您的位置:外语教育网 > 职称英语 > 试题中心 > 模拟试题 > 正文

2015年职称英语理工类概括大意模拟习题及答案(6)

2015-03-09 16:04   来源:外语教育网整理       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

1 We all have first impression of someone we just met. But why?Why do we form an opinion about someone without really knowing anything about him or her — aside perhaps from a few remarks or readily observable traits.

2 The answer is related to how your brain,allows you to be aware of the world. Your brain is so sensitive in picking up facial traits,even very minor difference in how a person's eyes,ears,nose,or mouth are placed in relation to each other makes you see him or her as different1. In fact,your brain continuously processes incoming sensory information — the sights and sounds of your world. These incoming "signals" are compared against2 a host of "memories" stored in the brain areas called the cortex system to determine what these new signals "mean."

3 If you see someone you know and like at school3,your brain says "familiar and safe. If you see someone new,it says,"new — potentially threatening." Then your brain starts to match features of this stranger with other "known" memories;The height,weight,dress,ethnicity,gestures,and tone of voice are all matched up. The more unfamiliar the characteristics,the more your brain may say,"This is new. I don't like this person." Or else,"I’m intrigued. "Or your brain may perceive a new face but familiar clothes,ethnicity,gestures — like your other friends;so your brain says:"I like this person." But these preliminary "impressions" can be dead wrong4.

4 When we stereotype people,we use a less mature form of thinking(not unlike the immature thinking of a very young child)that makes simplistic and categorical impressions of others. Rather than leam about the depth and breadth of people — their history,interest,values,strengths,and true character — we categorize them as jocks,geeks,or freaks.

5 However,if we resist initial stereotypical impressions,we have a chance to be aware of what a person is truly like. If we spend time with a person,hear about his or her life,hopes,dreams,and become aware of the person's character,we use a different,more mature style of thinking — and the most complex areas of our cortex,which allow us to be humane.

练习:

1.Paragraph 2 ________

2.Paragraph 3 ________

3.Paragraph 4 ________

4.Paragraph 5 ________

A Ways of Departure from Immature and Simplistic Impressions

B Comment on First Impression

C Illustration of First Impression

D Comparing Incoming Sensory Information against Memories

E Threatening Aspect of First Impressions

F Differences among Jocks,Greeks and Freaks

5.Sensory information is one that is perceived through ________.

6.You interpret by comparing it against the memories already stored in your brain ________.

7.The way we stereotype people is a less mature form of thinking,which is similar to ________.

8.We can use our more mature style of thinking thanks to ________.

A a stranger's less mature type of thinking

B the most complex areas of our cortex

C the immature form of thinking of a very young child

D the meaning of incoming sensory information

E the sights and sounds of the world

F an opportunity to analyze different forms of thinking

答案与题解:

1.D 本段叙述的是人脑解读感官信息的过程。

2.C 本段举例说明第一印象解读的过程,将第二段叙述的内容具体化。

3.B 本段对第一印象进行了评论,说第一印象不成熟,simplistic and categorical.

4.A 本段说如果我们与某个人多接触,了解他的生活、希望、梦想和性格特征,我们对该人的认识就不会停留在第一印象的阶段,而是进入一个更深的层次。

5.E 选E的依据在第二段的第三句。

6.D 选D的依据在第二段的最后两句。sensory information的意思就是information perceived through sensory organs(视觉、听觉、味觉、触觉、嗅觉等)。

7.C 选C的依据在第四段的第一句,该句是:When we stereotype people,we use a less mature form of thinking(not unlike the immature thinking of a very young child)that makes simplistic and categorical impressions of others.

8.B 选B的依据在第五段第二句。

我要纠错】 责任编辑:慧
相关资讯:
网站导航:
 四六级 指南 动态 经验 试题 资料  托福 指南 动态 考情 经验 复习
 雅思 指南 动态 机经 备考 留学  公共英语 指南 动态 备考 试题 辅导
 日语 指南 资讯 辅导 留学 考试  法语 发音 词汇 语法 听说 阅读
 韩语 入门 口语 阅读 留学 文化  西语 口语 词汇 阅读 留学 风采

网校介绍

更多>>
a>

外语教育网(www.for68.com)是北京东大正保科技有限公司(CDEL)旗下一家大型外语远程教育网站,正保科技成立于2005年7月,是国内超大型外语远程教育基地,上榜“北京优质教育资源榜”--“百万读者推崇的网络教育机构”。


公司凭借雄厚的师资力量、先进的网络视频多媒体课件技术、严谨细致的教学作风、灵活多样的教学方式,为学员提供完整、优化的外语课程,既打破了传统面授的诸多限制,发挥了网络教育的优势,也兼顾面授的答疑与互动特点,为我国培养了大量优秀的外语人才。


为了满足学员学习不同语种、不同阶段的学习需求,网站开设了包括考试英语、行业英语、实用口语以及小语种在内的百余门语言学习课程,涵盖英语、日语、韩语、俄语、德语、法语、西班牙语、意大利语、阿拉伯语等主要语种,供学员自由选择。此外,网站还拥有各类外语专业信息和考试信息20余万条,是广大学员了解外语类考试最新政策、动态及参加各语种培训的优质网站。


北京东大正保科技有限公司成立于2000年,是一家具备网络教育资质、经教育部批准开展远程教育的专业公司,为北京市高新技术企业、中国十大教育集团、联合国教科文组织技术与职业教育培训在中国的唯一试点项目。


公司下属13家行业远程教育网站,业务涵盖了会计、法律、医学、建设、自考、成考、考研、中小学、外语、信息技术、汉语言教学等诸多领域,拥有办公面积8000多平米,员工近千人,公司年招生规模达270万人。由于正保远程教育(China Distance Education Holdings Ltd., CDEL)在中国互联网远程教育行业内的绝对优势和强大影响力,正保教育模式一直被广大投资人所追捧。2008年7月30日,公司在美国纽约证券交易所正式挂牌上市(股票交易代码:DL),是2008年唯一一家在美国纽交所上市的专业从事互联网远程教育的中国企业。


精彩推荐

版权声明
   1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
电话:010-82319999-2371