArthur开始驾驶帆船与姑姑一起出海航行。她非常喜爱航海以至于攒了三年的钱购置了她的第一只小帆船。18岁时,她独自驾驶帆船围绕英国航行并赢得了"年度青年水手"的称号。

  但是Ellen真正成名是在2001年。尽管只有24岁,但她是进入Vendee Globe单人环球帆船比赛的仅有的两个女选手之一。比赛进行了100天。尽管遇到了许多困难,她仍在24名参赛的选手中获得了第2名。回来时,她受到了非常热情的欢迎。

  雄心和决心一直是Ellen个性的重要部分。当她很小的时候,她在一个棚屋里住了3年,期间她一直在为获得资助去参加横渡大西洋的帆船比赛而努力。之后她购买了去法国的单程机票,购置了一个小小的7米级小型帆船,当修理帆船时,她就睡在船下。1997年,她独自驾驶帆船用了33天横渡大西洋,行驶了4000公里。

  Ellen必须学习许多东西,因为独自航行意味着,自己要成为船长、电工、帆船修理工、工程师、医生、记者、摄影师和厨师。同时她还必须非常健康,因为在海上,长时间的睡觉是危险的,她已经训练自己一次仅睡20分钟。

  同时她必须充满勇气。一次,凌晨4点,在海上迎着每小时100公里的风速,她不得不爬上桅杆修理船帆。她花费了数小时修理。Ellen说:"下来时,我筋疲力尽了。难以描述那时的感觉。就像要抓住一个巨大的杆子,对我来说它太粗了,用胳膊不可能抱住。似乎有人一直在踢你并试图把你摇下去。"

  但是,在日记中,Ellen也记述所有值得度过的时刻。"随着美丽的日出,一天开始了,灿烂的阳光给黑压压的云彩涂上光辉,心情非常快乐。在大海上有这样生活的机会,我感到很幸运。"

  第2篇

  36.C [解析]从文章第1段第1句及接下来叙述一间房学校历史的句子可以看出一间房学校对几代美国人产生了影响。其他选项离题意太远,因此选项C最合适。

  37.A[解析]文章第1段说近几十年来一间房学校数量骤减,孩子们都被送到centralized schools去了。只有选项A与题意最相关,其他选项文中根本没有涉及。

  38.A[解析]文章第2段提到一间房学校的几个特点,其中有这样一句:A fourth graelerearl work at a fifth-graele level in math anel a third-grade level in English without the stigma assoeiated with being left baek or the pressures of being skipped ahead.(一个四年级的学生可以做五年级的数学,三年级的英文,他不会因为被甩到后面而丢脸,或是因为被超过而感到有压力。这句话与选项A相符合(即不限制在一个年级水平上)。

  39.A[解析]文章第2段对一间房学校特点的描述是积极的、肯定的,例如末段有这样一句,A youngster with a learning disability can find his or her own level without being separatedfrom the other pupils。由此可知父母不喜欢另外一种模式即centralized school。

  40.D [解析]最后一句话总结出,许多父母认为在内布拉斯加州生活的好处之一是孩子必须上一间房学校,因此可以推断出作者对一间房学校持赞扬的态度。

  参考译文

  一间房学校

  一间房学校是美国遗产的一部分,当提及它的时候,人们对它的感觉是久远而模糊的。然而,一间房学校也是一个濒临灭绝的物种。100多年来,一间房学校被系统地关闭,学校里的学生被送往中心学校读书。在1930年,美国有149000所一间房学校。到1970年,还有1800所。而如今只剩下了将近800所,其中有350所以上在内布拉斯加州。其余的从线路图上看散布在城镇之间有广阔的开阔地的其他几个州。

  既然没剩下几所一间房学校,教育家们开始思考,也许从一间房学校可以学到一些以前为开拓者服务,而同样也可以为我们服务的东西。进步教育者想出了一些听起来很先进的名字,如"同龄组教学"和"多年龄分组",而这些在一间房学校是自然遵循的教学步骤。在一间房学校,孩子们能够相互教学;因为他们的老师一部分时间忙着教其他的学生。一个四年级的学生可以做五年级的数学,三年级的英文,他不会因为被甩到后面而丢脸,或是因为被超过而感到有压力。学习能力有障碍的孩子能够和正常的孩子在一块儿学习,找到他或她自己的位置,而不是给他们开设专门的学校,如今,在城市和郊区的一些大的学校里,这种现象被称作"主流化"。在一所小小的一间房学校逗留了几个小时,我便清楚了为什么如此多的家长觉得住在内布拉斯加的好处之一就是:他们的孩子必须去一间房学校读书。

  第3篇

  41.C [解析]前文提到科学家们不可能观察每一个地方的气候变化的现象,所以邀请普通人为他们观察、收集信息。

  42.B [解析]根据"send their observations to giant database to be observed by professional scientists"可知。

  43.B[解析]根据后文"a few minutes each day or each week to gather data and sentl itin",可见就是对citizen scientist的描述。

  44.A[解析]文章全文都在说普通人参与科学研究的项目,因此,只有A选项不符合。其他选项都能在文中找到。

  45.D [解析]问题为"final purpose",所以选D。

  参考译文:

  平民科学家

  理解大自然对气候变化有怎样的反应需要监视世界各个角落的关键生命周期事件--花朵的绽放、叶子的出现、第一只青蛙叫出春天的到来。但是生态学家不可能到世界的各个角落,所以他们向非科学家求助,这些非科学家有时也被称作平民科学家。

  气象科学家不可能足迹遍及天下。因为在世界上有如此多的地方,并且又没有足够的科学家来一一观察它们。所以他们请求你来帮助观察全世界气候变化的迹象。平民科学家运动鼓励普通人根据自己的兴趣来观察某一个特定的方面--鸟儿、树木、花朵打苞等等,并把他们的观察结果发送到一个巨大的数据库来供专业科学家研究。这有助于数量有限的科学家得到如果只靠他们自己根本收集不到的海量数据。就像平民记者帮助报道传统新闻报道方式所忽略的小型社区的相关信息一样,平民科学家也对他们所居住的环境很熟悉。要成为一名平民科学家,所要做的仅仅是每天或每周抽出几分钟来搜集数据并发送过来。

  一群科学家和教育家在去年发起了一个叫做网络国家物候学的组织。"物候学"就是科学家们所说的在自然中研究每个事件的时间。

  其中一个小组的首要尝试就是依靠科学家和非科学家来收集关于每年植物开花和长叶的数据。这一项目叫做花季追踪计划,它收集遍布美国的各种各样的植物生长周期的数据。参与这一项目的人们--这一计划对所有人开放--把他们的观察结果记录在花季追踪计划网站上。

  "人们不需要成为植物学家--他们仅仅需要环视四周,看看周围有什么",这项计划的一位教育顾问Jel'Illifer sc}1wartz说:"通过收集数据,我们就能够估算出气候变化对植物和生物群落会有怎样的影响。"

  第五部分:补全短文

  46.B [解析]该空格的前一句是"architects are trying to preclict(the houses of the future)",从第2段起是对未来房子的描述。此处填"what will our home be like then?"最为合适,起到承上启下的作用。

  47.E [解析]根据第2段内容,可以看出此处需要填的内容和"families grow aldchange with children arriving growing up anclleaving home"有关,因此选E"The house of the future will llave to grow and change with the family"。

  48.C[解析]第3段讲未来的厨房是智能的,我们可以和厨房里的机器交谈,因此选C"And the machine will tell us that food we will have to buy and how to cook it"。

  49.D [解析]这一段讲房子可以自己改变颜色,所以选项D"You will be able to claangethe color of the wall easily"是正确答案。

  50.A [解析]选项F"The kid might take tlaeir bedrooms with them as tlaey leave"放在此处显得唐突,因为文章没有对卧室进行描写。而选项A"The only thing you won't be able to do ismove the llouse somewlaere else"是对未来房子整体上的描述,适合做文章的结尾。

  参考译文

  未来的房子

  30年后的房子会是什么样的?没有人确切知道,但是建筑师正在试图预测。那么我们的房子将会是什么样的呢?

  未来的房子要灵活。30年后,我们更多的人会在家里办公。所以在一天中的一部分时间,我们必须能够使用房子的一部分办公,其余时间用于生活。随着孩子的出生、成长和离开家,家庭也会随之发展、变化。未来的房子要能和家庭一起发展、变化。没有什么会像现在一样固定下来。房子将总是在变化,以满足不同需求。

  每个人都同意,再过30年我们将生活在"智能"房子中。我们将能够跟我们厨房里的机器交谈,和它们讨论做什么饭。像这样,"我们要在周末举行晚会,做什么食物好?"机器就会告诉我们该买什么食物以及怎样做。我们可以把大部分的烹饪工作交给机器,只用不时地品尝,来检查食物就可以了。

  未来的房屋将是个人的,每个房子都不相同。你可以轻而易举地改变墙的颜色。你不必去粉刷它们,你可以告诉墙,让它自己改变颜色!如果第二天你不喜欢这颜色了,你可以再换一个新颜色。你唯一不能做的是把房子搬到其他地方去!

  第六部分:完形填空

  51.C [解析]call on号召,拜访;get on进展;take on穿上,承担。根据前文和空格句,"任何国家的'生活标准'都是指人均享有的这个国家生产的商品和服务。因此一个国家的生活标准,首先依赖于它能生产财富的能力",空格与其后面介词on构成depencl on短语,符合语意和搭配习惯。因此C是答案。

  52.A [解析]空格所在句子说"财富在这里不是指金钱"。in this sense是"在这里的意义",因此A是答案。相关短语in some sense指在某种意义上;在某种程度上。

  53.B [解析]distribute分配,分布;contain包含,包括。空格所在句子说"一个国家生产财富的能力依赖许多因素",空格处需要一个动词,只有答案produce为生产之意,因此B为答案。

  54.D[解析]空格处需要一个定语从句的引导词,因此只能在that和which之间选择。因为空格前出现了介词of,因此排除that,只能选which。

  55.B [解析]空格所在句子说"财富在很大程度上依赖一个国家的自然资源"。to agreat extent在很大程度上。因此B为答案。

  56.B [解析]eontriIrote贡献,attract吸引。空格所在句子"另外一些区域却一个也没有",只有答案possess指拥有。

  57.C [解析]空格所在句子说"除了自然资源就属利用自然资源的能力了"。空格处是动词,只有答案turn符合语意。因此C是答案。

  58.D[解析]借助空格所在的语意"但遭受多年内部和外部的战争",判断空格处需要 一个能与suffer搭配的介词。suffer from构成固定搭配。因此答案为D。

  59.A [解析]空格所在句子说"以及这样或那样的原因不能开发它本身的资源"。根 据上下文判断空格处的语意为"原因",因此判断A为答案。

  60.A [解析]freedom自由,免除;liheration解放,释放;prevention阻碍,妨碍;govern ment政府。空格所在的句子说"健全而稳定的政治条件和免受外国的侵略,使一个国家能够 和平稳定地开发它的自然资源"。因此freedom为答案。

  61.A [解析]空格所在的句子说"并且比另外同样受到大自然青睐但社会相对无序的国家生产更多的财富"。判断空格处为"财富",因此选A。

  62.D[解析]provide提供,create创造。空格所在的句子论述到"一个国家的生活水平不只依赖于自己国内生产和消耗的财富"。判断空格处为"消耗",因此D是答案。

  63.C [解析]organization组织,机构,团体;resoirce资源;labor劳动。空格所在的句子说"英国的食品和农产品会很少"。判断空格处为"产品",因此选C。

  64.B[解析]空格处是关系代词,引导定语从句,在定语从句中作主语,因此B是答案。

  65.D [解析]based基于,realized已实现,supposed假定的。空格所在的句子说"因此,一个国家的财富更多受它的制造能力的影响,假如能够发现其他国家准备好要接受其产品的话",判断需要表示条件的引导词,只有provided符合。

  参考译文

  一个国家的生活水平

  任何国家的"生活水平"都是指人均享有的这个国家生产的商品和服务。因此一个国家的生活标准,首先依赖于它生产财富的能力。"财富"在这里指的不是金钱,因为我们不是靠钱,而是靠用钱能买到的东西生活:比如食物和衣服之类的"商品"和比如交通和娱乐之类的"服务"。

  一个国家生产财富的能力依赖许多因素,大多数因素彼此相互影响。财富在很大程度上依赖于一个国家的自然资源。世界上的一些地区有丰富的煤和矿物,以及肥沃的土壤和有利的气候;另外一些地区却啥也没有。

  除了自然资源就属利用自然资源的能力了。中国的自然资源或许能和美国相媲关,但由于遭受多年内部和外部的战争,以及这样或那样的原因而不能开发本身拥有的资源。健全而稳定的政治条件和免受外国的侵略,使一个国家能够和平稳定地开发它的自然资源,并且比另外同样受到大自然青睐但社会相对无序的国家生产更多的财富。

  一个国家的生活水平不只依赖于自己国内生产和消耗的财富,还依赖于国际贸易直接产生的财富。举例来说,如果英国只依赖国内生产,其食品和农产品就会很少,贸易使英国过剩的成品出售到国外换取本国缺乏的农产品成为可能。因此,一个国家的财富更多受它的制造能力的影响,假如能够发现其他国家准备好要接受其产品的话。

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