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Text 2

Parents might say “honesty is the best policy,” but when it comes to talking with their own children, mom and dad lie surprisingly often, finds a new study carried out by researchers in the University of Toronto, Canada.

Almost every parent in the study admits having come up with some tales to influence a child’s actions and feelings. For example, a parent is annoyed by a child’s crying and says, “The police will come to get you if you don’t stop crying now.” In another example, an uncle has just died and the child is told that he has become a star to watch over the child.

Whether parents lie to benefit themselves or to protect the child, researchers suggest such tall tales could give children mixed messages at a time when they are trying to figure out how to deal with the social world.

Lies could also harm the parent-child relationship. It could even keep children from learning certain rules. “If I am always lying to the child in order to get the child to do X, Y, or Z, then they have never learned why they should do X, Y, or Z.” Heyman, one of the researchers, said.

Heyman also said, “It is common for parents to try out various ways, including lying, to guide a child, but most parents never think about how it will influence their child. I think parents should figure it out in advance what their general beliefs are, so when it comes to the situation you’re working with your beliefs rather than what comes into your head at the moment.”

60.What did the researchers find out in their recent study?

[A] Most parents are strict with their children.

[B] Many parents like to tell police stories.

[C] Few parents believe in honesty.

[D] Parents often lie to children.

61.What do the underlined words “tall tale” in paragraph 3 mean?

[A] a story mixed with lies.

[B] a story based on truth and facts.

[C] a story too long to be interesting.

[D] a story beyond children’s understanding.

62.According to the research, how may children be affected by their parents’ lies?

[A] They may fall behind in school.

[B] They may lie to their parents too.

[C] They may get confused about the society.

[D] They may feel they are being overprotected.

63.What’s Heyman’s suggestion for parents?

[A] Teach their children about rules.

[B] Guide their children on sound beliefs.

[C] Influence their children in various ways.

[D] Figure out children’s problems in advance.

Text 3

When Tom Szaky sees a juice container thrown away, he doesn’t see rubbish; he sees a pencil case. Sweet wrappers (包装纸)? A beautiful kite. But these are not the imaginings of a dreamer. For the 28-year-old CEO of Trenton, New Jersey-based TerraCycle, they’re a business model.

The fast-talking Szaky is leading the new industry of upcycling. Instead of recycling (shredding or breaking down materials and enabling them to be reproduced as other products), TerraCycle takes packaging headed for landfills (垃圾填埋) and reuses it - more or less whole. TerraCycle’s 85 employees make nearly 200 products, sold at shops such as Petco, Kmart, Whole Foods Market, and Target.

Szaky’s $7.4 million company, now also moving ahead in Mexico, Canada, the United Kingdom and Brazil is a far cry from the business he founded with classmate Jon Beyer in 2002 as a freshman at Princeton University. The two entered a business competition with a plan to sell an organic plant fertilizer () made from worm waste. They lost the competition but started the business anyway.

With their goal - to make products entirely out of rubbish - suddenly clear, Szaky knew the time was right to drop out of Princeton.

TerraCycle’s first product used dining-hall waste to feed the worms and thrown-away bottles to package the fertilizer. The result: a cheap, green breakthrough. Word spread, and in 2004, Home Depot began carrying the fertilizer in its Canadian stores.

To Szaky, waste does not exist in nature. TerraCycle is a “second chance” employer of, say, a piece of furniture, an ice-cream container. As Szaky points out: “The biggest problem with most green, fair-trade, and organic products is that they tend to cost more. At TerraCycle, everything is made from rubbish, and rubbish is free. People should be able to protect the planet without having to pay a cost for that right.”

64.Who is Tom Szaky?

[A] A student at Princeton University.

[B] The manager of a food company.

[C] An employee of Home Depot.

[D] CEO of TerraCycle.

65.What do we know about the new industry of upcycling?

[A] It puts waste materials directly into new use.

[B] It promotes completely natural foods.

[C] It buries waste materials in landfills.

[D] It makes organic plant fertilizer.

66.How did Szaky get the idea of upcy cling?

[A] From his visits to foreign companies.

[B] From his studies at Princeton University.

[C] Through shopping at big stores in America.

[D] Through the experience of a business competition.

67.What is the advantage of upcy cling according to Szaky?

[A] The cost is kept low.

[B] The product is free.

[C] The product has a longer life.

[D] More materials are available

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