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2010年全国职称英语综合类(B级)考试真题及答案

2010-11-27 08:21   来源:外语教育网编辑整理       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

 第一部分:词汇选项(第1-15题,每题1分。共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1.Patricia stared at the other girls with resentment

  A.doubt

  B.anger

  C.love

  D.surprise

  2.I want to provide my boys with a decent education.

  A.speeial

  B.private

  C.good

  D.general

  3.Her father was a quiet man with graceful manners.

  A.polite

  B.similar

  C.usual

  D.bad

  4.There was a profound silence after his remark.

  A.short

  B.deep

  C.proud

  D.sudden

  5.The document was compiled by the Department of Health.

  A.printed

  B.attached

  C.written

  D.sent

  6.In the process,the light energy converts to heat energy.

  A.change

  B.reduces

  C.leaves

  D.drops

  7.Many cities have restricted smoking in public places.

  A.limited

  B.allowed

  C.stopped

  D.kept

  8.The thief was finally captured two miles away from the village.

  A.killed

  B.jailed

  C.caught

  D.found

  9.If we leave now,we should miss the traffic.

  A.mix

  B.avoid

  C.direct

  D.stop

  10.What are my chances of promotion if I stay here?

  A.advancement

  B.replacement

  C.retirement

  D.adveaisement

  11.We've seen a marked shift in our approach to the social issues.

  A.great

  B.clear

  C.quick

  D.regular

  12.Such a database would be extremely costly to set up

  A.update

  B.transfer

  C.destroy

  D.establish

  13.The two banks have announced plans to merge next year.

  A.combine

  B.break

  C.sell

  D.close

  14.I enjoyed the play-it had a clever plot and very funny dialogues.

  A.humorous

  B.Iong

  C.original

  D.boilng

  15.He's spent years cultivating a knowledge of art.

  A.denying

  B.using

  C.sharing

  D.developing

  第二部分:阅读判断(第16-22题,每题1分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  The Race into Space

  American millionaire Dennis Tito will always be famous.He was the first tourist in space."I spent sixty years on Earth and eight days in space and from my viewpoint, it was two separate lives,"Tito explained.He loved his time in space."Being in space and looking back at earth is one of the most rewarding experiences a human being can have."

  This kind of experience isn't cheap.It cost $ 20 million.However,Tito achieved his dream. so he was happy. "For me it was a life dream. It was a dream that began when I didn,t have any money,"he told reporters.

  On 30 April 2002,Mark Shuttleworth became the world's second space tourist.Shuttleworth is a South African businessman.At the age of twenty-eight.he also paid $ 20 million for the eightday trip.

  Both Tito and Shuttleworth bought their tickets from a company called Space Adventures.The company has around 100 people already on their waiting list for flights into space.The spaceship to take them doesn't exist yet.

  Many of the customdrs are people who like adventure.They are the kind of people who also want to climb Mount Qomolangma.Other customers are people who love space.However,these people are worried.Because it's so expensive,only very rich people can go into space.They want space travel to be available to more people.

  That day may soon be here.Inter Orbital Systems(IOS)plans to send up to four tourists a week into space.The tours will depart from an island in Tonga.The company promises a package that includes forty-five days of astronaut training in Russia and California,seven days in space,and a vacation in Tonga.for $2 million.

  However,space flight is still very dangerous.Bill Readdy is NASA's deputy assistant administrator for space flight.He says that the chances of dying are about 1 in 500.Because of this it may take time before space tourism really takes off.You might be able to go up,but will you come down?

  16.Dennis Tito was the first tourist in space.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  17.Mark Shuttleworth is an engineer from the United States.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  18.Both Tito and Shuttleworth have climbed Mount Qomolangma.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  19.Space Adventures has about 100 customers waiting for their travel into space.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  20.Space Adventures already has a spaceship.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  21.IOS will send its tourists into space from Tonga.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  22.Bill Readdy thinks space flight is very dangerous.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23-30题,每题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:

  (1)第23-26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2-5段每段选择1个最佳标题;

  (2)第27-30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Waste Not,Want Not

  1 Bob and Clara Darlington,who own and run a farm in the North of England,have alwayslooked for new ways of making money out of the produce they grow.Their SUCCESS began when theyestablished a shop on their farm,so that people could come and buy fresh vegetables directly fromthem.

  2 The business was an immediate SUCCESS,and soon scored top marks in a competition set upby the Farm Retail Association to find the best farm shop in the country.The Association's inspectorsfound the Darlingtons'shop offered excellent service and value for money as well as quality fruit andvegetable.

  3 Clara Darlington is a trained chef and,in addition to a range of home-grown foods andother local produce,she began offering a variety of prepared meals which she had made herself inthe farmhouse kitchen.A small cafe alongside the farm shop was soon added,with everything thatvisitors could taste on the menu also being for sale in the shop.

  4 Clara admits that starting the business was expensive,and she has worked very hard,butmaintains that if the product is good,the public recognize this and buy it."I aim to offer the highestquality to our customers,whether they come in for a loaf of bread,or take a whole dinner-partymenu.I take it as a compliment(恭维)if people take home one of my dishes to serve to their family and friends and get away with pretending they made it themselves."

  5 So it was that the couple realized that they had a surplus of misshapen or damaged vegetables grown on the farm which were unsuitable for selling in the shop.Clara,not wishing to see themget thrown away,decided to turn them into soup.

  6 The soup met with the immediate approval of customers to the shop and Clara now producesten different varieties.She spent much of the summer traveling up and down to London by rail,doing presentations of the soups.As a result,they are now served in first-class railway restaurant carsbelonging to three companies as well as being stocked by a number of high-class London stores.

  23.Paragraph 2_______________.

  24.Paragraph 3________________.

  25.Paragraph 4______________.

  26.Paragraph 5____________.

  A.Time well spent is rewarded

  B.Professional recognition is obtained

  C.A necessary alternative to farming

  D.Professional skills are exploited

  E.Continuing investment in high standards

  F.Ensuring that nothing gets wasted

  27.Bob an Clara Darlington established a shop to____________.

  28.Apart from quality fruit and vegetables,the couple____________.

  29.Instead of throwing the damaged vegetables away,the couple__________.

  30.Clara spent much of the summer going to London to____________.

  A.sell fresh vegetables

  B.sell as much as possible

  C.offer a variety of prepared meals

  D.turn them into soup

  E.fill a gap in the market

  F.promote her soups

  第四部分:阅读理解(第31-45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

  第1篇

  Immigration and Problems

  Hundreds of thousands of people supporting immigration rights in the US filled streets all over America in early 2006.Many held signs and American flags and asked to be treated as citizens-notcriminals.Many of these supported legislation from Senator John McCain that would open a path tocitizenship to immigrants who were already in the country illegally.Proposed legislation from otherpoliticians called for stricter measures-including rounding up undocumented immigrants and send.ing them back to their home countries.

  Canadian officials say that immigration applications continue to rise.Some want to keep thedoors open.They need the labor.About 400,000 immigrants were allowed into the country in 2005,according to the Canadian Government statistics.However,all this growth means that cities need toadapt.New comers don't always make a smooth transition into jobs for which they are skilled.So industries are using mentoring(辅导)programs to help new immigrants find proper jobs.

  With the large numbers of undocumented African immigrants arriving in the Canary Islands andshowing no sign of abating(减少),the Spanish Government has decided to get tough.There will beno more mass amnesties(特赦)for illegals,and anyone coming to Spain without permission will besent back,the government has announced.About 23,000 migrants(移民)landed on the islands in2006,and riots have erupted in some crowded reception centers.This has promoted local authoritiesto appeal to the United Nations for help.

  France's new immigration and integration law gives the government new powers to encouragehigh-skilled migration.It takes effect in 2007.The new law authorizes the government will helpthese identified employers find immigrant workers with needed skills or qualifications.The selectedforeign employees will be granted"skills and talents"visas.valid for three years.But some peopleshow the concern that it'll cause brain drain in developing countries.

  31.Many immigrants in the US took to the streets in early 2006,demanding that________.

  A.John McCain be removed.

  B.they be sent back home

  C.they be treated as citizens

  D.their culture be protected

  32.The expression"rounding up"in paragraph 1 could be best replaced by_________.

  A.encircling

  B.separating

  C.arresting

  D.frightening

  33.Canada is not very strict with immigration applications because___________.

  A.it is a large country

  B.it is suffering from labor shoaage

  C.its population is decreasing

  D.it is a multicultural country

  34.To solve the immigration problem,the Spanish Government has decided___________.

  A.to take tough measures against illegal immigration

  B.to let immigrants freely enter the country

  C.to integrate immigrants into the Spanish culture

  D.to help immigrants find proper jobs

  35.After France's new immigration and integration law takes effect,it will_________.

  A.encourage overseas students to return home

  B.bring damage to the unity of the country

  C.arouse anger among French workers

  D.make it hard for developing countries to keep talents

  第2篇

  The Iceman

  On a September day in 1991,two Germans were climbing the mountains between Austria andItaly.High up on a mountain pass,they found the body of a man lying on the ice.At that height(10,499 feet,or 3,200 meters),the ice is usually permanent,but 1991 had been an especiallywarm year.The mountain ice had melted more than usual and so the body had come to the surface.

  It was lying face downward.The skeleton(骨架)was in perfect condition,except for a woundin the head.There was still skin on the bones and the remains of some clothes.The hands were still holding the wooden handle of an ax and on the feet there were very simple leather and cloth boots.

  Nearby was a pair of gloves made of tree bark(树皮)and a holder for arrows.

  Who was this man?How and when had he died?Everybody had a different answer to thesequestions.Some people thought that it was from this century,perhaps the body of a soldier who diedin World War 1,since several soldiers had already been found in the area.A Swiss woman believedit might be her father,who had died in those mountains twenty years before and whose body hadnever been found.The scientists who rushed to look at the body thought it was probably much older,maybe even a thousand years old.

  With modern dating techniques,the scientists soon learned that the Iceman was about 5.300 years old.Born in about 3300 B.C.,he lived during the Bronze Age in Europe.At first scientiststhought he was probably a hunter who had died from an accident in the high mountains.More recent evidence,however,tells a different story.A new kind of X-rav shows an arrowhcad still stuck in his shoulder.It left only a tiny hole in his skin,but it caused internal damage and bleeding.He a1.most certainly died from this wound,and not from the wound on the back of his head.This meansthat he was probabb;in some kind of a battle.It may have been part of a larger war。or he may havebeen fighting bandits.He may even have been a bandit himself.

  By studying his clothes and tools,scientists have already learned a great deal from the Icemanabout the times he lived in.we may never know the full story of how he died,but he has give Us im.portant clues to the history of those distant times.

  36.The body of the Iceman was found in the mountains mainly because_________.

  A.he was lying on the ice

  B.he was just on a mountain pass

  C.the melted iee made him visible

  D.two Germans were climbing the mountains

  37.What can be inferred from paragraph 2?

  A.The Iceman lived a poor life.

  B.The Iceman could have died from the wound in the head.

  C.The Iceman was struck dead from behind.

  D.The Iceman was killed while working

  38.All the following are assumptions once made about the Iceman EXCEPT_________.

  A.he was a soldier in World War 1

  B.he was a Swiss woman's long-lost father

  C.he was born about a thousand years ago

  D.he came from Italy

  39.The scientists made the deduction that the Iceman_________.

  A.was probably in some kind of a battle

  B.had got a wound on the back of his head

  C.had a tiny hole in his skin causing his death

  D.was hit in the shoulder by an arrowhead

  40.The word"bandits"in paragraph 4 could be best replaced by_________.

  A.hunters

  B.shooters

  C.robbers

  D.soldiers

  第3篇

  Britain's Solo Sailor

  Ellen MacArthur started sailing when she was eight,going out on sailing trips with her aunt.

  She loved it so much that she saved her money for three years to buy her first small sailing boat.When she was 18.she sailed alone around Britain and won the"Young Sailor of the Year"award.

  But Ellen really became famous in 2001.Aged only 24,she was one of only two women who entered the Vendee Globe round the world solo race,which lasts 100 days.Despite many problems,she came second in the race out of 24 competitors and she was given a very warm welcome when she returned.

  Ambition and determination have always been a big part of Ellen's personality.When she wasyounger,she lived in a kind of hut(棚屋)for three years while she was trying to get sponsorship tocompete in a transatlantic race.Then she took a one-way ticked to France,bought a tiny seven meter class mini yacht,slept under it while she was repairing it,and then she raced it 4,000 kilometers across the Atlantic in 1997,alone for 33 days.

  Ellen has had to learn many things,because sailing single-handed means that she has to beher own captain,electrician,sail maker,engineer,doctor,journalist,cameraman and cook.She also has to be very fit,and because of the dangers of sleeping for long periods of time she' in themiddle of the ocean,she has trained herself to sleep for about 20 minutes at a time.

  And she needs courage.Once,In the middle of the ocean,she had to climb the mast(桅杆)of a boat to repair the sails-at four o'clock in the morning,with 100 kph winds blowing around her.It took her many hours to make the repairs.Ellen says。"1 was exhausted when I came down.It'shard to describe how it feels to be up there.It's like trying to hold onto a big pole,which for me isjust too big to get my alTOS around,with someone kicking you all the time and trying to shakeyou off."

  But in her diary,Ellen also describes moments which make it all worthwhile(值得的):"Abeautiful sunrise started the day,with black clouds slowly lit by the bright yellow sun.I have a verystrong feeling of pleasure,being out here on the ocean and having the chance to live this.I just feellucky to be here."

  41.In the Vendee Globe race,Ellen won________.

  A.a gold medal

  B.the"Best Women Sailor"award

  C.the second place

  D.the"Young Sailor of the Year"award

  42.Ellen lived in a kind of hut for three years___________.

  A.because she was interested in country life

  B.because she was ambitious for the coming race

  C.while she was learning how to repair sails

  D.while she was trying to get financial support for a race

  43.The word"solo"in the title could be best replaced by___________.

  A.self-starter

  B.single-handed

  C.one performer

  D.seIf-made

  44.According to paragraph 4,which of the following statements is NOT true?

  A.She has to be her own teacher.

  B.She has trained herself to sleep for about 20 minutes at a time.

  C.She has to be very fit.

  D.She has to learn to repair sails.

  45.How does Ellen feel about the Vendee Globe race?

  A.It is surprising.

  B.It is relaxing.

  C.It is dangerous.

  D.It is enjoyable.

  第五部分:补全短文(第46-50题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

  Semco

  At 21.Ricard0 Semler became boss of his father business in Brazil,Semco,which sold partsfor ships.Semler Junior worked like a madman,from 7:30 am,until midnight every day.One af-ternoon while touring a factory in New York he collapsed The doctor who treated him said

  "There,s nothing wrong with you.But if you continue like this,you'11 find a new home in our hospital."Semler got the message.He changed the way he worked.In fact,he changed the way his employees worked too.

  He let his workers take more responsibility so that they would be the ones worrying when things went wrong.He allowed them to set their own salaries,and he cut all the jobs he thought were unnecessary.like receptionists and secretaries.____________(46)."Everyone at Semco, even top managers,meets guests in reception does the photocopying,sends faxes,types letters and dials the phone."

  He eompletelv reorganized the office:instead of walls,they have plants at Semco,so bosses can't shut themselves away from everyone else.__________(47).As for uniforms,some people wear suits and others wear T-shirts.

  Semler says."We have a sales manager named Rubin Agater who sits there reading the newspaper hour after hour.He doesn't even pretend to be busy. But when a Semco pump on the otherside of the world fails and millions of gallons of oil are about to spill into the sea.Rubin springs intoaction._________(48).That's when he earns his salary.No one cares if he doesn't look busy therest of the time."

  Semco has flexible working hours:the employees decide when they need to arrive at work.Theemployees also evaluate their bosses twice a year.__________(49).

  It sounds perfect.but does it work?The answer is in the numbers:in the last six years.

  Semco's revenues have gone from$35 million to$212 million.The company has grown from eighthundred employees to 3,000.Why?

  Semler says it's because of"peer pressure".Peer pressure makes everyone work hard for every。one else.__________(50).In other words,Ricardo Semler treats his workers like adults and expectsthem to act like adults.And they do.

  A.This saved money and brought more equality to the company.

  B.He knows everything there is to know about our pumps and how to fix them.

  C.And the workers are free to decorate their workspace as they want.

  D.Most managers spend their time making it difficult for workers to work.

  E.If someone isn't doing his job well,the other workers will not allow the situation to contin'Ue.

  F.Also.Semco lets its workers use the company's machines for their own projeets,and makesthem take holidays for at 1east thirty days a year.

  第六部分:完形填空(第51-65题,每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  The Case of the Disappearing Fingerprints

  One useful anti-cancer drug can effectively erase the whorls and other characteristic marks thatgive people their distinctive fingerprints(指纹).Losing them could become troublesome.A case___________(51)online in a letter by Annals of Oncology(肿瘤学)indicates how big a_______ (52)of losing fingerprints is.

  Eng-Huat Tan.a Singapore-based medical doctor describes a 62-year old man who has usedcapecitabine to_________(53)his nasopharyngeal cancer(鼻咽癌).After three years on the (54),the patient decided to visit U.S.relatives last December.But he was stopped byU.S.customs officials__________(55)4 hours after entering the country when those officialscouldn't get fingerprints from the man.There were no___________(56)swirly marks appearing fromhis index finger.

  "U.S.customs has been fingerprinting incoming foreign visitors for years,"Tan says."unfortunately,for the Singaporean traveler,one potential__________(57)effect of his drug treatment is a smoothing of the tissue on the finger pads._________(58),no fingerprints."

  "It is uncertain when fingerprint_________(59)will begin to take place in patients who are taking capecitabine,"Tan points out.So he__________(60)any physicians who prescribe the drug to provide their patients with a doctor's_________(61)pointing out that their medicine may causefingerprints to disappear.

  Eventually,the Singapore traveler made it into the United States.I guess the name on his pass-port didn't raise any red flags.But he's also now got the explanatory doctor's note-and won't 1eavehome___________(62)it.

  By the way,maybe the Food and Drug Administration(美国食品药物管理局),_________(63)approved use of the drug 11 years ago,should consider updating its list of side effects________(64)with this medicine.The current list does note that patients may experience vomiting(呕吐),stomach pain and some other side effects.But no where___________(65)it mention the po.tential for loss of fingerprints.

  51.A.released B.suggested C.accepted D.detected

  52.A.problem B.gap C.sickness D.secret

  53.A.cut B.treat C.find D.smooth

  54.A.diet B.exercise C.recovery D.drug

  55.A.in B.for C.at D.from

  56.A.different B.strange C.interesting D.distinctive

  57.A.good B.side C.normal D.main

  58.A.However B.Meanwhile C.Hence D.Yet

  59.A.chance B.mark C.loss D.danger

  60.A.reports B.discourage C.cautions D.praise

  61.A.note B.name C.book D.number

  62.A.on B.out C.without D.off

  63.A.who B.when C.which D.where

  64.A.collected B.copied C.associated D.tested

  65.A.must B.does C.can D.shouId

2010年全国职称英语综合类(B级)考试参考答案

  第一题:词汇选项

  1. B[解析]"Patricia生气地瞪着其他的女孩。"resentment:愤恨。如:He shows no resentment to anyone.他不怨恨任何人。anger:愤怒。最符合题意。如:I cannot control my anger.我无法控制自己的愤怒。doubt:怀疑。如:There is no doubt that we will be successful.毫无疑问我们会成功。love:爱。如:Love conquers all.爱能战胜一切。surprise:惊奇。如:What apleasant surprise!多惊喜的事情呀!

  2. C[解析]"我想给儿子们提供体面的教育。"decent:体面的。如:decent clothes体面的服装。good:好的。最符合题意。如:good environment良好的环境。special:特别的。如:This is a special occasion.这是一个特殊的场合。private:隐私的。如:Fans are always curiousabout the singer's private life。歌迷总对歌星的私人生活感兴趣。general:普遍的。如:thegeneral readers一般的读者。

  3. A [解析]"她的父亲话语不多,举止优雅。"graceful:优雅的。如:The dancer waslight and graceful.舞者的舞姿轻盈优美。polite:有礼貌的。最符合题意。如:a polite behavior有礼貌的行为。similar:类似的。如:A word or phrase of similar meaning.意义相近的词或词组。usual:通常的。如:His speech followed the usual pattern.他按照通常的方式讲话。bad:坏的。如:a bad habit坏习惯。

  4. B [解析]"他讲完后有一阵意味深长的沉默。"profound:意义深远的。如:what shehas to say is very profound.她说的话很有意义。proud:骄傲的。如:a proud winner,骄傲的胜利者。short:短暂的。如:a shortjourney.短暂的旅行。sudden:突然的。如:a sudden attack突袭。deep:深刻的。最符合题意。如:a deep impression深刻的印象。

  5. C[解析]"这一文件由卫生部编辑。"compile:编辑。如:compile an encyclopedia编辑一本百科全书。write:写。最符合题目。如:He has written many books.他写过很多书。print:印刷。如:print the final copy of your essay.打印作文的终稿。attach:系,贴。如:attach a label to theproduct.给商品贴上商标。send:送。如:He sent her some flowers.他给她送了些花。

  6. A [解析]"在这个过程中,光能会转换成热能。"convert转换。如:convert iron tosteel变铁为钢。change:改变。最符合题意。如:change from an empty space to a busy area从空地变为繁华地区。reduce:减少。如:reduce the consumption of fuel减少燃料消耗。leave:留下。如:He left the book on the desk他把书留在桌上。drop:掉落。如:A bottle dropped on thefloor and smashed瓶子落在地上摔碎了。

  7. A[解析]"许多城市限制在公共场合抽烟。"restrict:限制。如:The trees restrict ourview.这些树阻碍我们的视野。limit:限制。最符合题意。如:He must limit the number of cigarettes he smokes.他必须限制抽烟的数目。allow允许。如:Please allow me to express my warnlwelcome to our guests.请允许我向来客表示热烈的欢迎。stop停止。如:Stop talking.别说话。keep保持。如:keep silence保持沉默。

  8. C [解析]"贼最终在距村子两英里的地方被抓住。"capture:捕获。如:capture territoriesby force of arms争城夺地。catch:抓住。最符合题意。如:Early birds catch wolTas:早起的鸟儿有虫吃。kill:杀害。如:He was killed in a car accident.他丧命于一场车祸。find:发现。如:Have youfound your key?找到钥匙了么?jail:监禁。如:He was jailed last month.他在上月被监禁。

  9. B[解析]"如果现在出发就能避免交通高峰。"miss:错过。如:I missed breakfastthis morning.今早我错过了吃早饭。direct:指挥。如:She directed the planning of the festival.她统管节日安排。stop:停止。如:Stop talking.别说话。mix:混合。如:Mix water and flour.将水和面粉混合。avoid:避免。最符合题意。如:Avoid making any noise.避免制造任何噪音。

  10.A[解析]"如果我留下,能有多大可能得到提拔?"promotion:升职。如:May I offermv congratulations on your promotion?请允许我为您的晋升向您道贺。retirement:退休。如:Y0ur retirement is really a great disappointment to me.您退休了,真是令我非常失望。advertisement:广告。如:This advertisement will capture the attention of TV audiences.这广告将引起电视观众的注意。advancement:晋升。最符合题意。如:His advancement to the position of managerwas greeted with enthusiasm.他被提升为经理,大家都为之欢呼。replacement代替。如:Theyhave got a replacement for him.他们把他替换下来。 外%语教育网编辑整理

  11.B [解析]"在解决这些社会问题上我们看到了明显的转变。"marked:明显的。如:marked increases明显的增长。clear:清晰的。最符合题意。如:a clear explanation清晰的解释。regular:规律的。如:regular heartbeats规律的心跳。Quick:迅速的。如:a quick answer迅速的回答。great:伟大的。如:a great career伟大的事业。

  12.D[解析]"建立这样的数据库成本会非常高。"set up:建立。如:set up an organization成立一个组织。transfer:转移。如:He was transferred to another department.他调到另一个部门了。destroy:破坏。如:The houses were destroyed in an earthquake.房屋在地震中毁坏。establish:成立。最符合题意。如:His grandfather established the family business in 1920.他的祖父在1920年成立了这个家族企业。update:更新。如:Have you updated the statistics in the report?你把报告中的数据更新了么?

  13.A[解析]"两家银行已宣布了明年合并的计划。"merge:联合。如:Rover is to mergewith the BMW.罗孚公司要和宝马公司合并。combine:合并。最符合题意。如:combine theories with practical experiences将实践经验和理论相结合。sell:出售。如:How can you sell suchan old car?你怎样能将这辆老车卖出去?close:关闭。如:Close the door please.请关门。break:打碎。如:break a vase打破花瓶。

  14.A[解析]"我喜欢这出戏,它有巧妙的情节和风趣的对话。"fltony:有趣的。如:afunny story有趣的故事。long:长的。如:long hair长发。boring:枯燥的。如:a boring person无聊的人。originall:最初的。如:Stick to the original plan.坚持原计划。humorous:幽默的。最符合题意。如:The film is at once Ilumorous antl nOVing.这部电影风趣又动人。

  15.D [解析]"他花费多年培养对艺术的学识。"cultirate:培养。如:I will cultirate thehabit of lauglater.我要培养笑的习惯。share:分享。如:we useclto sJaare everything.我们通常分享一切。use:使用。如:Use your mind.动动脑子。deny:否定。如:Can you deny the truth ofhis statement?你能否认他的声明是真实的吗?develop:发展。最符合题意。如:develop a lovefor music培养对音乐的喜爱。

  第二部分:阅读判断

  16.A[解析]"丹尼斯·蒂托是第一位太空游客。"文章第l段介绍了美国富翁丹尼斯·蒂托作为第一位太空游客的经历。因此,本题的答案为A。

  17.B [解析]"马克·沙特尔沃思是一位来自美国的工程师。"文章第3段指出马克·沙特尔沃思是一位南非商人。因此本题与文章内容不符。答案为B。

  18.C[解析]"蒂托和沙特尔沃思都攀登过珠穆朗玛峰。"文章第4段第1句指出:"蒂托和沙特尔沃思都是在一家称作太空探险的公司购买的太空旅行票。"而没有涉及攀登珠穆朗玛峰的信息。因此答案为C。

  19.A[解析]"太空探险公司有大约100名顾客等待去太空旅行。"文章第4段第2句提到:"这家公司已有一百多人在等待飞往太空的名单上登记。"本句与文章内容相符,因此,答案为A。

  20.B [解析]"太空探险公司已经拥有一架宇宙飞船。"文章第4段最后指出:"而携带他们的宇宙飞船目前并不存在。"因此,答案为B。

  21.A[解析]"太空轨道传送公司将从汤加群岛送它的游客加入太空。"文章第6段谈到了太空轨道传送公司的计划并指出太空旅行将从汤加群岛的一个岛屿出发,因此答案为A。

  22.A [解析]"贝尔·瑞迪认为太空航行是非常危险的。"文章最后一段提到贝尔·瑞迪指出太空旅行的死亡机遇是五百分之一。本题与文章内容相符。答案为A。

  参考译文

  造访太空

  美国百万富翁丹尼斯·蒂托将永远闻名于世,因为他是第一位太空游客。他解释道:"我在地球上度过了六十年,而在太空度过了八天。在我看来,这是两种完全不同的生活。"他热爱在太空的日子。"身处太空回看地球是一个人所能拥有的最有价值的经历之一。"

  这种经历是昂贵的,他花费了2000万美元。但是,蒂托实现了他的梦想,因此非常快乐。他告诉记者:"对我来说,这是一生的梦想。当我还没有钱时,这个梦想就产生了。"

  2002年4月30日,马克·沙特尔沃思成为世界第二位太空游客。沙特尔沃思是一个南非商人。二十八岁的他为八天的太空旅行同样支付了2000万美元。

  蒂托和沙特尔沃思都是在一家称作太空探险的公司购买的太空旅行票。这家公司已有一百多人在等待飞往太空的名单上登记,而将要携带他们的宇宙飞船目前并不存在。

  这些顾客中的许多人喜爱探险。他们也是那类想要攀登珠穆朗玛峰的人。另一些人则喜欢太空。但是,这些人担心,因为太空旅行过于昂贵,只有非常富有的人才可能加入太空。他们希望太空旅行应提供给更多的人。

  这一天也许很快到来。太空轨道传送公司(IOS)计划一周送四位太空游客进入太空。旅程将从汤加群岛的一个岛屿出发。这家公司承诺这个旅程包括在俄罗斯和加利福尼亚的四十五天的太空训练,七天的太空生活和在汤加群岛的度假,花费为两百万美元。

  但是,太空旅行依然是非常危险的。贝尔·瑞迪是美国国家航空航天局副助理署长。他指出,太空旅行的死亡机遇是五百分之一。正是由于这点,在太空旅行出发之前,要花费很多时间。你也许能够飞入太空,但是,能下来吗?

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子

  23.C [解析]该段讲到他们因为参加一场销售比赛,从而使出售农产品成为农场的另一个主业。所以题目应该是C,替代耕种的另外一种方法。

  24.B [解析]该段讲到因为参与农场商店的竞赛而得到国家农场协会的认可,于是克拉拉除了自家农场种的食物和本地出产的农产品外,还开设了一家小咖啡馆顺便出售自己的农产品,农场的经营越来越专业,并得到行业的认可。

  25.E[解析]克拉拉的经营之道是为顾客提供最优质的服务,所以题目应为E,继续高标准的投资。

  26.F[解析]克拉拉夫妇俩把那些不适合在商店出售的畸形的或是被弄坏的剩余蔬菜做成蔬菜汤,因此该段题目应该是确保没有浪费。

  27.A[解析]文章第一段提到他们在农场建了一个商店,"'people could come and buyfresh'vegetables directl'y from them."他们可以直接购买新鲜蔬菜了。

  28.C [解析]第2段的第l句"…in addition t0 a range of}lome-grown foods and other local procluce,she began offering a variety of preparecl meals"提供了答案。

  29.D [解析]第3段第l句"…not wishing to see tlaem get tlarown away,decided t0 turnthem into soup"提供了答案。

  30.B [解析]最后一段第2句说到她夏天的大部分时间乘坐火车沿着伦敦来回旅行,以展示自己的蔬菜汤,所以应该选C,销售尽量多的产品。

  参考译文

  俭以防匮

  鲍勃和克拉拉在英格兰北部经营着一个农场,他们一直在寻找从他们种植的植物中赚钱的方法。当他们在农场开设了一个商店后,由此人们能够直接从这里购买到新鲜的蔬菜,他们的成功也接踵而来。

  经营很快成功了,不久在国家农场零售协会评选最好的农场商店的竞赛中,他们赢得了最高分。协会的观察员发现克拉拉的商店不仅提供质优价廉的水果和蔬菜,而且提供优质的服务。

  克拉拉是一个训练有素的厨师,加之拥有种类众多的自己农场种植产品和其他当地产品,她开始在农舍厨房里提供各种各样她自己烹调的菜肴。不久一个小咖啡馆出现在农场商店旁边。游客在菜单中能够看到的所有菜肴商店里都有出售。

  克拉拉承认创业是昂贵的,而且她一直艰辛工作着。但是,如果产品好,公众承认并购买那就能维持下去。"无论他们是来买一片面包还是办理整个宴会,我的目标是给顾客提供最优质的服务。如果顾客把菜肴带回去与家人和朋友分享,并当作是自己烹制的,我会视此为对我工作的赞赏。"

  同时,这对夫妇意识到农场的那些畸形的或是碰伤的剩余蔬菜不适合在商店出售。克拉拉不愿意看到它们被浪费掉,于是决定把它们做成汤。

  这种汤很快受到客户的青睐。克拉拉现在提供十个不同种类的汤。她夏天的大部分时间乘坐火车沿着伦敦来回旅行,以展示自己做的蔬菜汤。结果,现在这些汤上了三家公司旗下的一流铁路餐厅的餐桌,一些伦敦高级商店也有它的存货。

  第四部分:阅读理解

  第1篇

  31.C [解析]"2006年在美国移民涌入街道,他们要求受到怎样的对待?"答案可以从第1段的第2句话中找到。这句话说的是:许多移民举着标语和美国国旗,要求按公民而不是罪犯对待。

  32.C [解析]"第l段中的短语'munding up'由哪个词替换最合适?"round up的意思是"逮捕,捕捉",C项中的"arrest"有"捕捉"的含义,因此正确。

  33.B[解析]"加拿大不严格限制移民申请的原因是什么?"答案可以从第2段中找到。前三句话是这么说的:加拿大官员说移民申请继续高涨。一些官员想开启移民之门,因为他们需要劳动力。

  34.A [解析]"为了解决移民问题,西班牙政府已经决定___________。"答案可以从第3段中找到。第1句话是这么说的,随着大批无证的非洲移民来到加那利群岛,并且没有表明有减弱的迹象,西班牙政府决定采取严厉的措施。

  35.D [解析]"法国的新的移民和融入法案生效后,会发生_______。"答案可以从最后一段的最后一句中找到。这句话是这么说的:但是有些人担心,这个法案会导致发展中国家的人才流失。

  参考译文

  移民问题

  2006年初,成千上万的支持移民权利的人们纷纷涌上美国的街头,他们打着标语,挥舞着国旗,要求被当作公民而非罪犯对待。他们中大部分人都支持参议员麦凯恩的立法。这个立法会为那些已经非法进入这个国家的移民指明一条取得公民身份的道路。而其他议员的提案则呼吁采取更为严厉的措施--包括将他们逮捕并记录在案或把他们遣送回国。

  加拿大政府称移民申请数量保持增长势头。有些人希望自家国门敞开,因为他们需要劳动力。据加官方数据显示,在2005年,大约有四十万人移民加拿大。然而,这些增长意味着城市需要使用这些移民。新来的移民在向他们擅长的工作领域过渡时也并非一帆风顺,因此,许多工业企业采用培训项目帮助他们找到合适的工作。

  随着大批的无证非洲移民来到加那利群岛,并且没有减弱的迹象,西班牙政府决定采取严厉的措施。政府宣布,对非法移民的大赦将不复存在,并且任何未获许可进入西班牙的人将一律被遣送回国。2006年,大约两万三千移民抵达群岛,一些拥挤的接待中心发生了暴乱。这些都促使当地政府向联合国需求帮助。

  法国新的移民和融入法案给予政府新的权利,以鼓励具有高技术的人才移民法国。这项法案于2007年生效。根据新法案,政府可以限定哪些是法国人才短缺的行业,然后帮助有关雇主寻找具备他们需要的技术或资格的移民。这项外来的雇员将获得"技术与人才"的签证,有效期为三年。但是这些人担心,这个法案会导致发展中国家的人才流失。

  第2篇

  36.C [解析]本题是细节考查题。冰人尸体被发现的原因在文章的第一段提到。选项A"他躺在冰上";选项B"他刚好在一个山口上";选项C"融化的冰将他暴露出来";选项D"两个德国人正在爬山"。因此只能选C。

  37.B[解析]本题是阅读理解能力考查题。"能从第二段推断出的是以下哪项?"选项A"冰人生活贫困";选项B"冰人有可能死于头部伤口";选项C"冰人背后受袭击而致死";选项D"冰人工作时被杀害"。原文是"它面朝下,除了头部有伤外,骨架状况很好",仅就此推断,冰人可能死于头部伤,因此答案是B。

  38.D [解析]本题是细节考查题。原题是下列哪项不属于人们对冰人作出的种种猜测。原文在第3段。选项A"他是一战时期的士兵";选项B"他是一位瑞士妇女失踪多年的父亲";选项C"他大约一千年前出生";选项D"他来自意大利"。D项所述在文中没有出现,因此答案是D。

  39.A[解析]本题是细节考查题。原题是科学家对冰人的推论是什么。原文在第4段。选项A"有可能参与过战斗"是推论;选项B"头后部有伤口"是事实而非推论;选项C"皮肤上的小孔导致他的死亡"不符合事实;选项D"他的肩膀被箭头刺伤"是事实而非推论。因此只能选A。

  40.C[解析]本题是阅读理解能力考察题。第4段"bandits"是什么意思?选项A"猎人":选项B"射击手";选项C"强盗";选项D"士兵"。因此只能选C。

  参考译文

  冰人

  1991年九月的一天,两位德国人正在攀登奥地利和意大利之间的山脉。在一个高处山口他们发现了一具躺在冰上的尸体。在这样的高度(10499英尺,或3200米),冰通常是常年不化的。但是1991年是特别暖的一年,山上的冰比从前消融得迅速,所以尸体才显露出来。

  他面朝下,除了头部有伤外,骨架状况很好。骨头上依然有皮肤和残余的衣物。尸体双手仍然握着斧头的木柄,双脚穿着简单的由皮革和布料做的靴子,他附近有树皮做的一双手套和一个箭筒。

  他是谁?他在什么时候怎样死去的?人人的解释都不同。有人认为他就是本世纪的人,有可能是二战时期阵亡的士兵,因为在这附近已经有士兵被发现了。一位瑞士妇女相信他是自己二十年前在这些山脉间去世的父亲,他的遗体一直没有被找到。赶去查看的科学家认为这一尸体可能更久远,它甚至有一千岁了。

  科学家们运用当代年代确定技术很快获悉这一冰人竞有5300岁了。他大约出生在公元前3300年,生活在欧洲的青铜器时代。起初科学家们认为他有可能在高山间打猎时出事故而身亡。然而最近的一些证据显示并非如此。新型的x光表明他的肩膀上有一个箭头,皮肤上只有一个小孔,但却导致内部损伤和失血。几乎可以肯定他死于这个伤,而不是脑后的伤口。

  这说明他有可能参与过战争,有可能是大型战争的一部分或者他和强盗搏斗过,甚至他本人就可能是强盗。

  通过研究他的衣服和工具,科学家们就已经知道有关冰人生活的时代的很多内容。我们有可能永远无法知道他死亡的真相,但是他给我们提供了了解那个远古时代的重要线索。

  第3篇

  41.C [解析]本题是细节题。文章第2段提到:"她是进入Vendee Globe环球个人帆船比赛的唯一的两个女选手之一。""尽管遇到了许多困难,在24名参赛的选手中她获得了第二名。"B选项与文章内容相符,因此,答案为B。

  42.D[解析]本题依然是细节考查题。文章第3段第2句指出:"为了努力获得资助去参加穿越大西洋的帆船比赛时,她在一个棚屋里住了三年。"选项D短语get financial supportfor a race与文章中短语get sponsorsllip to compete in a transatlantic lace同义。因此,D为答案。

  43.B [解析]本题为词汇辨析题。solo:唯一的;单独的。例如:The sole snle survivor of thecrash was a little baby.这次撞车的唯一幸存者是一个婴儿。single-handed:单人完成的;独自。例如:a single-handed voyage across the Atlantic.横渡大西洋的单人航行。

  44.A [解析]本题是细节判断题。通过文章第4段的仔细阅读,可以判断选项A"她必须是自己的教师"没有在这一段出现。因此,这个选项不符合文章内容。是本题的答案所在。

  45.D [解析]本题是阅读能力推断题。文章最后一段记述了Ellen当时的心情。通过句子"随着美丽的日出一天开始了,灿烂的阳光慢慢消除了乌云,心情非常快乐。在大海上有这样生活的机会,我感到很幸运。"清楚地表现出Ellen快乐的心情。因此,答案选择D。

  参考译文

  英国的单人帆船手

  八岁时,E1len MacAnher开始驾驶帆船与姑姑一起出海航行。她非常喜爱航海以至于用三年积攒下的钱购置了第一只小帆船。十八岁时,她独自驾驶帆船围绕英国航行并赢得了"年度青年水手"的称号。

  但是2001年Ellen才真正成名。这时她只有二十四岁,她是进入Venclee Globe环球个人帆船比赛的唯一的两名女选手之一。比赛进行了100天。尽管遇到了许多困难,在24名参赛的选手中她获得了第二名。回来时,她受到了非常热情的欢迎。

  雄心和决心已经是Ellen个性的重要成分。她很小的时候,为了努力获得资助去参加横渡大西洋的帆船比赛时,她在一个棚屋里住了三年。之后她购买了去法国的单程机票,购置了一个小小的七米级小型游艇,修理游船时,她睡在修理的船下。1997年,她独自驾驶帆船用了33天横渡大西洋,行驶了4000公里。

  Ellen必须学习许多东西,因为独自航行意味着自己要成为船长、电工、帆船修理工、工程师、医生、记者、摄影师和厨师。同时必须非常健康,因为在海上,长时间的睡觉是危险的,她已经训练到一次仅睡二十分钟。

  同时她必须充满勇气。一次,凌晨4点,在海上迎着每小时100公里的风速,她不得不爬上桅杆修理船帆。她花费了数小时修理。Ellen说:"下来时,我筋疲力尽了。难以描述那时的感觉。就像要抓住一个巨大的杆子,对我来说它太粗了,用胳膊不可能抱住。似乎有人一直在踢你并试图把你摇下去。"

  但是,在日记中,Ellen也记述所有值得度过的时刻。"随着美丽的日出一天开始了,灿烂的阳光慢慢消除了乌云,心情非常快乐。在大海上有这样生活的机会,我感到很幸运。"

  第五部分:补全短文

  46.A[解析]本题考查的是对上下文之间意义关系的理解和对文章细节的把握。上一句说到"他允许他们自己制定薪水,但会削减他认为不必要的,比如像接待员和秘书这样的工作",而下一句应该解释这种做法的原因。而选项A说明"这样可以减少开支,并给公司带来更多平等",与上下文联系最好,因此,选A。

  47.C [解析]本题考查的是对段落主旨的理解和对文章细节的把握。本段主要讲semler如何改造公司的外表,而选项中只有C提到这方面的内容,"员工可以随意装饰自己的工作空间"放在这里是和前后两句话的并列。因此,选C。

  48.B[解析]本题考查的是对上下文之间意义关系的理解和对文章细节的把握。上一句说到"但如果Semco在地球另一端的油泵坏了,上百万加仑的油即将注入大海时,R0bin就会立刻跳起来行动",下一句需要说到R0bin怎样行动,因此选项B"他了解关于我们公司油泵的任何事情,并能修理"最符合题目要求。

  49.F [解析]本题考查的是对段落主旨的理解和对文章细节的把握。这一段讲述了Semco给予员工的自由,而选项中只有F"Semc0也允许员工用公司的机器做自己的项目,并且一年至少能休假30天"与此内容相关,因此选F。

  50.E [解析]本题考查的是对上下文之间意义关系的理解。上一句说到同伴的压力让员工努力为他人工作,而下一句应具体解释这种压力如何发挥作用。选项E"如果有人表现不好,其他人会制止这一局面"延续了这一句的内容。因此选E。

  参考译文

  Semco

  21岁时,Ricardo Semler就成为父亲在巴西的公司Semco的老板,该公司出售轮船部件。年少的Semler每天从早上七点半直到深夜疯狂地工作着。有天下午当他在纽约参观工厂时晕倒了,治疗医生说:"你身体没有什么毛病,但你若一直这样工作,你会长期待在医院的。"semler听从了医生的话。他改变了自己的工作方式,事实上也改变了员工的工作方式。 他让员工担负更多责任,让他们为事情偏离轨道而担忧。他允许他们自己制定薪水,但会削减他认为不必要的,比如像接待员和秘书这样的工作。这样可以减少开支,并给公司带来更多平等。Semco的每个人,甚至高管都要自己接待客人,复印、发传真、打字和打电话。

  他完全改造了Semco:办公室没有墙,而是植物,因此老板不能与其他人隔开。员工可以随意装饰自己的工作空间。制服方面,则有人穿西装,有人穿T恤。

  semler说:"我们有个坐在那里看几个小时报纸的销售经理,叫Rubin Agater。他甚至不用去装很忙碌的样子。但如果Semco在地球另一端的油泵坏了,上百万加仑的油即将注入大海时,Robin就会立刻跳起来行动。他了解关于我们公司油泵的任何事情,并能修理。这就是他挣工资的时候,别人并不关心其他时间他是否看上去忙忙碌碌。

  Semco有弹性工作时间:员工自己决定什么时候来上班,并且一年要两次评估老板。Semco也允许员工用公司的机器做自己的项目,并且一年至少能休假30天。

  听上去很好?但这一切都起作用了么?答案在数字中:在过去的六年里,semco的收入从三千五百万美元上升到两亿一千二百万美元。公司员工数量从800增长到3000。为什么会发生这一切?

  Semler认为这是因为"同伴的压力"。同伴的压力让员工努力为他人工作。如果有人表现不好,其他人会制止这一局面。换句话说,Ricardo Semler给员工以成人的待遇,并希望他们有成人的行为。他们都做到了。

  第六部分:完形填空

  51.A[解析]release公布;suggest建议;accept接受;detect探测。根据下文内容,这里应该是"一个被肿瘤学年报在网上公布的信件",因此选A。

  52.A [解析]problem问题;gap间隙;sickness疾病;secret秘密。根据下文内容,这里应该是"失去指纹会带来多大麻烦",因此选A。

  53.B[解析]cut裁剪;treat治疗,最符合题意;6nd发现;smooth磨光。本句意思是"一个新加坡籍的医学博士描述了用卡培他滨治疗一位患鼻咽癌的62岁老人的经历"。因此选B。

  54.D [解析]diet饮食;exercise锻炼;recovery康复;drug药品,最符合题意。本句意思是"经过这个药物三年的治疗后"。因此选D。

  55.B [解析]介词for在这里指"持续……时间"。本句意思是"他被美国海关人员拦截了四小时之久"。因此选B。

  56.D [解析]different不同的;strange奇怪的;interesting有趣的;distinctive独特的,最符合题意,指人手指上特有的漩涡状的指纹。本句意思是"因为在他的食指上没有独特的漩涡状的指纹标记"。因此选D。

  57.B [解析]本题考查词组side effect副作用。Good好的;:normal正常的;main主要的。本句意思是"药物治疗的一个潜在的副作用就是会使指尖上的肉垫组织变光滑"。因此选B。

  58.C [解析]}lowever但是,表示转折;meanwhile同时;hence因此,后面可以直接跟名词而独立成句,如:I fell off my bike yesterday Jaence the bmises.我昨天骑自行车摔倒了,所以青一块、紫一块的;yet仍然,还。本句意思为"药物治疗的一个潜在的副作用就是会使指尖上的肉垫组织变光滑,因此会没有指纹"。因此选C。

  59.C [解析]chance机会;mark记号;loss消失,最符合题意;danger危险。本句的意思是"对于服用卡培他滨的病人来说,指纹何时会消失是不确定的"。因此选C。

  60.C[解析]report报告;discourage使气馁;caution警告,最符合题意;praise赞美。本句意思是"所以他警告每位医师在给病人开药时要给病人开具他们的药物可能会使指纹消失的证明单"。因此选C。

  61.A[解析]note票据,单子,最符合题意;name姓名Ibook书本;humber数字。本句意思是"给病人开具他们的药物可能会使指纹消失的证明单"。因此选A。

  62.C [解析]本句意思是"但是他同样要带有医师开的证明单--并且要随身携带"。因此只能选C,witlaout。

  63.C [解析]本句需要选一个关系代词引导非限定定语从句,并做定语从句的主语,因此只能选C,which。本句意思是"美国食品和药物局已经准许这一药物的使用有11年之久了"。

  64.C [解析]collect收集;copy模仿;associate联系,最符合题意;test测验。本句意思是"应该考虑更新与该药物有关的副作用清单"。

  65.B [解析]本句是时间状语no wllere提前构成的部分倒装句,谓语要由助动词doe$放在主语前。本句意思是"但是却没有提及失去指纹的潜在危险。"因此选B。

  参考译文

  指纹消失事件

  一种非常有效的抗癌药物能够清除箩状指纹和其他使指纹与众不同的标志。失去指纹可是会有很大麻烦。一封被肿瘤学年报在网上公布的信件说明了失去指纹会带来多大麻烦。

  Eng-Huat Tan,一个新加坡籍的医学博士描述了用卡培他滨治疗一位患鼻咽癌的62岁老人的经历。经过三年的治疗后,这位病人去年十二月份决定去美国拜访亲戚。在他进入这个国家后,他被美国海关人员拦截了四小时之久,因为这些官员无法从他身上获取指纹。在他的食指上没有独特的漩涡状的指纹标记。

  "美国海关数年以来一直都会采集来访外国人的指纹,"Tan说:"不幸的是,对于这位新加坡旅行者来说,药物治疗的一个潜在的副作用就是会使指尖上的肉垫组织变光滑,因此会没有指纹。"

  "对于服用卡培他滨的病人来说,指纹何时会消失是不确定的。"Tan指出。所以他警告每位医师在给病人开药时要给病人开具他们的药物可能会使指纹消失的证明单。

  最终,那位新加坡旅客终于进入了美国。我猜想他护照上的名字没有带有任何危险信号,但是他同样要带有医师开的证明单--并且要随身携带。

  顺便提一下,美国食品药物管理局已经准许这一药物的使用有11年之久了,应该考虑更新与该药物有关的副作用清单。现有的副作用清单中确实列出病人会经历呕吐、胃痛和其他副作用,但是却没有提及失去指纹的潜在危险。

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