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2014年5月10日北京学位英语考试真题及答案

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2014年5月10日北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试真题

Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

The first year of school in America, known as kindergarten, usually begins between the ages of five and six. Among rich countries such a late start is very strange. President Obama believes it is an economic and social problem; his education secretary goes as far as to say that it is "morally wrong". This statement has some support, as it is clear from research into vocabulary that youngsters from poor families enter kindergarten well behind those from rich families—a disadvantage that usually lasts a lifetime. Children from households on welfare knew 525 words by the age of three, while the children of professionals had mastered 1,116.

(76) Pre-school can help close this gap. So in a speech last month, Mr. Obama called for a partnership between the federal government and the states to expand it to every American child. It later became known that "every" meant those who come from families with incomes of up to 200% above the poverty line—equal to an income of $47,000 for a family of four.

(77) Some critics say that sending children to school at the age of four does not work. The evidence suggests otherwise. For example, on March 20th new results were announced from a study of 9-to-l 1.year.olds in New Jersey. This report found that disadvantaged children who had attended pre-school had better literacy(读写能力), language, maths and science skills. And two years of pre-kindergarten were better than one.

Some studies also follow the effects of early learning over lifetimes, such as its effect on crime rates and other factors that may eventually burden society. Critics have singled out a government scheme called Head Start, created in 1965, which provides poor households with a range of services including school-based early education.

1.Kindergarten in rich countries other than America usually begins at the age of _______.

A. eight B. seven C. six D. four

2.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A. Poor pre-school kids have a larger vocabulary than rich kids.

B. President Obama believes that early education can solve all economic and social problems.

C. Rich pre-school kids have a richer vocabulary than poor kids.

D. President Obama's education secretary thinks it is morally wrong to let kids start kindergarten early.

3.Which of the following about the New Jersey study is TRUE?

A. There is no evidence to support the New Jersey study.

B. New Jersey has created a new Head Start to help disadvantaged kids.

C. Sending children to school at the age of four is not going to help.

D. Two years of pre-kindergarten were better than one.

4.The phrase "single out" in the last paragraph means _______.

A. choose B. think about C. count D. depend on

5.Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

A. Secondary Education

B. Pre-school Education

C. Poor Kids’ Education

D. Rich Kids' Education

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

Humans may not have landed on Mars(火星)just yet, but that isn't shopping a European company from devising a plan to send four people to the Red Planet within the next few years. (78) This project, called Mars One, aims to send a small group of people to Mars in 2022 and eventually establish a permanent colony on the planet.

"Everything we need to go to Mars exists," said Mars One co-founder Bas Lansdorp in March 2014. "We have the rockets to send people to Mars, the equipment to land on Mars, the robots to prepare the settlement for humans. For a one-way mission, all the technology exists." Yet the four astronauts(宇航员)chosen for the trip will be stuck on Mars—forever. And despite Mars One's thorough planning, there are a number of challenges that may prevent the mission from ever taking place. (79) The biggest road block could be the mission's huge cost ($6 billion). However, Lansdorp is confident that Mars One will be able to fund the project by selling the broadcast rights for the mission and subsequent experiences living on the planet.

Those broadcast rights will also play a part in helping to select the people who will be sent to Mars. Lansdorp said the company will hold a selection process similar to a reality show. Lansdorp is expecting at least 1 million applications from people around the world. In addition to the cost, several other potential problems could inhibit(阻止)the mission to Mars.

“It’s even more challenging to send people there with life support, with food, with air, with all the other things like books, entertainment, means of communication and of providing for their own resources for a long stay on Mars," said Adam Baker. senior lecturer in space engineering at Kingston University in London. “The sheer size of the rockets you'd need to do this would be absolutely colossal.”

6.According to Project Mars One, humans could send four people to Mars within the next _______ years.

A. seven B. eight C. ten D. six

7.According to Bas Lansdorp, which of the following is NOT TRUE?

A. For a one-way trip to Mars, all the technology exists.

B. He could not come up with the fund for Mars One.

C. We humans have the rockets to send people to Mars.

D. We humans have the equipment to land on Mars.

8.According to the passage, all the following statements are TRUE EXCEPT that _______.

A. a competition process will be held to select the four astronauts

B. the cost of Mars One could go as much as $6 billion

C. if it goes as planned, we could expect to watch Mars One on TV

D. the four astronauts could return to Earth after a few years’ stay on Mars

9.The word "colossal” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.

A. very large B. very small C. medium D. average

10.Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

A. Ready for a Round Trip to Mars

B. Ready for a Short Visit to Mars

C. Ready for a One-way Trip to Mars

D. Ready for a Walk on Mars

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

When the United States Congress created Yellowstone National Park in 1872, the goal was to set aside a place where Americans could enjoy the beauty of nature for years to come. Now, 142 years later, there are hundreds of national parks across the country, and technology is changing the way people experience them. Should park visitors be able to use cell phones, or should their use be restricted?

"Connectivity presents a real challenge to all of us." Al Nash says. He is a public affairs officer at Yellowstone National Park. He says cell phone service at Yellowstone is available in parts of the park with stores and campgrounds. This makes it easy for visitors to share photos of their trip on social networking sites and to stay in touch with friends and family members. (80) If a nark visitor is hurt or in danger, cell phones make it easier to get help. Some say the ability to download applications that provide information about plants and animals in the park can enrich a visitor's experience.

Others say cell phones disturb people's enjoyment of our national parks. In their view, cell phone towers are an eyesore, and they'd rather hear the sound of birds than the ring of an incoming call. Can you imagine looking out a peaceful lake or field of grass only to be disturbed by a person shouting into their phone, "Can you hear me now?"

Nash says Yellowstone tries to strike a balance. "Ultimately, our job is to let visitors understand and enjoy nature better while protecting what people find special about Yellowstone, and one of those things that's special is the ability to get away from the hustle and bustle(喧嚣)of one's daily life."

11.Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. Which U.S. National Park Has the Most Visitors?

B. Should National Parks Allow the Use of Cell Phones?

C. What Did Yellowstone Do to Enrich Park Visitors’ Experience?

D. Can Technology Transform the Way People Experience Nature?

12.National parks were established _______.

A. to show respect to former presidents

B. to raise public awareness about climate change

C. to preserve areas of natural beauty

D. to create job opportunities

13.According to the passage, which of the following statements about the cell phone service at Yellowstone is TRUE?

A. It is limited to certain areas in the park.

B. It is available everywhere in the park.

C. It is not available in the park.

D. It is available to visitors at a fee.

14.The word "eyesore" in the third paragraph probably means _______.

A. something unpleasant to look at B. something harmful to health

C. beautiful scene D. serious threat

15.What's the position of Yellowstone on cell phone use?

A. Supportive. B. Neutral. C. Negative. D. Doubtful.

Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A. B. C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

16.All the passengers ____ in the accident were sent to the nearby hospital in no time.

A. to find injured B. finding injured

C. to be found injured D. found injured

17.The big fire lasted as long as 24 hours ____ it was brought under control.

A. after B. before C. since D. while

18.In this workshop, the output of July was three times ____ of January.

A. that B. this C. one D. it

19.Seeing her father come back, ____.

A. tears ran down her cheeks B. her tears ran out

C. she burst into tears D. tears burst into her

20.____ singer and ____ dancer is also good at drawing.

A. The; a B. The; the C. A; a D. The; /

21.It's such a difficult problem ________no one can work it out.

A. as B. that C. so D. thus

22.I'd rather you ________there next week.

A. went B. go C. should have gone D. had gone

23.By the end of this term, we___________ 3,000 English words in all.

A will learn B. will have learned C. have learned D. had learned

24.___________ is known to all, the earth moves around the sun once a year.

A. That B. As C. What D. It

25.__________I admit that she has shortcomings. I still like her.

A. When B. As C. While D. Once

26.To our great__________ , Tom's illness proved not to be as serious as we had feared.

A. anxiety B. relief C. view D. judgment

27.The meeting is to begin at 4:00 p.m., but as assistants, we're__________ to be there a bit earlier.

A. invited B. supposed C. encouraged D. hoped

28.Can you ___________the differences between the two pictures?

A. tell B. talk C. speak D. say

29.Do you know the____________ of the saying I just quoted?

A. resource B. source C. course D. cause

30.The Internet has brought____________ big changes in the way we work.

A. about B. out C. up D. back

31.Dr. Hampton: Good morning. Professor Smith.

Professor Smith: ____, Dr. Hampton.

Dr. Hampton: May I come in?

Professor Smith: Of course, please.

A. Good morning B. Fine, thanks

C. Pleased to meet you D. How do you do

32.The travelers are going to Taiwan, ____ they plan to stay for two or three days

A. that B. which C. when D. where

33.When George was a little boy in primary school, he often ____ to school on foot.

A. goes B. went C. go D. will go

34.On no account ____ to deprive(剥夺)a student of his right to receive education.

A. anyone is allowed B. is anyone allowed

C. anyone allows D. allows anyone

35.Alice speaks English well, ____?

A. she does B. does she

C. she doesn't D. doesn't she

36.Student: Professor Wang, must I hand in the paper this week?

Professor Wang: No, ____. You can hand it in next week.

A. you mustn't B. you can't

C. you needn't D. you shouldn't

37.If I ____ you, I would go now and wait for them at the station.

A. am B. was C. were D. have been

38.Ted, ____ yourself and don't get your coat dirty again, or you will get into trouble!

A. behave B. make C. perform D. take

39.In the dead man's bedroom the police found several important ____ which pointed to Blake as the murderer.

A. careers B. clues C. challenges D. dreams

40.The old man sitting on the park bench seemed ____ to me, yet I couldn't possibly remember where we had met before.

A. proud B. gradual C. familiar D. mental

41.They go to work every day _______ Saturday and Sunday. Those days are holidays.

A. besides B. on C. from D. except

42.She has _______ chance to win the election as her opponent is too strong.

A. little B. a little C. few D. a few

43.Today Bob was late again for class because he overslept(睡过头), but he _______an excuse of being ill.

A. looked up B. made up C. put up D. took up

44.You have to _______ early in the morning to avoid the rush hour.

A. set aside B. set out C. set up D. set in

45._______ I fixed the plug properly, I still got an electric shock.

A. Because B. However C. Although D. When

Part III Identification (10%)

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A. B. C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  46Now that we have lost all the money, it’s no use to turn on me and saying it’s all my fault.

         A          B                                                C                               D

  47The engineers made two big plans for the dam, one of what was never put in use.

                                 A                        B                            C                           D

  48No matter whenever I have to give a speech, I get extremely nervous before I start.

                              A                           B                         C                     D

  49Only when he apologizes for his rudeness I will speak to him again.

                     A              B                  C               D

  50To eat at the restaurant before, Tina didn't want to go there again.

            A                              B         C                            D

  51I believe Bob's homework is much good than it was last week.

                 A            B                          C          D

  52The harder he worked, the most troubles he had in his early days of research.

                 A                   B          C                    D

  53I don't know that who is responsible for the car accident.

                    A          B       C           D

  54Can you tell me when does the last train leave for Shanghai?

                  A         B          C          D

  55Peter, the tallest boy in our class, are going back to his hometown next week.

                                        A              B        C                        D

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

In an old town lived a merchant. He earned huge profits by fair means and foul(恶劣的). With more profits flowing in, he became more and more ___56___. He complained when his wife wanted money to ___57___ the home. He criticized her when she prepared ___58___ dishes or bought expensive clothes.

"Money doesn't grow on trees." he ___59___ his children when they asked for money to buy books and new dresses. When his sisters, brothers and cousins came to ask for ___60___ , he drove them away.

___61___ he grew richer, he became more miserly(吝啬的). He___62__the cook, the maid and the gardener. "No, who will pay them? All of us must share the work and thus avoid ___63___ of money." he told his wife and children.

"What will you do with all this money?" they asked.

But he drove them away. ___64___ . "1 will do ___63___ I like with my money. I earn it. I will save it. I will become the richest man in the town. Wait and see."

It___66___him many years to become the richest man in town. But none had a good word to say about him. The people laughed at him, "Money Bag." They named him "King Miser."

The merchant became worried day by day ___67___ his bad name. How could he get a good name? He finally went to an elder and ___68___ advice.

"Shall I open a charitable(慈善的)hospital? _ ___69___ _ a school for the children of the poor? Open a chain of poor homes?" he asked.

"Not a bad idea. In fact, I would normally have recommended such kind of charity. But it will cost a lot of money." the elder ___70___ out.

"1 am ready to spend some money to win name and ___71___ ,” the merchant replied.

"How can you even think of helping strangers? Should you not attend to the ___72___ of your near and dear ones first? Can't you see your wife and children going around ___73___ poor clothes? How hungry they look? Do they have even enough food every day? Listen. Do your ___74___ to your family, first. Help your brothers and sisters and other members of the family who are poor. Opening hospitals for the poor or schools for the children of the poor must come ___75___ . Charity begins at home." saying this, the wise man sent the merchant away.

56.A. honest B. greedy C. upset D. generous

57.A. run B. move C sell D. visit

58.A. friendly B. slender C. costly D. effective

59.A. scolded B. praised C. shouted D. worried

60.A. scheme B. belief C. advice D. help

61.A. No matter how B. As C. As long as D. Where

62.A. invited B. employed C. promoted D. dismissed

63.A. exchange B. income C. waste D. increase

64.A. screaming B. explaining C. approving D. weeping

65.A. why B. where C. what D. which

66.A. drew B. spent C. paid D. took

67.A. above B. about C. beside D. within

68.A. taught B. consumed C. sought D. searched

69.A. Instruct B. Establish C. Proceed D. Perform

70.A. pointed B. cleaned C. picked D. stepped

71.A. price B. salary C. cost D. fame

72.A. sights B. trusts C. needs D. pays

73.A. at B. in C. for D. on

74.A. origin B. shame C. belief D. duty

75.A. later B. first C. now D. before

Part V Translation (20%)

Section A

Directions: In this part there are Jive sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

76.Pre-school can help close this gap.

77.Some critics say that sending children to school at the age of four does not work.

78.This project, called Mars One, aims to send a small group of people to Mars in 2022.

79.The biggest road block could be the mission's huge cost.

80.If a park visitor is hurt or in danger, cell phones make it easier to get help.

Section B

Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.你应该多运动。

82.去年春天,我们又见面了。

83.我们必须保护自然资源不被浪费。

84.杰克正在写的报告星期五必须完成。

85.那个电影我已经看了很多次。

2014年5月北京学位英语考试参考答案(特别声明:因为本次考试开始实行一题多卷形式,顺序不一样,因篇幅问题,不能提供所有顺序的答案,只能提供一种顺序的答案供大家参考。) 

阅读理解部分:

1-5. ACDBB

6-10. DCBCD

11-15. BCCAA

语法和词汇部分:

16-20. ADBDC

21-25. DDBAB

26-30. DACDA

31-35. DCDAB

36-40. ABCCD

41-45. ACABC

挑错部分:

46-50. AACCD

51-55. ADDDB

完形填空部分:

56-60. ADBCC

61-65. DABDD

66-70. ACBCD

71-75. ABDBC

翻译:

76. 但是美国人看起来没有明白我们每天晚上需要7到9小时的睡眠。

77. Brady解释说脂肪细胞对缺乏睡眠有很大的反应。

78. 北极熊有厚的毛皮,大的脚掌,和其它一些特征使得它们能够为这种艰苦环境的生活做好准备。

79. 尽管这些北极熊是游泳能手,在水中它们比不上如闪电般迅速的海豹。

80. 它也是一个安全的方式,来让孩子们自己经历谎言失控时的情景。

81. I spent about two hours in reading and replying emails yesterday.

82. Do you know the man who gave a lecture yesterday?

83. She has already invited us to her birthday party.

84. I will call you the moment I get there.

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