移动课堂
您的位置:外语教育网 > 英语四六级 > 试题中心 > 六级试题中心 > 正文

2018年6月英语六级选词填空源文

2018-06-16 17:56   来源:外语教育网       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

Five Fascinating Details About the Media Mogul Who May Have Written "Mary Had a Little Lamb"

Everywhere that Sarah Josepha Hale went, success was sure to go

By Erin Blakemore

smithsonian.com

May 24, 2016

Did Sarah Josepha Hale write "Mary's Lamb," the eternal nursery rhyme about a girl named Mary with a stubborn lamb companion? The jury is still out—but it's clear that the woman reputed for writing it was one of America's most fascinating characters. In honor of the poem's publication on May 24, 1830, here's more about the supposed author's life:

She was one of America's most powerful media moguls...

Forget Oprah—in the 19th century, there was one queen of media, and her name was Sarah Josepha Hale. She first plunged into national prominence as one of the nation's first published women novelists and poets. Her book Northwood: Or, Life North and South advocated that slaves be relocated to Liberia rather than continue to toil in the U.S. It attracted the attention of a Boston reverend who invited the recently widowed Hale to edit the Ladies' Magazine, a new magazine aimed at fashionable women.

In 1837, Hale's magazine was acquired by Louis Godey, who also owned the popular Lady's Book, and Godey's Lady's Book, the new publication that emerged, quickly became America's most influential magazine. At its height, the magazine had over 150,000 subscribers, was widely read by men and women, and featured some of the nation's best literary talent, like Edgar Allan Poe and Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Known as much for its fashion plates and dress patterns as its uplifting poetry and edifying articles, the magazine was in print for another 70 years. Hale herself was at its helm for 40—enough time to become the most influential arbiter of fashion, culture and American female taste of her time. She used her influence not just to tell women what to wear, but how to think.

…but Hale didn't think women should vote.

Was Hale a feminist? The term is so laden with modern meaning that it's hard to apply to a powerful woman like Hale. But though Hale supported everything from women's education to employment, she though that women's powers were intended to be used subtly. Not only did she oppose women's suffrage, but she thought that women were better off wielding what she called a "secret, silent influence" on men instead of entering politics on their own.

The magazine juggernaut that Hale helmed impressed similar values on women, emphasizing the importance of a separate sphere in which women could reign over domestic issues and affect the behaviors of others through their own deportment. But though Hale's magazine reinforced gender stereotypes, historians have argued that the "separate sphere" it upheld was actually a place where women could experience what little power and autonomy was available to them during the 19th century.

She fought a fierce battle to make Thanksgiving a national holiday

Hale wasn't just a writer: She was also a fierce social advocate. Born in New Hampshire, she was particularly obsessed with an idealized idea of New England, which she associated with abundant Thanksgiving meals that she claimed had "a deep moral influence." Using the platform provided by Godey's Lady's Book, she began a national campaign to have a national holiday declared that would bring families together while celebrating the glorious festivals of yore. No matter that the first Thanksgiving was celebrated by a privileged few in a time of rampant starvation and the suppression of Native Americans—Hale wanted her Thanksgiving. And in 1863, after 17 years of advocacy including letters to five presidents, Hale got it. President Abraham Lincoln, embroiled in the Civil War, issued a proclamation setting aside the last Thursday in November for the holiday.

She once preserved a Boston monument with an epic craft fair

Though Hale's legacy today revolves around putting turkey and mashed potatoes on tables everywhere, her interests extended to other New England icons. In 1840, Hale organized the mother of all craft fairs at Boston's Quincy Market. The seven-day fair raised a whopping $30,000 to finish the building of an ornate obelisk to commemorate the Battle of Bunker Hill. That's the equivalent of fundraising nearly $800,000 today.

Her nursery rhyme was inspired by actual events

The true authorship of "Mary's Little Lamb" is disputed. According to the New England Historical Society, Hale wrote only part of the poem, but claimed authorship. The poem was included in Hale's book Poems for our Children, which she intended "to inculcate moral truths and virtuous sentiments" to families and children.

Regardless of the author, it seems that the poem was inspired by a real event. When young Mary Sawyer was followed to school by a lamb in 1816, it caused a commotion. A bystander named John Roulstone wrote a doggerel about the events. The verse was so popular that eventually Mary sold the lamb's wool for a higher price based on its fame. It earned $60, which was used to help rebuild Boston's Old South Church. At some point, Hale herself seems to have co-opted the verse—though, if a 1916 piece by her great-niece is to be trusted, Hale called fraud, claiming that "some other people pretended that some one else wrote [the poem]" for the rest of her life.

相关资讯:
网站导航:
 学位英语 指南 动态 经验 试题 资料  托福 指南 动态 考情 留学 复习
 雅思 指南 动态 机经 经验 辅导  公共英语 指南 动态 备考 试题 辅导
 日语 指南 资讯 辅导 留学 考试  法语 发音 词汇 语法 听说 阅读
 韩语 入门 口语 阅读 留学 文化  西语 口语 词汇 阅读 留学 风采

学位英语免费试听

更多>>
  • 四级辅导
  • 六级辅导
全科套餐
280元/门
超值优惠套餐=写作+词汇+听力+阅读+翻译+真题精讲班 70课时
词汇串讲 精讲大纲词汇,轻松记忆单词
课时数:10课时
阅读串讲 紧扣大纲要求,直达阅读高分
课时数:10课时
听力串讲 剖析解题秘笈,提升听力水平
课时数:10课时
写作串讲 解读命题规律,揭秘高分技巧
课时数:10课时
翻译串讲 梳理重要考点,提高应试能力
课时数:约6课时
真题精讲 讲授历年真题,直击命题精髓
课时数:24课时

网校介绍

更多>>

外语教育网(www.for68.com)是北京东大正保科技有限公司(CDEL)旗下一家大型外语远程教育网站,正保科技成立于2005年7月,是国内超大型外语远程教育基地,上榜“北京优质教育资源榜”--“百万读者推崇的网络教育机构”。


公司凭借雄厚的师资力量、先进的网络视频多媒体课件技术、严谨细致的教学作风、灵活多样的教学方式,为学员提供完整、优化的外语课程,既打破了传统面授的诸多限制,发挥了网络教育的优势,也兼顾面授的答疑与互动特点,为我国培养了大量优秀的外语人才。


为了满足学员学习不同语种、不同阶段的学习需求,网站开设了包括考试英语、行业英语、实用口语以及小语种在内的百余门语言学习课程,涵盖英语、日语、韩语、俄语、德语、法语、西班牙语、意大利语、阿拉伯语等主要语种,供学员自由选择。此外,网站还拥有各类外语专业信息和考试信息20余万条,是广大学员了解外语类考试最新政策、动态及参加各语种培训的优质网站。


北京东大正保科技有限公司成立于2000年,是一家具备网络教育资质、经教育部批准开展远程教育的专业公司,为北京市高新技术企业、中国十大教育集团、联合国教科文组织技术与职业教育培训在中国的唯一试点项目。


公司下属13家行业远程教育网站,业务涵盖了会计、法律、医学、建设、自考、成考、考研、中小学、外语、信息技术、汉语言教学等诸多领域,拥有办公面积8000多平米,员工近千人,公司年招生规模达270万人。由于正保远程教育(China Distance Education Holdings Ltd., CDEL)在中国互联网远程教育行业内的绝对优势和强大影响力,正保教育模式一直被广大投资人所追捧。2008年7月30日,公司在美国纽约证券交易所正式挂牌上市(股票交易代码:DL),是2008年唯一一家在美国纽交所上市的专业从事互联网远程教育的中国企业。


精彩推荐

版权声明
   1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
电话:010-82319999-2371