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2017年6月大学英语四级听力真题及答案(已附选项)

2017-06-17 12:10   来源:外语教育网整理       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

短篇新闻第一篇:

One of Google's self-driving cars crashed into a bus in California last month. There were no injuries.

It is not the first time one of Google's famed self-driving cars has been involved in a crash, but it may be the first time it has caused one.

On February 14th the self-driving car, travelling at 2mph (3km/h), pulled out in front of a public bus going 15mph (24km/h).

The man in the Google vehicle reported that he assumed the bus would slow down to let the car out, and so he did not switch to the manual mode.

In a statement, Google said: "We clearly bear some responsibility, because if our car hadn't moved, there wouldn't have been a crash."

That said, our test driver believed the bus was going to slow or stop to allow us to merge into the traffic, and that there would be sufficient space to do that."

The company's self-driving cars have done well over a million miles across various states in the US, and until now have only reported minor accidents.

Q1: According to Google, what was the cause of the accident?

1.A.The man in the car was absent-minded.

B. The test driver made a wrong judgment.

C. The self-driving system was faulty.

D. The car was moving at a fast speed.

Q2: How have Google’s self-driving cars performed so far?

2. A.They have done better than conventional cars.

B. They have caused several severe crashes.

C. They have posed a threat to other drivers.

D. They have generally done quite well.

短篇新闻第二篇:

Thousands of bees left a town after landing on the back of a car when their queen got stuck in its boot. Tom Moses who works at a nearby national park, noticed a “brown patch” on the back of the car after the owner parked it to do some shopping. When he looked closer he realized it was a huge group of bees.

Moses said: “I have never seen that many bees in one spot. It was very unusual. They were very close together and there was a lot of noise and movements, it was interesting to see such a strange sight. But there were a lot of people around and I was a bit worried about the bees and the people stopping to look. I thought that someone might do something stupid.

Moses called two local bees specialists who helped removed the bees by attracting them into a box.

Moses spent three hours looking after the bees and was stung five times, he said my stings are a bit painful but I am pleased that all worked out and I could help, people need to realize that bees are valuable and they should be looked after.

Q3. What do we learn about Tom Moses?

3. A.He works at a national park.

B.He is a queen bee specialist.

C.He removed the Beyonce from the boot.

D.He drove the bees away from his car.

Q4. What do we know about the bees on the back of the car?

4. A.They were looking after the queen.

B.They were making a lot of noise.

C.They were looking for a new box to live in.

D.They were dancing in a unique way.

短篇新闻第三篇:

A new species of snake has been discovered on a remote island in the Bahamas.

Scientists identified 20 of the one meter-long snakes during two trips to the Caribbean islands. The second trip was made in October last year.

One of the creatures made a dramatic appearance by moving on to the head of the team leader as he slept.

The snake has been named silver boa because it is metallic colored and the first specimen found was climbing a silver palm tree.

The team was led by Dr. Graham Reynolds, from Harvard University, the scientist confirmed the snake was a previously unknown species after conducting a genetic analysis of tissue samples.

Commenting on the find, snake expert Robert Henderson from the Museum of Natural History, said: “Worldwide new species of frogs are being discovered and described quite regularity. New species of snakes, however, are much rarer.

Q5. What is the news report mainly about?

5. A.The discovery of a new species of snake.

B.The second trip to a small remote island.

C.The finding of 2 new species of frog.

D.The latest test on a rare animal species.

Q6. What do we learn about the scientific team leader?

6. A.A poisonous snake attacked him on his field trip.

B.He discovered a rare fog on a deserted island.

C.A snake crawled onto his head in his sleep.

D.He fell from a tall palm tree by accident.

Q7. How did the newly discovered creature get its name?

7. A.From its genes.

B.From its length.

C.From its origin.

D.From its colour.

长对话第一篇:

W: Did you enjoy your stay with us, Mr. Brown?

M: Yes, very much. I had a wonderful time here. Now I'm going to the airport. My flight leaves in less than 2 hours. So, could you tell me, what's the quickest way to get there?

W: Well, we can call a taxi for you. We also have a free airport shuttle service.

M: That sounds great, but will the shuttle get me to the airport in time?

W: Yes, it should. The next shuttle leaves in 15 minutes. And it takes some 25 minutes to get to the airport.

M: Fantastic! I'll just wait in the lobby. Will you please let me know when it's leaving?

W: Of course, sir.

M: Now I would like to settle my mini-bar bill. How much is that?

W: Let's see. It comes to $37.50. How would you like to pay for it?

M: I'll pay with my credit card. Thanks. But I'll need a receipt, so I can charge it to my company.

W: Absolutely! Here you are, sir. If you like, I can leave your bags with the porter. And he can load them onto the shuttle for you when it arrives.

M: That would be great. Thank you.

W: Would you like to leave a comment on our web page when you have time?

M: Sure. I had a really good stay here, and I'd like to recommend your hotel to my friends and colleagues.

W: That’s very kind of you. Thank you again for staying at Sheraton Hotel.

Q8. Why does the man ask about the quickest way to the airport?

8. A.The security check takes time.

B.He has to check a lot of luggage.

C.His flight is leaving in less than 2 hours.

D.The airport is a long way from the hotel.

Q9. How is the man going to pay his bill?

9. A.in cash.

B.By credit card.

C.With a traveler’s check.

D.With his smart phone.

Q10. What did the man ask the woman to do?

10. A.Give him a receipt.

B.Confirm his flight.

C.Look after his luggage.

D.Find a porter for him.

Q11. What favor does the woman ask of the man?

11. A.Signing up for membership of S. Hotel.

B.Staying in the same hotel next time he comes.

C.Loading her luggage onto the airport shuttle.

D.Posting a comment on the hotel’s webpage.

长对话第二篇:

Long conversation 2

M: You know, Ben’s given up making those terrible faces he used to make. The other day, he came home from school almost in tears. His teacher said if he went on like that, his face would get stuck when the winds changed.

W: And he believed her?

M: Yeah, he’s only a little boy. Don’t you remember all those things we used to believe when we were little? I remember my aunt Mary used to say if you swallow a cherrystone, a tree would grow out of your mouth. And I’m still terrified today, sort of subconsciously. You know, if I swallow one by mistake…

W: Yeah, I suppose you're right. The one that used to get me was that swans could break your leg when they blow of the wing.

M: They can, can’t they? I always thought they could.

W: No, they are not that strong. But there’s another one even more terrifying. That is, if you put a post stamp on upside down, you will go to prison.

M: No, never heard of that. But my grandmother was a terror for that kind of thing. For example, she would say, you will get a spot on your tongue if you tell a lie. If you eat stale bread, your hair will curl. And here’s one more. We went on a campaign trip once in Italy, and my wife spent the whole time worrying about bats getting into her hair. She said her grandmother reckoned you had to shave your head to get it out. My wife was really terrified.

W: Silly, isn’t it? But that’s how some parents try to keep their kids from doing the wrong thing or getting into trouble.

Q12: What does the man say about Ben?

12. A.He is the only boy in his family.

B.He becomes tearful in wind.

C.He has stopped making terrible faces.

D.He is his teacher’s favorite student.

Q13: What did aunt Marry used to do when the man was a child?

13. A.Tell him to play in her backyard.

B. Do sth funny to amuse him.

C.Give him some cherry stones to play with.

D.Warn him of danger by making up a story.

Q14: What does the woman believe swans could do?

14. A.They could break pp’s legs.

B.They could sometimes terrify adults.

C.They could fly against a strong wind.

D.They could knock pp unconscious.

Q15: What did the grandmother of the man’s wife say?

15. A.One would get a spot on their tongues if they told a lie deliberately.

B.One would have to shave their head to remove a bat in their hair.

C.One would go to prison if they put a stamp on upside down.

D.One would have curly hair if they ate too much stale bread.

听力篇章第一篇:

If I could go back in history and live when I liked, I wouldn't go back very far. In fact, I'd like to relive a period I've already lived – the 1960s.

I was in my twenties, and everything was being renewed. People would come in out of a formal and almost Victorian attitude, and you really felt anything was possible. Meeting people was the thing, and you went to coffee bars where you met friends and spent the evening. The cinema, the theater, all that was every exciting with new things coming out. In fact, we seemed to be out, all the time! I don't really remember working – of course, I was a student – or sitting around at home very much. That just wasn't where the scene was, even eating! It was the first time, ordinary people started going out to eat. We were beginning to be adventurous about food, but we were more interested in meeting people than in eating or drinking. And dress, yes, that was the revolution. I mean, girls went around in really short skirts, and wore flowers in their hair. And men were in jeans, and could wear their hair long too. It was a wonderful period. It was like living in an age you could never have imagined, and that never has come back. We didn't have much money, but it didn't matter. And there was plenty of opportunity to do whatever you felt like doing.

Question 16 – 18 are based on the passage you have just heard:

16. Why does the speaker say he would like to relive the 1960s?

17. What does the speaker say was the most popular thing to do at that time?

18. What do we learn about the speaker?

听力篇章第二篇:

Dogs, man's best friends, have a clear strategy for dealing with angry owners—they look away.

New research shows that dogs limit their eye contact with angry humans. The scientists suggest this may be an attempt to calm humans down. This behavior may have evolved as dogs gradually learned they could benefit from avoiding conflicts with humans.

To conduct the tests, the University of Helsinki researchers trained 31 dogs to rest in front of a video screen. Facial photos of dogs and humans were displayed on the screen for 1.5 seconds. They showed threatening, pleasant and neutral expressions. Nearby cameras tracked the dogs' eye movements.

Dogs in the study looked most at the eyes of humans and other dogs to sense their emotions. When dogs looked at expressions of angry dogs, their eyes rested more on the mouth, perhaps to interpret the threatening expressions. And when looking at angry humans, they tended to turn away their gaze.

Dogs may have learned to detect threat signs from humans and respond by trying to make peace, according to researcher Sanni Somppi. Avoiding conflicts may have helped dogs develop better bonds with humans.

The researchers also note that dogs scan faces as a whole to sense how people are feeling, instead of focusing on a given feature. They suggest this indicates that dogs aren't sensing emotions from a single feature, but piecing together information from all facial features just as humans do.

Q19. What do dogs do when they are faced with angry humans?

Q20. What does a dog do when it sees the expressions of angry dogs?

Q21. How does a dog sense people's feelings?

听力篇章第三篇:

Winter in many places is very cold. There is lots of snow around, and the ground freezes, which can make life difficult for animals. People in cold places live in warm houses and have learned to adapt. What do animals do? There are three main ways that animals survive the cold in winter: sleep, adapt or migrate.

Some animals, such as bears, frogs and snakes, sleep all winter. They sleep very deeply and need little or no food. While sleeping, their body temperature drops, and their heart beat slows down. To prepare for this before winter, these animals eat extra food to become fat, which gives them the energy they need while they sleep.

Other animals adapt. For example, by staying active in winter. It is often hard for them to find food. So some animals, such as mice, collect extra food before winter, and hide it. When winter comes, they return to their hiding places to eat the food. Some animals grow thicker fur, or live in tree holes or underground to stay warm.

Some birds migrate by flying to a warmer place for the winter, where they can find more food. Some fly very long distances, including one kind of bird that flies from the remote north of the world, all the way to the distant south. Some birds fly in groups for safety, while others fly alone.

Questions 22-25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. What does the speaker say about animals in winter?

23. What do we learn about animals that sleep through winter?

24. How do animals like mice adapt to the severe winter?

25. Why do some birds fly in groups when migrating, according to the speaker?

参考答案:

SectionA News

1 B The test driver made a wrong judgement

2 D They have generally done quite well.

3 A He works at a national park.

4 B They were making a lot of noise.

5 A The discovery of a new species of snake.

6 C A snake crawled onto his head in his sleep.

7 D From its colour.

SectionB Conversation

conversation1

8 A The security check takes time.

9 B By credit card.

10 A Give him a receipt.

11 D Posting a comment on the hotel’s webpage.

conversation2

12 C He has stopped making terrible faces.

13 D Warn him of danger by making up a story.

14 A They could break pp’s legs.

15 B One would have to shave their head to remove a bat in their hair.

SectionC Passage

Passage1

16 C Everything seemed to be changing.

17 A Meeting people.

18 D He was a young student in the 1960s.

Passage2

19 B They avoid looking at them.

20 C It focuses its eyes on their mouths.

21 B By taking in their facial expressions as a whole.

Passage3

22 D They resort to different means to survive the bitter cold.

23 C They consume the energy stored before the long sleep.

24 A By storing enough food beforehand

25 C To stay safe

详细解析:

新闻原文1

Q1:本题答案为B。在听力原文中说到that said, our test driver believed the bus was going to slow or stop to allow us to merge into the traffic, and that there would be sufficient space to do that."

谷歌的试驾员以为大巴会慢慢停下,就会给自驾车留有足够空间并入车流中。言外之意是事实并非如此,所以试驾员判断错误。

Q2:本题答案为D。在听力末尾说到,The company's self-driving cars have done well over a million miles across various states in the US, and until now have only reported minor accidents. 无人驾驶车已经运行得非常好的穿越了美国的各大州,直到现在只有少数小事故。由此可见,总体来说做的比较好。

新闻原文2

Q3:本题答案为A。听力原文中说到Tom Moses who works at a nearby national par,可知这个人是在附近的国家公园工作。

Q4:本题答案为B。听力原文中说I have never seen that many bees in one spot. It was very unusual. They were very close together and there was a lot of noise and movements. 我从没见过这么多蜜蜂聚集在一个地方。它们靠得非常近,发出很多噪音。

新闻原文3

Q5:本题答案为A。听力原文第一句点出主旨。A new species of snake has been discovered on a remote island in the Bahamas. 可知是发现了一种新的蛇。

Q6:本题答案为C。听力原文中说到One of the creatures made a dramatic appearance by moving on to the head of the team leader as he slept. 其中一种蛇在这位科学家睡着的时候爬到了他的头部。

Q7:本题答案为D。听力原文中说到The snake has been named silver boa because it is metallic colored and the first specimen found was climbing a silver palm tree. 这个蛇被叫做银蛇因为它金属般的外表,也就是以其颜色命名。

长对话1

Q8:本题答案为C。听力原文中My flight leaves in less than 2 hours. So, could you tell me, what's the quickest way to get there? 我的航班在两小时内就要起飞。所以可以告诉我怎么去机场最快吗?所以原因是两小时内要起飞,其他选项的原因未提及。

Q9:本题答案为B。听力原文中男士说到I'll pay with my credit card.他会用信用卡支付。

Q10:本题答案为A。听力原文中男士说到But I'll need a receipt, so I can charge it to my company.他需要一份收据,这样他可以向公司报账。

Q11:本题答案为D。听力原文中女士问男士would you like to leave a comment on our web page when you have time?她想让这位先生在他们的网站上写个评价。

长对话2

Q12:本题答案为C。听力原文中男生说到Ben’s given up making those terrible faces he used to make.本不再做以前那些鬼脸。

Q13:本题答案为D。听力原文中男生描述他奶奶说过的话For example, she would say, you will get a spot on your tongue if you tell a lie. 如果你撒了谎,你的舌头上会出现斑点。所以是在警示他编故事、说谎的危险性。

Q14:本题答案为A。听力原文中女生说到The one that used to get me was that swans could break your leg when they blow of the wing. 女生相信天鹅在拍打它们翅膀的时候会使你的腿折断,即天鹅会折断人的腿。

Q15:本题答案为B。听力原文中男生说他妻子的奶奶告诉她She said her grandmother reckoned you had to shave your head to get it out. 必须要剃光头才可以取出蝙蝠。

短文1

Q16:本题答案为C。听力原文中说到I was in my twenties, and everything was being renewed. Renewed是更新的的意思,说明一切都在变化。

Q17:本题答案为A。听力原文中说到Meeting people was the thing, and you went to coffee bars where you met friends and spent the evening. 去咖啡厅和朋友见面度过一个晚上,这是最流行的事,was the thing是口语化的表达,意思是很火、很流行。

Q18:本题答案为D。听力原文中说到of course, I was a student。说明作者当时是学生。

短文2

Q19:本题答案为B。听力原文中说到Dogs, man's best friends, have a clear strategy for dealing with angry owners—they look away. New research shows that dogs limit their eye contact with angry humans. 狗是人类最好的朋友,在碰到它们的主人生气时会走开,避免眼神交流。

Q20:本题答案为C。听力原文中说到When dogs looked at expressions of angry dogs, their eyes rested more on the mouth。狗在遇到生气的同伴时会把眼神关注在对方的嘴巴上。

Q21:本题答案为B。听力原文中说到The researchers also note that dogs scan faces as a whole to sense how people are feeling, instead of focusing on a given feature. 研究者们说狗通过整体地看人的脸来判断人的情绪而不是只聚焦在某一个点上。As a whole表示作为整体。

短文3

Q22:本题答案为D。听力原文中说到What do animals do? There are three main ways that animals survive the cold in winter: sleep, adapt or migrate. 动物怎么过冬呢?总体上动物有三种方法度过寒冷的冬天,分别是冬眠、使自身适应环境、迁徙。说明动物有不同的方法来应对寒冷。

Q23:本题答案为C。听力原文中说到To prepare for this before winter, these animals eat extra food tobecome fat, which gives them the energy they need while they sleep. 在冬天来临之前,选择冬眠的动物会吃更多的食物,这样可以在它们冬眠的时候给予它们能量。所以冬眠时它们消耗之前储蓄的能量。

Q24:本题答案为A。听力原文中说到So some animals, such as mice, collect extra food before winter, and hide it. When winter comes, they return to their hiding places to eat the food. 像老鼠这样的动物,它们在冬天之前会采集更多的食物并把食物藏起来。冬天到来后,它们再去藏食物的地方去吃这些食物,即提前储蓄足够的食物。

Q25:本题答案为C。听力末尾说到Some birds fly in groups for safety, while others fly alone.有些鸟考虑到安全因素成群的迁徙。

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