全国英语等级考试辅导热招
您的位置:外语教育网 > 全国英语等级考试 > 经典题库 > 模拟试题 > 正文

全国英语等级考试(PETS)三级每日一练:阅读(11月15日)

2016-11-15 18:51   来源:外语教育网整理       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

外语教育网为考生们精心整理了全国英语等级考试(PETS)/公共英语三级“每日一练”习题(第2016年11年15月日期),欢迎积极参与学习!更多精彩信息,请关注本站。

Technology has been an encouragement of historical change. It acted as such a force in England beginning in the eighteenth century, and across the entire Western World in the nineteenth. Rapid advances were made in the use of scientific findings in the manufacture(制造)of goods, which has changed ideas about work. One of the first changes was that other forms of energy have taken the place of human power. Along with this came the increased use of machines to manufac- ture products in less time.

People also developed machines that could produce the same parts for a product: each nail was exactly like every other nail, meaning that each nail could be changed for every other nail. This means that goods could be mass produced, though mass production required breaking production down into smaller and smaller tasks.

Once this was done, workers no longer started on the product and labored to complete it. In- stead, they might work only one thousandth of it, other workers completing their own parts in certain order. There is nothing strange about this manufacturing work by today's standards. Highly skilled workers were unable to compare with the new production techniques, as mass production allowed goods of high standard to be produced in greater number than could ever be done by hand. But the skilled worker wasn't the only loser, the common workers lost too. Similar changes forced farmers away. The increased mechanization(机械化)of agriculture freed masses of workers from ploughing the land and harvesting its crops. They had little choice but to stream toward the rapidly developing industrial centers. Increasingly, standards were set by machines. Workers no longer owned their own tools, their skill was no longer valued, and pride in their work was no longer possible. Workers fed, looked after and repaired the machines that could work faster than humans at greatly reduced cost.

1. In this passage, which of the following is NOT considered as a change caused by the use of scientific findings in the production of goods?

A. Other forms of energy have taken the place of human power.

B. The increased exploitation of workers in the 19th century.

C. The increased use of machines to make products in less time.

D. The use of machines producing parts of the same standard.

2. The underlined word "this" in the fLrSt paragraph refers to

A. the use of scientific findings

B. the practice of producing the same parts for a product

C. the human power being replaced by other forms of energy

D. the technology becoming the encouragement of historical change

3. The underlined word "this" in the second paragraph refers to the change that

A. each nail could be taken the place of by every other nail

B. each nail was exactly like every other nail

C. producing tasks became smaller and smaller

D. goods could be mass produced

4. According to the writer, highly skilled workers

A. completely disappeared with the coming of the factory system

B. were dismissed by the boss

C. were unable to produce goods of high standard

D. were unable to produce fine goods at that same speed as machines

5. According to the passage, what did the farmers have to do with the coming of mechanization of agriculture?

A. Many of them had to leave their farmland for industrial centers.

B. They stuck to their farm work.

C. They refused to use machines.

D. They did their best to learn how to use the machines.

 

相关资讯:
网站导航:
 四六级 指南 动态 经验 试题 资料  托福 指南 动态 经验 留学 备考
 雅思 指南 动态 机经 经验 辅导  公共英语 指南 动态 备考 试题 辅导
 日语 就业 辅导 留学 考试 报考  法语 资料 文化 考试 留学 辅导
 韩语 入门 口语 阅读 留学 文化  西语 辅导 资料 考试 留学 风采
PETS三级
超值套餐
超值优惠套餐=基础学习班+真题精讲班+冲刺串讲班
450元/门 课时:50课时
PETS三级
基础学习班
紧扣教材大纲,逐章系统讲解
300元/门 课时:30课时
PETS三级
真题精讲班
精讲历年真题,直击命题精髓
100元/门 课时:10课时
PETS三级
冲刺串讲班
梳理重要考点,预测命题方向
100元/门 课时:约10课时
PETS二级
冲刺串讲班
系统讲解考点,提高应试技巧
100元/门 课时:约10课时
学员 geege:
听了PETS的试听课程感觉真的很好,我立即报了名。我相信在老师的教导下,我一定会取得好成绩!老师的讲课很精彩,我还把它介绍给了我的同事和同学,谢谢老师们的帮助!
学员 noa:
外语教育网给我们学习外语提供了一个很好的平台,在这里有各个级别各个层次的英语学习资料,是块外语学习的风水宝地,希望外语网越办越好!!
学员 yongping:
去年PETS2级顺利的考过了,这得感谢网校的刘老师,今年会继续报网校的PETS3辅导,希望我能顺利通过考试。
学员 xiaobuding00:
PETS的课程不错,老师讲得很细,又不失生动活泼。今年顺利通过了2级,明年继续考3级,还报外语教育网的课~
学员 wrfxc:
考前多亏看了刘勇老师的pets课程,哈哈,顺利过关!多谢!
学员 ghjncv:
PETS张卫东老师讲课清晰、明了,我受益匪浅!
学员 freeg:
今天感谢外语教育网这段时间对我的培训,公司因为看到我最近英文的不断成长,昨天决定把公费读研的名额给我,虽然需要去参加考试,但是正是因为有了这个平台,才让我自己可以约束自己学习。老外客户对我最近这几个月的听力、口语提升有了肯定,项目也进展得顺利,年度业绩很OK。所以在此感谢!
学员 yuitd:
网校就像是自己身边的良师益友,遇到问题后直接提问老师,感谢老师们以最快的速度给予最满意的解答,谢谢网校这个好朋友。
版权声明
   1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
电话:010-82319999-2371