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2017年12月英语四级考试答案:试卷一(完整版)

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2017年12月英语四级真题听力原文

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D) .Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

News 1:

A 9-year-old girl in New Mexico has raised more than $500 for her little brother who needs heart surgery in Houston Texas this July. Addison Witulski's grandmother Kim Allred said Addison probably overheard a conversation between family members talking about the funds needed to get her little brother to treatment.

" I guess she overheard her grandfather and me talking about how we’re worried about how we’re going to get to Houston, for my grandson’s heart surgery,” said Allred. She decided to go outside and have a lemonade stand and make some drawings and pictures and sell them.”

That’s when Addison and her friends Erika and Emily Borden decided to sell lemonade for 50 cents a cup and sell pictures for 25 cents each.

Before Allred knew it, New Mexico State Police Officers were among the many stopping by helping them reach a total of $568.

The family turned to social media expressing their gratitude saying, “From the bottom of our hearts, we would like to deeply thank each & every person that stopped by!

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

Q1: Who did Addison raise money for?

A)Her friend Erika.

B)Her little brother.

C)Her grandfather.

D)Her grandmother.

答案:B) Her little brother.

Q2: How did Addison raise money?

A)By taking pictures for passers-by.

B)By working part time at a hospital.

C)By selling lemonade and pictures.

D)By asking for help on social media.

答案:C) By selling lemonade and pictures.

News 2:

Last week, France announced that the country will pave 621 miles of road with solar panels over the next five years, with the goal of providing cheap, renewable energy to five million people.

Called “the Wattway,” the roads will be built through joint efforts with the French road-building company Colas and the National Institute of Solar Energy. The company spent the last five years developing solar panels that are only about a quarter of an inch thick and are strong enough to stand up to heavy highway traffic without breaking or making the roads more slippery. The panels are also designed so that they can be installed directly on top of existing roadways, making them relatively cheap and easy to install.

France isn’t the first country to kick around the idea of paving its roads with solar panels. In November 2015, the Netherlands completed a 229-foot-long bike path paved with solar panels as a test for future projects. However, this is the first time a panel has been designed to be laid directly on top of existing roads and the first project to install the panels on public highways.

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

Q3: What was France's purpose of constructing the Wattway?

A)Finding cheaper ways of highway construction.

B)Generating electric power for passing vehicles.

C)Providing clean energy to five million people.

D)Testing the efficiency of the new solar panel.

答案:C) Providing clean energy to five million people.

Q4: What is special about the solar panels used in the Wattway?

A)They can stand the wear and tear of natural elements.

B)They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

C)They can only about half an inch thick.

D)They are made from cheap materials.

答案:B) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

News 3:

Lions have disappeared from much of Africa, but for the past few years scientists have wondered if the big cats were hanging on in remote parts of Sudan and Ethiopia. Continuous fighting in the region has made surveys difficult.

But scientists released a report Monday documenting, with hard evidence, the discovery of "lost lions."

A team with Oxford University’s Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, supported by a charity organization, spent two nights in November camping in the National Park in northwest Ethiopia, on the Ethiopia-Sudan border. The researchers set out six camera traps capturing images of lions, and they identified lion tracks.

The scientists concluded that lions are also likely to live in the neighbouring National Park across the border in Sudan. The International Union for Conservation of Nature had previously considered the area a "possible range" for the species, and local people had reported seeing lions in the area, but no one presented convincing evidence.

Questions 5 and 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

Q5: What has made it difficult to survey lions in remote parts in Sudan and Ethiopia?

A)Endless fighting in the region.

B)The hazards from the desert.

C)Inadequate funding for research.

D)The lack of clues about the species.

答案:A) Endless fighting in the region.

Q6: What was the main purpose of the research?

A)To observe the wildlife in the two national parks.

B)To identify the reasons for the lions’ disappearance.

C)To study the habitat of lions in Sudan and Ethiopia.

D)To find evidence of the existence of the “lost lions”.

答案:D) To find evidence of the existence of the "lost lions".

Q7: What did the researchers find in the National Park?

A) Lions walking. C) Some camping facilities.

B) Lion’s tracks. D) Traps set by local hunters.

答案:B) Lions' tracks.

Section B

Passage 1

M: I bet you're looking forward to the end of this month. Are you?

W: Yes, I am. How did you know?

M: David told me you had a special birthday coming up.

W: Oh…yeah that's right. This year will be my golden birthday.

M: What does that mean? I've never heard of a golden birthday.

W: I've actually just learnt this concept myself. Fortunately, just in time to celebrate. A golden or lucky birthday is when one turns the age of their birth date. So, for example, my sister's birthday is December 9th and her golden birthday would have been the year she turned nine years old. Come to think of it, my parents did throw her a surprise party that year.

M: Interesting. Too bad I missed mine. My golden birthday would've been four years ago. I assume you got big plans then.

W: Actually yes. My husband is planning a surprise holiday for the two of us next week. I have no idea what he's got in mind, but I'm excited to find out. Has he mentioned anything to you?

M: He might have.

W: Anything you'd like to share? I'm dying to know what kind of trip he has planned on where we're going.

M: You know nothing at all?

W: Not a clue. Hard to imagine, isn’t it? Though I must say I think he's been having even more fun keeping the secret from me in the past few weeks.

M: I'm sure both of you will have a fantastic time. Happy golden birthday! I can't wait to hear all about it when you get back.

Q8. What is the woman looking forward to?

Q9. What did the woman's parents do on her sister's lucky birthday?

Q10. What is the woman eager to find out about?

Q11. What does the man say at the end of the conversation?

Passage 2

W: Mr. Green, what do you think makes a successful negotiator?

M: Well, that’s hard to define. But I think successful negotiators have several things in common. They are always polite and rational people. They are firm but flexible. They can recognize power and know how to use it. They are sensitive to the dynamics of the negotiation. The way of rises and falls and how it may change direction. They project the image of confidence, and perhaps most importantly, they know when to stop.

W: And, what about an unsuccessful negotiator?

M: Well, this is probably all of us when we start out. We are probably immature and over-trusting. Too emotional or aggressive. We are unsure of ourselves and we want to be liked by everyone. Good negotiators learn fast. Poor negotiators remain like that and go on losing negotiations.

W: In your opinion, can the skills of negotiation be taught?

M: Well, you can teach someone how to prepare for a negotiation. There are perhaps six stages in every negotiation. Get to know the other side. State your goals. Start the process. Clarify areas of disagreement or conflict. Reassess your position. Making acceptable compromises. And finally, reach some agreement in principle. These stages can be studied. And strategies to be used in each can be planned beforehand. But I think, the really successful negotiator is probably born with six sense about responding appropriately to the situation at hand.

W: The artistic sense you've just described?

M: Yes. That's right.

Q12: What does the man say about good negotiators?

Q13: What does the man say may be the most important thing to a successful negotiator?

Q14: How is a good negotiator different from a poor one?

Q15: What is the first stage of negotiation according to the man?

Section C

Passage 1

Some people wonder why countries spend millions of dollars on space projects. They want to know how space research helps people on Earth. Actually space technology helps people on Earth every day. This is called "spin-off technology."

Spin-off technology is space technology that is now used on Earth.

In early space programs, such as the Apollo missions of the 1960s and 1970s, and in the Space Shuttle missions today, scientists developed objects for the astronauts to use on the moon and in space. We now use some of these objects every day.

For example, we have Quartz crystal clocks and watches accurate to within one minute a year. We purify the water we drink with a water filter designed for the astronauts' use in space.

The cordless, hand-held tools we use in our homes, such as vacuum cleaners, flashlights, drills and saws came from the technology of these early space programs.

On cold winter days we can stay warm with battery-operated gloves and socks, and specially made coats and jackets. All of these clothes are similar to the spacesuit designs that kept astronauts comfortable in the temperatures of the moon, and are spin-offs from space technology.

These products are only a few examples of the many ways space technology helps us in our everyday lives. No one knows how new spin-off technology from the International Space Station will help us in the future.

Q16: What do some people want to know about space exploration?

Q17: What did scientists do for the space shuttle missions?

Q18: What does the speaker say about Quartz crystal clocks and watches?

Conversation 1

8. A) Her 'lucky birthday'.

9. D) Threw her a surprise party.

10. B) The trip her husband has planned.

11. C) He is eager to learn how the couple's holiday turns out.

Conversation 2

12. A) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

13. B) They know when to stop.

14. C) They learn quickly.

15. D) Get to know the other side.

Section C

16. D) How space research benefits people on Earth.

17. B) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

18. C) They are extremely accurate.

1.根据A 9-year-old girl in New Mexico has raised more than $500 for her little brother who needs heart surgery in Houston Texas this July可以得出答案是Her little brother.

2.根据She decided to go outside and have a lemonade stand and make some drawings and pictures and sell them可以得出答案是By selling lemonade and pictures。

3.根据with the goal of providing cheap, renewable energy to five million people可以得出答案:Providing clean energy to five million people.

4.根据 The panels are also designed so that they can be installed directly on top of existing roadways, making them relatively cheap and easy to install.可以得出答案:They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

5.根据Continuous fighting in the region has made surveys difficult可以得出答案Endless fighting in the region.

6.这篇报道提到科学家们在野外露营,目的就是为了找到lost lions存在的证据。

7.根据The researchers set out six camera traps capturing images of lions, and they identified lion tracks可以得出答案Lion’s tracks.

8.根据This year will be my golden birthday可以得出答案Her 'lucky birthday'.

9.根据my parents did throw her a surprise party that year可以得出答案Threw her a surprise party.

10.根据I'm dying to know what kind of trip he has planned on where we're going可以得出答案The trip her husband has planned.

11.根据I can't wait to hear all about it when you get back可以得出答案He is eager to learn how the couple's holiday turns out.

12.根据They are sensitive to the dynamics of the negotiation可以得出答案They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

13.根据perhaps most importantly, they know when to stop可以得出答案They know when to stop.

14.根据Good negotiators learn fast. Poor negotiators remain like that and go on losing negotiations可以得出答案They learn quickly.

15.根据There are perhaps six stages in every negotiation. Get to know the other side可以得出答案Get to know the other side.

Section C

16.根据They want to know how space research helps people on Earth可以得出答案How space research benefits people on Earth.

17.根据scientists developed objects for the astronauts to use on the moon and in space可以得出答案They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

18.根据we have Quartz crystal clocks and watches accurate to within one minute a year可以得出答案They are extremely accurate.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension

Section A

26.【答案】K

【解析】较好的,上等的,修饰skills。

27.【答案】D

【解析】根据and 前后内容,此处选择D,意思为:令人讨厌的东西。

28.【答案】M

【解析】指尖,根据后文出现的“手指”,可以得出答案。

29.【答案】O

【解析】视觉的。修饰记忆力,同时根据后文出现的images,可以得出答案。

30.【答案】A

【解析】be associated with 和……相关。

31.【答案】F

【解析】rather than 表示阻止,介词后面用doing。

32.【答案】H

【解析】敏感的。根据后文意思它们很敏感,因此选择H。

33.【答案】I

【解析】轻微的。修饰后文的气味。

34.【答案】C

【解析】根据前文动作,此处是暗示的意思,故而答案为C。

35.【答案】B

【解析】检测,检验。根据后文detection method,可以得出答案为B。

Section B

36. 【答案】I

【解析】根据题干选取关键词elderly students和rapid changes。I段出现advanced age,最后一句提到A lot has changed since we were last in schools。

37. 【答案】E

【解析】题干中关键词为 take-home exams 和 students' performance。E段谈到 take-home exams risk performance。

38. 【答案】C

【解析】题干中关键词为certain professors和in-class exams。C段一个教授在谈随堂考试的好处和题干意思相同。

39. 【答案】D

【解析】题干中关键词为In-class exams和cheating。D段落开头第一句话出现cheating,而全文只有D这一个段谈了作弊这件事。

40.【答案】B

【解析】题干中关键词为author。B段作者以第一人称谈及在家考试让自己很开心。原文开心用的是excited。题干中开心的是happy。

41.【答案】H

【解析】题干中关键词为students和last moment。H段落第二行出现了last minute.原文说了是等到最后一刻才去做的人发现更难了。和题干意思相同。

42.【答案】G

【解析】题干中关键词为types of exams。本段里面不同学生谈了自己对于考试类型的偏好。段落开头第一句出现关键词test -form preferences。是题干关键词的同义替换。

43.【答案】F

【解析】题干中关键词为most professors和type of course。F段落开头出现most professors和subject。与题干关键词意思相同。 ^

44.【答案】A

【解析】题干中关键词为数字forty。A段出现关键词four decades。故而A是答案。

45.【答案】J

【解析】题干中关键词为free time。J段第三行出现free time。故而J是答案。

Section C

Passage One

46. 【答案】D

【解析】D选项意思是以何种方式它会对人有好处。 根据关键词puzzle可知原文出题处在第二段what benefit...同义替换选择D。

47. 【答案】C

【解析】在第二段She also knew....This led to...说明她从前人的研究中获得了一些灵感,开始做自己的研究。

48. 【答案】A

【解析】提示句:To take a closer look...参与者在不熟悉的环境unfamiliar environment...睡觉。

49. 【答案】C

【解析】根据关键词re-run定位在第三段第二句话,有规律和无规律蜂鸣声交杂在一起。

50. 【答案】B

【解析】在文章最后一句。原文提到react to...by stirring people from sleep. 所以选择,人们可以感知无规律的蜂鸣声是一种威胁。

Passage Two

51.【答案】D

【解析】根据关键词,在第一段,工作负荷过重,责任感过大,不会让女人得到想要的。

52.【答案】A

【解析】根据关键词,在第三段第二句,为了平衡家庭和事业,不能说不。

53.【答案】A

【解析】在第四段最后一句话,不幸地是...不会拒绝使得女人健康和事业同时受到伤害。

54.【答案】C

【解析】在第五段 Men are more likely to face...whereas women...看出男人把个人利益放首位。

55.【答案】B

【解析】根据关键词,在最后一段,一个好的领导者应该学会授权和管控资源。

翻译

华山位于华阴市,距西安120公里。华山是秦岭的一部分,秦岭不仅分隔陕南与陕北,也分隔华南与华北。与从前人们常去朝拜的泰山不同,华山过去很少有人光临,因为上山的道路极其危险。然而,希望长寿的人却经常上山,因为山上生长着许多药草,特别是一些稀有的药草。自上世纪90年代安装缆车以来,参观人数大大增加。(145字)

【答案】Huashan (Mount Hua) is situated in Huayin City, 120 kilometers away from Xi'an. It is part of the Qinling Mountains, which divides not only Southern and Northern Shaanxi, but also South and North China. Unlike Taishan, which became a popular place of pilgrimage, Huashan was not well visited in the past because it is dangerous for the climbers to reach its summit. Huashan was also an important place frequented by immortality seekers, as many herbs grow there especially some rare ones. Since the installation of the cable cars in the 1990s, the number of visitors has increased significantly.

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