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1.根据New laws have been put into place that would make it easier for farms and supermarkets to donate unsold foods to those who are in need可以得出答案They facilitate the donation of unsold foods to the needy.

2.根据the European Parliament voted in favor of legislation that would stop grocery giants from unfair trading practices that result in overproduction, thus creating waste可以得出答案It passed a law aiming to stop overproduction.

3.根据In France, the government has banned supermarkets from throwing away edible foods and imposed harsh penalties on businesses that fail to comply with the regulations可以得出答案It has banned supermarkets from dumping edible foods.

4.根据one major cause of this problem is the confusion over food expiration labels, which are currently not regulated by the government可以得出答案The confusion over food expiration labels.

5.根据my friend told me that the annual anniversary sales had begun可以得知答案It has just launched its annual anniversary sales.

6.根据We do offer price adjustments within seven days of purchase to ensure our customer satisfaction可以得出答案Price adjustments within seven days of purchase.

7.根据Crediting my account would be wonderful可以得出答案Credit it to her account.

8.根据In addition to the sale, we're running a promotion for complimentary tailoring if you need it可以得出答案Complimentary tailoring.

9.根据They’re thin, tall, long-legged and virtually unlike any real human being可以得出答案They are thin, tall, and unlike real human beings.

10.根据 some people say they don’t go far enough. They say that the new body shapes could be even more different from the original, tall, thin Barbies可以得出答案Their body shapes have not changed much.

11.根据they will be sold online at the Barbie website可以得出答案On the Internet.

12.根据it was in Germany around the year 1450 that a printing press using movable metal type was invented可以得出答案Movable metal type began to be used in printing.

13.根据The biggest sixteenth- century printer, Plantin of Antwerp, had twenty-four printing presses and employed more than a hundred workers可以得出答案It was the biggest printer in the 16th century.

14.根据The immediate effect of printing was to increase the cir-culation of works that were already popular in the handwritten form, while less popular works went out of circulation可以得出答案It boosted the circulation of popular works.

15.根据The great cultural impact of printing was that it facili-tated the growth of national languages可以得出答案It promoted the growth of national languages.

Part III Reading Comprehension(40 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

In the past 12 months, Nigeria has suffered from a shrinking economy, a sliding currency, and a prolonged fuel shortage. Now, Africa’s largest in facing a food crisis as major tomato fields have been destroyed by an insect,leading to a nationwide shortage and escalating prices.

The insect, Tutaabsoluta, has destroyed 80% of farms in Kaduna, Nigeria's largest tomato producing state, leading the government there to declare a state of 26 .The insect, also known as the tomato leaf miner, devastates crops by 27 on fruits and digging into and moving through stalks. It 28 incredibly quickly, breeding up to 12 generations per year if conditions are favorable. it is believed to have 29 in South America in the early 1900s, and later spread to Europe before crossing over to sub-Saharan Africa.

In Nigeria, where tomatoes are a staple of local diets,the insect's effects are devastating. Retail prices for a 30 of tomatoes at local markets have risen from $0. 50 to $2.50. Farmers are reporting steep losses and a new $20 million tomato-paste factory has 31 production due to the shortages.

Given the moth's ability also to attack crops like pepper and potatoes, Audu Ogbeh, Nigeria's minister of agriculture, has warned that the pest may"create serious problems for food 32 "in the country.Ogbeh says experts are investigating how to control the pest’s damage and prevent its spread, which has gone largely 33 until now.

Despite being the continent's second-largest producer of tomatoes, Nigeria is 34 on $1 billion worth of tomato-paste imports every around 75% of the local harvest goes to waste thanks to a lack of proper storage facilities. A further 35 in local supplies is yet another unwelcome setback to the industry.

A) dependent I)originated

B) Embarking J) reduction

C) emergency K) reproduces

D) feeding L)security

E) grazes M)terror

F) halted N) unchecked

G) handful O)untouched


【解析】a state of emergency紧急状况

27. 【答案】D


28. 【答案】K


29. 【答案】I


30. 【答案】G

【解析】a handful of 一把;少量的;一小部分。

31. 【答案】F

【解析】halted production停止生产。

32. 【答案】L

【解析】food security 食品安全。

33. 【答案】N


34. 【答案】A

【解析】dependent on依赖于;依靠。

35. 【答案】J


Section B

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

who's really addicting you to Technology?

A."Nearly everyone i know is addicted in some measure to the internet, "wrote tony Schwartz in The New York Times. it's a common complaint these days. A steady stream of similar headlines accuse the net and its offspring apps, social media sites and online games of addicting us to distraction

B. There's little doubt that nearly everyone who comes in contact with the net has difficulty concentration than it takes to post a status update. as one person ironically put it in the comments section of Schwartz's online article, "As I was reading this very excellent article.I stopped at least half a dozen times to cheek my email.

C.There's something different about this technology: it is both invasive and persuasive. but who's at fault for its overuse? To find solutions, it's important to understand what we’re dealing with.There are four parties conspiring to keep you connected the tech, your boss, your friends and you.

D.The technologies themselves and their makers, are the easiest suspects to blame for our diminishing attention spans. Nicholas Carr,author of The Shallows: what the internet is doing Our brains, wrote, The net is designed to be an interruption system, a machine geared to dividing attention.

E.Online services like Facebook, twitter and the like, are called out of manipulation--making,products so good that people can't stop using them. after studying these products for several years, I wrote a book about how they do it. I learned it all starts with the business model. since these services rely on advertising revenue, The more frequently you use money they make.It’s no winder these companies employ teams of people focused on engineering their services to be as engaging as possible. these products aren't habit-forming by chance; it's by design. they have an incentive to keep us hooked.

F.However, as good as these services are, there are simple steps we can take to keep them at bay.For example, we can change how often we receive the distracting notifications that trigger our urge to check.According to adam marchick, ceo of mobile marketing company kahuna, less than 15 percent of smartphone users ever bother to adjust their notification setlings--meaning the remaining 85 percent of us default to the app makers' every preset trigger.Google and Apple have made it far too difficult to adjust these settings so it's up to us to take steps ensure we set these triggers to suit our own needs, not the needs of the app makers.

G.While companies like Facebook harvest attention to generate revenue from advertisers, other technologies have no such agenda. take email, for example. this system couldn't care less how often you use it. Yet to many, email is the most habit-forming medium of all.We check email at all hours of the day--we're obsessed, but why? Because that's what the boss wants.For almost all white-collar jobs, A slow

Response to a message could hurt not only your reputation but also your livelihood.

H.Your friends are also responsible.Think about this familiar scene.People gathered around a table, enjoying food and each others company. there's laughter and a bit of kidding. Then, during an interval in the conversation, someone takes out their phone to check who knows what.Barely anyone notices and no one says a thing.

I.Now imagine the same dinner,but instead of checking their phone, the person belches(打嗝)-loudly.Everyone notices. unless the meal takes place in a beer house, this is considered bad manners. The impolite act violates the basic rules of etiquette. one has to wonder why don’t we apply the same social norms to checking phones during meals, meetings and conversations as we do to other antisocial behaviors somehow, we accept it and say nothing when someone offends.

J.The reality is taking one's phone out at the wrong time is worse than belching because, unlike other minor offense, checking tech is contagious. once one person looks at their phone,other people feel compelled to do the same, starting a chain reaction. the more people are on their phones, the fewer people are talking until finally you are the only one left not reading email or checking twitter. from a societal perspective, phone checking is less like belching in public and more like another bad habit. our phones are like cigarettes-something to do when were bored or when our fingers need something to toy with seeing others enjoy a smoke,or sneak a quick glance, is too tempting to resist and soon everyone is doing it.

K.The technology, your boss, and your friends, all influence how often you find yourself using (or overusing )these gadgets. but there's still someone who deserves scrutiny--the person holding the phone.

L. I have a confession. even though i study habit-forming technology for a living, disconnecting is not easy for me.I'm online far more than I'd like like Schwartz and so many others, I often find myself distracted and off tack.I wanted to know why so i began self-monitoring to try to understand my behavior. that's when i discovered an uncomfortable truth. i use technology as an escape. when I'm doing something I'd rather not do, or when I'm someplace I'd rather not attention was often a good thing, like when passing time on public transportation, but frequently my tech use was not so benign. when i faced difficult work, like thinking through an article idea or editing the same draft for the hundredth time, for example, a more sinister screen would draw me in. i could easily escape answering email or browsing ing the web under the pretense of so-called"research. "though I desperately wanted to lay blame elsewhere, i finally had to admit that my bad habits had less to do with and more to do with old-fashioned procrastination(拖延)'s easy to blame technology for being so distracting, but distraction is nothing new. Aristotle and Socrates dehated nature of “akrasia”--our tendency to do things agninst our interests. If we're honest with ourselves, tech is just another way to occupy our time and minds,if we weren’t on our devices. We’d likely do similarly unproductive.

N.personal technology is indeed more engaging than ever, and there's no doubt companies are engineering their products and services to be more compelling and attractive but would want it any other way the intended result of making something better is that people use it more. that's not necessarily a problem, that's progress.

O.These improvements don't mean we shouldn't attempt to control our use of technology. In order to make sure it doesn't control us, we should come to terms with the fact that it's more than the technology itself that’s responsible for our habits. our workplace culture, social norns and individual behaviors all play a part to put technology in its place, we must be conscious not only of how technology is changing, but also of how it is changing us.

36.Online services are so designed that the more they are used, the more profit they generate.

37. The author admits using technology as an escape from the task at hand.

38. Checking phones at dinners is now accepted as normal but not belching

39. To make proper use of technology, we should not only increase our awareness of how it is changing but also how it is impacting us.

40. Most of us find it hard to focus on our immediate tasks because of internet distractions

41. when one person starts checking their phone, the others will follow suit.

42.The great majority of smartphone users don' t take the trouble to adjust their settings to suit their own purposes.

43.The internet is regarded by some as designed to distract our attention.

44. The author attributes his tech addiction chiefly to his habit of putting off doing what he should

45.White-collar workers check email round the clock because it is required by their employers


根据E段The more frequently you use money they make.可以得出答案。


根据L段I use technology as an escape.可以得出答案。


根据I 段belches可以得出答案。






根据J段once one person looks at their phone, other people feel compelled to do the same, starting a chain reaction.可以得出答案。






根据L段I finally had to admit that my bad habits had less to do with new-age,可以得出答案。


根据G段Because that's what the boss wants.可以得出答案。











Passage Two












太湖是中国东部的一个淡水湖,占地面积 2250平方公里,是中国三大淡水湖,仅次于 鄱阳和洞庭。太湖约有90个岛屿,大小从几平 方米到几平方公里不等。太湖以其独特的"太 湖石"而闻名,太湖石常用于装饰中国传统园 林。太湖也以高产的捕鱼业闻名。自上世纪70 年代后期以来,捕捞鱼蟹对沿湖的居民来说极 为重要,并对周边地区的经济做出了重大贡献 。太湖地区是中国陶瓷(ccramics)业基地之 一,其中宜兴的陶瓷厂家生产举世闻名的宜兴 紫砂壶(clay tea pot)。 ®

Taihu Lake, a freshwater lake located in the eastern part of China with an area of 2250 square kilometers, is the third largest freshwater lake in China, next to Poyang Lake and Dongting Lake. There are about 90 islands in Taihu Lake ranging in size from a few square meters to a few square kilometers. Taihu Lake is famous for “Taihu Stone”, which is often used in decorating traditional Chinese gardens. Taihu Lake is also famous for high-yielding fishing industry. Since the late of 1970s, the catching of fishes and crabs has been of great significance to the residents nearby, which is also a significant contributor to the local economy. Taihu region is one of the Chinese ceramics bases, of which the world-famous Yixing clay teapot is produced by Yixing's ceramic manufacturers.

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