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英语专八考试改错模拟题汇总:on progress

2012-12-17 10:30

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Why does the idea of progress loom so large in

the modern world? Surely because progress of particu-

lar kind is actually taking place around us and is more

and more manifesting. Although mankind has underg- __1__

one no general improvement in intelligence or morali-

ty, it has made extraordinary progress in the accumu-

lation of knowledge. Knowledge begins to increase as __2__

soon as the thoughts of one individual could be com-

municated to another by mean of speech. With the in- __3__

vention of writing, knowledge could be communicated

and stored. Libraries made education possible, and

education in turn added libraries: the growth of knowl- __4__

edge followed a kind of compound-interest law,

which was greatly enhanced by the invention of print-

ing. All this was comparatively slow until, with the

coming of science, the tempo was suddenly risen. __5__

then knowledge began to be accumulated according to

a systematic plan. However, as soon as new knowl- __6__

edge is acquired, it is now turned to practical ac-

count. What is called “modern civilization” is not the

result of a balanced development of all man’s nature,

but not of accumulated knowledge applied to practical __7__

life. The problem now facing humanity is: what is go-

ing to be done with all this knowledge? Like is often __8__

pointed out, knowledge is a two edged weapon which

could be used equally for good or evil. It is now being __9__

used indifferently for both. Could any spectacle, for

instance, be more grimly whimsical than that gunners __10__

using science to shatter men’s bodies while, close at

hand, surgeons use it to restore them.

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