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2018年6月英语四级考试真题答案(卷一)

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2018年6月英语四级考试真题(卷一)

写作

PartⅠWriting

1.【题干】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of speaking ability and how to develop it. 120-180 words.

【答案】With our society becoming increasingly open and diversified, the speaking ability is of growing importance in our life and work. In the past, people who were not eloquent could become successful when they were diligent enough. However, now, speaking ability can make a person stand out much quicker in their workplace and social life.

The reasons why speaking ability is so important are as follows. To begin with, people of excellent speaking ability are generally more charming and approachable because they tend to be more friendly and frank. Besides, every walk of life has become more cooperative; therefore, more communicative people have higher working efficiency. For example, my brother used to be a quiet person. Two years ago, I was told that he was fired by his company because he could not get along with his colleagues. After that, he attended a speaking training class and spent a year in improving his eloquence. Now, he has become more confident and found a new job with generous salary.

In order to develop speaking ability, listening to good speeches and famous talk shows can help us imitate great lecturers’ style of speaking and ways of expressing themselves. Meanwhile, it is about time that we spent more time with our friends rather than with our phones, sharing with them our real feelings and thoughts.

【解析】第一段提出问题,第二段描述事实,第三段得出结论或给出建议。

听力

Section A

News Report One

A message in a bottle sent out to sea by a New Hampshire man more than five decades ago was found 1500 miles away and he’s been returned to his daughter. The long lost message was discovered by Clint Buffington of Utah while he was vacationing. Buffington says he found a soda bottle half-buried in the sand that looked like it had been there since the beginning of time.

The note inside the bottle said, "Return to 419 Ocean Street and receive a reward of $150 from Richard and Tina Pierce, owners of the beach Comber motel.

The motel was owned by the Paula Pierce in 1960. Her father had written the notes as a joke and had thrown it into the Atlantic Ocean. Buffington flew to New Hampshire to deliver that message to Pola Pierce. She held up to her father's promise giving Buffington that reward. But the biggest reward is the message in a bottle finding its way back home.

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

1. What is the news report mainly about?

2. Why did Paula Pierce give Clint Buffington the reward?

News Report Two

Millions of bees have died in South Carolina during aerial insect spraying operations that were carried out to combat the Zika virus. The insects spraying over the weekend left more than 2 million bees dead on the spot in Dorchester county South Carolina, where four travel-related cases of Zika disease have been confirmed in the area. Most of the deaths came from Flower Town Bee farm, a company in Somerville that sells bees and honey products. Juanita Stanley who owns the company said the farm looks like it's been destroyed. The farm lost about 2.5 million bees. Dorchester county officials apologized for the accidental mass killing of bees. Dorchester County is aware that some beekeepers in the area that was sprayed on Sunday lost their bee colonies. County manager Jason Ward said in a statement. “I'm not pleased that so many bees were killed.”

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3. Why was spraying operations carried out in Dorchester County?

4. What does the news reports say about Flower Town Bee farm?

News Report Three

The world's largest aircraft has taken to the skies for the first time. The Airlander 10 spent nearly 2 hours in the air having taken off from Coddington airfield in Bedfordshire. During its flight it reached 3000 feet and performed a series of gentle turns all over a safe area. The aircraft is massive as long as a football field and as tall as 6 double decker buses and capable of flying for up to 5 days. It was first developed for the US government as a long range spy aircraft, but was abandoned following budget cutbacks. The aircraft cost 25 million pounds and can carry heavier loads than huge jet planes while also producing less noise and omitting less pollution. The makers believe it's the future of aircraft and one day we'll be using them to go places. But there's still a long way to go. The Airlander will need to have 200 hours flying time before being allowed to fly by the aviation administration if it passes though we can hope we'll all get some extra legroom.

Questions 5 and 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5. What do we learn about the first flight of the Airlander 10?

6. What caused the US government to abandon the Airlander 10 as a spy aircraft?

7. What is the advantage of the Airlander 10 over huge jet planes?

Section B

Conversation One

M: Do you feel like going out tonight?

W:Yeah,why not,we haven’t been out for ages, what’s on?

M: Well, there’s a film about climate change. Does it sound good to you?

W: No, not really, it doesn’t really appeal to me. What’s it about? Just climate change?

M: I think it’s about how climate change affects everyday life. I wonder how they make it entertaining.

W: Well, it sounds really awful, it’s an important subject I agree. But I am not in the mood for anything depressing. What else is on?

M:There’s a Spanish dance festival.

W: Oh, I love dance. That sounds really interesting.

M: Apparently, it’s absolutely brilliant. Let’s see what it says in the paper. A leads an exciting production of the great Spanish love story Kamen.

W: Ok, then. What time is it on?

M: At 7:30.

W: Well, that’s no good. We haven’t got enough time to get there. Is there anything else?

M: There’s a comedy special on.

W: Where’s it on?

M: It’s at the city theater. It’s a charity comedy night with lots of different acts. It looks pretty good. The critic in the local the paper says it’s the funniest thing he’s ever seen. It says here Roger Whitehead is an amazing host to a night of fun performances.

W: Em.. I am not keen on him. He is not very funny.

M: Are you sure your fancy going out tonight? You are not very enthusiastic.

W: Perhaps you are right. Okay, let’s go to see the dance. But tomorrow, not tonight.

M: Great, I’ll book the tickets online.

Questions 8 and 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8. What does the women think of the climate change?

9. Why do the speakers give up going to the Spanish dance festival tonight?

10. What does the critic say about the comedy performed at the city theater?

11. What does the woman decide to do tomorrow?

Conversation Two

W: Good morning Mr. Lee, May I have a minutes of your time?

M: Sure Katherine, what can I do for you?

W: I’m quiet anxious about transferring over to our college, I’m afraid I won’t fit in.

M: don't worry Katherine, it’s completely normal for you to be nervous about transferring schools, this happens to many transfer students.

W: Yes, I know, but I’m younger than most students in my year and that worries me a lot.

M: Well, you may be the only younger one in your year, but you know, we have a lot of after-school activities you can join in, and so, this way, you will be able to meet new friends of different age groups.

W: That’s nice, I love games and hobby groups.

M: I’m sure you do, so will be just fine, don’t worry so much and try to make the most of what we have on offer here, also, remember that you can come to me anytime of the day if you need help.

W: Thanks so much, I definitely feel better now, as a matter of fact, I’ve already contacted one of the girls who will be living in the same house with me, and she seemed really nice. I guess living on campus, I'll have a chance to have a close circle of friends, since we'll be living together.

M: All students are very friendly with new arrivals. Let me check who would be living with you in your flat. Okay. There are Hannah, Kelly, and Bree. Bree is also a new student here, like you, I’m sure you two ‘ll have more to share with each other.

Questions 12 and 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. Why does Katherine feel anxious?

13. What does Mr. Lee encourage Katherine to do?

14. What does Mr. Lee promised to do for Katherine?

15. What do we learn about Katherine’ schoolmate Bree?

Section C

Passage One

Have you ever felt like you would do just about anything to satisfy your hunger? A new study in mice may help to explain why hunger can feel like such a powerful motivating force. In the study, researchers found that hunger outweighed other physical drives, including fear, thirst and social needs.

To determine which feeling won out, the researchers did a series of experiments. In one experiment, the mice were both hungry and thirsty. When given the choice of either eating food or drinking water, the mice went for the food, the researchers found. However, when the mice were well-fed but thirsty, they opted to drink, according to the study. In the second experiment meant to pit the mice's hunger against their fear, hungry mice were placed in a cage that had certain "fox-scented" areas and other places that smelled safer (in other words, not like an animal that could eat them) but also had food. It turned out that, when the mice were hungry, they ventured into the unsafe areas for food. But when the mice were well-fed, they stayed in areas of the cage that were considered "safe." Hunger also outweighed the mice's social needs, the researchers found. Mice are usually social animals and prefer to be in the company of other mice, according to the study. When the mice were hungry, they opted to leave the company of other mice to go get food.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. What is the researchers’ purpose in carrying out the serious experiment with mice?

17. In what circumstances, do mice venture into unsafe areas?

18. What is said about mice at the end of the passage?

Passage Two

The United States has one of the best highway systems in the world. Interstate highways connect just about every large and mid-sized city in the country. Did you ever wonder why such a complete system of excellent roads exists? For an answer,you would have to go back to the early 1920s. In those years, just after World War I, the military wanted to build an American highway system for national defense. Such a system could, if necessary, move troops quickly from one area to another. It could also get people out of cities in danger of being bombed. So-called roads of national importance were designated, but they were mostly small country roads. In 1944, Congress passed a bill to upgrade the system, but did not fund the plan right away. In the 1950s, the plan began to become a reality. Over $25 billion was appropriated by congress, and construction began on about 40,000 miles of new roads. The idea was to connect the new system to existing expressways and freeways. And though the system was built mostly to make car travel easier, defense was not forgotten. For instance, highway overpasses had to be high enough to allow trailers carrying military missiles to pass under them. By 1974, this system was mostly completed. A few additional roads would come later. Quick and easy travel between all parts of the country was now possible.

Questions 19 and 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. What does the speaker say about the American highway system?

20. What was the original purpose of building a highway system?

21. When was the interstate highway system mostly completed?

Passage Three

Texting while driving was listed as a major cause of road deaths among young Americans back in 2013. A recent study said that 40% of American teens claim to have been in a car when the driver used a cell phone in a way that put people in danger. This sounds like a widespread disease but it's one that technology may now helped cure. T.J. Evarts, a 20- year-old inventor, has come up with a novel solution that could easily put texting drivers on notice. It's called Smart Wheel, and it's designed to fit over the steering wheel of most standard vehicles to track whether or not the driver has two hands on the wheel at all times. Evarts’ invention warns the drivers with the light and the sound when they hold the wheel with one hand only, but as soon as they place the other hand back on the wheel the light turns back to green and the sound stops. It also watches for what's called “close by hands”, where both hands are close together near the top of the wheel so the driver can type with both thumbs and drive at the same time. All the data Smart Wheel collects is also sent to a connected app. So any parents who install Smart Wheel can keep track of the teens’ driving habits. If they try to remove or damage the cover, that's reported as well.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. What is a major cause of road deaths among young Americans?

23. What is Smart Wheel?

24. What happens if the driver has one hand on the wheel?

25. How do parents keep track of their teens’ driving habits?

参考答案:

ABBCA CDADC BDCAD BACDB ABACB

1.A)The return of a bottled message to its owner's daughter

2.B)She wanted to honor her father's…

3.B) Several cases of Zika disease had been identifed

4.C)It lost a huge stock of bees.

5.A)It stayed in the air for about two hours

6.C) Inadequate funding

7.D)It is more environmentally friendly

8.A)lt seems a depressing topic.

9.D)They can't make it to the theater

10.C) It is the most amusing show he has ever seen

11.B) Go and see the dance

12.D) She worries she wont ft in as a transfer student.

13.C) Participate in after-school activities

14.A) Give her help whenever she needs

15.D) She has just transferred to college

16.B) To fnd out which physical drive is the most powerful

17.A) When they are hungry

18.C) They prefer to be with other mice

19.D) It is one of the best in the world

20.B) To move troops quickly from place to place

21.A) in the 1970s

22.B) Messaging while driving

23.D) A device to ensure people drive with both hands

24.C) They are alerted with a light and a sound

25.B) Using a connected app

阅读

Section A

PartⅢ Reading Section A

Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog. Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of _____(26). Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾). Nor is the state's bad air_____(27). To its south. Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution. Resident's hearts and lungs are affected as a_____(28).

All of which, combined with California's reputation as the home of technological_____(29), makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in_____(30). And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months. It has been trying out monitoring that are_____(31) to yield minute-to-minute maps of_____(32) air pollution. Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices.

To this end, Aclima has been_____(33) with Google's Street View system. Davida Herzl, Aclima's boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco's transit workers went on strike and the city's_____(34) were forced to use their cars. Conversely, "cycle to word" days have done their job by_____(35) pollution lows.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

答案:26-30 M N C J F 31-35 K L B I E

26. M pollutants . 解析:of前边是levels级别,等级的意思,of后应该是名词形式,翻译为_____的级别,根据文章首句说南加利福尼亚的雾霾是出了名的差可判断这篇文章关于坏境。26空这一句说在美国,洛杉矶____的级别方面是最差的城市,名词又跟环境污染有关的就是M 选项pollutants 污染物。

27. N restricted . 解析: 倒装句,正常语序应该是 the state’s bad air is not____to its south. 意思既相符,又符合这个搭配的只能是restricted, be restricted to 仅限于。

28. C consequence . 解析: 本空在a后边 一定是名词, as a consequence固定搭配,意为结果,因此。这句话意思是,结果,具名的心脏和肺都受到感染。

29. J innovation . 解析:空格前边是名词 of 形容词,因此可推断此结构是A of B的结构,因此空格应该是名词。跟在technological技术的 后边,并且后文又说designed设计监视器,可推断这里应该是技术创新闻名的地方, 因此才能设计出来一些机器。

30. F detail . 解析:本句是一个完整句说明不缺成分,那么空格的地方应该是状语部分,跟在in后边 detail可形成固定搭配,in detail详细的。

31. K intended . 解析: be___to 因此这个地方应该是动词ing或者动词过去分词,在仅有的几个符合条件的选项里intended符合意思,be intended to 打算做某事,意图做某事。

32. L outdoor . 解析: 空格前边of 后边名词此处缺一个形容词,前边说这个检测器目的是监测出____的环境污染,符合意思的是outdoor 户外的环境污染情况。

33. B collaborating . 解析:位于has been__with后边此处应该是动词ing或动词过去分词,只剩下了collaborating和creating, collaborating是可以和with搭配的,意为与...合作,符合题意。

34. I inhabitants . 解析: 跟在city’后边一定是名词,后边又是被迫使用汽车,前边应该是人类,表达人类的选项是consumers和inhabitants,但是这篇文章并没有强调消费者,所以根据整篇文章的北京应该是说城市的居民们。

35. E creating. 解析:在剩下的六个选项里A assisted 含义不符合D consequence词性不符合G domestic含义不符合H frequently词性不符合O sum词性不符合,符合形式以及含义的只有creating。

Section B

As Tourists Crowd Out Locals, Venice Faces “Endangered” List

36. E Just beyond St. Mark’s Square…

37. J Earlier this year …

38. G Venice’s deadline passed with …

39. C Venice is one of…

40. N Then it hits him…

41. F For a time, UNESCO, …

42. B “People are cheering and holding …”

43. L The city’s current mayor, Luigi Brugnaro …

44. D Laura Chigi, a grandmother at the march, …

45. H But UNESCO didn’t even hold a vote …

Section C

  Passage One

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary. We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age. But if you have memory slips, you probably needn‘t worry. There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss. After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr. Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman‘s Hospital in Boston. The brain ages just like the rest of the body. Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning. Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain. And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow. Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about. But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that‘s far more concerning, Daffner says. When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved.” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you‘ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong. But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants. Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss. And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain‘s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says.“Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says. In other words, keep your brain busy and working. And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster.

  46. Why does the author say that one needn‘t be concerned about memory slips?

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia.

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people.

  C) Not all of them are related to one‘s age.

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds.

  47. What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate.

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning.

  C) Communication within our brain weakens.

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking.

  48. Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one‘s daily routines.

  B) Inability to recall details of one‘s life experiences.

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors.

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one‘s friends.

  49. What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  A) Check the brain‘s cognitive reserve.

  B) Turn to a professional for assistance.

  C)Stop medications affecting memory.

  D) Exercise to improve their well-being.

  50. What is Dr Daffner‘s advice for combating memory loss?

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups.

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one‘s brain.

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities.

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally.

  参考答案:

  46. [A]. Not all of them are symptoms of dementia.

  47. [C]. Communication within our brain weakens.

  48. [A]. Totally forgetting how to do one‘s daily routines.

  49. [C]. Turn to a professional for assistance.

  50. [D]. Staying active both physically and mentally

  答案解析:

  46. 解析:从原文第一段中的说法,如果你有健忘的情况,你可能不需要担心,痴呆的症状和年龄增长引起的健忘之间有明显的不同。可以得出A. Not all of them are symptoms of dementia. 不是所有的记忆力减退都是痴呆的症状,是正确答案。

  47. 解析:从原文第三段中的说法,大脑就像身体的其他部位一样会变老,大脑的一些部位会萎缩,尤其是大脑中对于学习,记忆和规划重要的某些部位。大脑细胞的变化能够影响大脑不同区域的交流。可以得出C. Communication within our brain weakens. 大脑内部的交流会减弱,是正确选项。

  48. 解析:从原文第五段中的说法,忘记如何操作家里的东西,比如微波炉,或者忘记如何开车去以前已经拜访过很多次的朋友的家,这都是身体出问题的迹象。可以得出A. Totally forgetting how to do one‘s daily routines.完全忘记如何做日常工作,是正确选项。

  49. 解析:从原文第七段中的说法,Daffner 建议有严重健忘症状的人去找医生。可以得出C Turn to a professional for assistance. 向专业人士求助,是正确选项。

  50. 解析:从原文最后一段的说法,换句话说,保持你的大脑忙碌工作。也要使身体活跃起来,可以得出D Staying active both physically and mentally,保持身体和精神活跃,是正确选项。

  Passage Two

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one of three state-of-the art(最先进的) ocean ships back in the day. The Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company. The Olympic class included the Olympic,the Britannic and the Titanic. What you may not know is that the Titanic wasn‘t even the flagship of this class.All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates.

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in 1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914. The ships had nine decks, and White Star Line decided to focus on making them the most luxurious ships on the water.

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ships were wonders of naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be so for quite some time. However, all suffered terrible accidents on the open seas. The Olympic got wreaked before the Titanic did, but it was the only one to survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years. The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg in 1912. Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in 1916 and subsequently sank as well.

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept running by exhausted crews below deck. Most recognizable of the ship designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose. While two of these ships sank, they were all designed with doucle hulls(船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic’s and the Britannic‘s tragic end.

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World War I. Eventually, she was taken out of service od 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners.

  51. What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  A) They performed marvellously on the sea.

  B) They could all break the ice in their way.

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes.

  D) They were models of modern engineering.

  52. What did White Star Line have in mind when it purchased the three ships?

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters.

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy.

  C) Their ability to survive disasters of any kind.

  D) The long voyages they were able to undertake.

  53. What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration.

  B) It was the work of a famous artist.

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke.

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar.

  54. What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the Britannic?

  A) Their unscientific designs.

  B) Their captains' misjudgment.

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology.

  D) The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body.

  55. What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?

  A) She was used to carry troops.

  B) She was sunk in World WarⅠ。

  C) She was converted into a hospital ship.

  D) She was retired after her naval service.

  参考答案:CBADD

  51.解析:根据原文第一段的说法, 奥林匹克舰是海洋工程的奇迹,但是他们似乎都被诅咒要遭受灾难的命运。可以得出C选项They all experienced terrible misfortunes. 他们都经历了可怕的不幸,是正确答案。

  52.解析:根据原文第二段的说法,白星航运公司决定致力于把他们打造成海上最豪华舒适的船。可以得出B选项The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy. 乘客能够享受到最舒适的感觉,是正确选项。

  53.解析:根据原文第四段的说法,第四个烟囱事实上只是艺术,没有功能,可以得出A选项It was a mere piece of decoration. 它只是一个装饰,是正确选项。

  54.解析:根据原文第四段的说法,这三搜船都设计有双船体,双船体被认为可以使它们“不沉没的”,也许正是这个错误的想法导致了泰坦尼克号和不列颠尼克号悲惨的结局。可以得出D选项The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body. 因为有双层船体,所以它们绝不会沉没的想法,是正确选项。

  55.解析:根据原文第五段的说法,奥林匹克号和其他的船发生过两次碰撞,后来在第一次世界大战中,成为了医务船并运输军队。最终她在1935年退役。可以得出D选项She was retired after her naval service. 她在海军服役之后退役是正确选项。

 

PartⅣ Translation

56.【题干】公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断増多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

【答案】Buses used to be the main means of transportation for Chinese people. In recent years, due to the continuous increase in the number of private cars, the traffic problems in cities have become more serious. Many cities have been trying to improve the service quality of buses in order to encourage more people to travel by bus. The facilities of the vehicles are constantly updated and the speed significantly improved, but the bus fare still remains quite low. Now, in most cities, many local elderly citizens can take buses for free.

【解析】注意时态、语态的变化。

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