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2015年职称英语理工类概括大意模拟习题及答案(9)

2015-03-09 16:19   来源:外语教育网整理       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

1 Agricultural research funding is vital if the world is to feed itself better than it does now. Dr. Tony Fischer,crop scientist,said demand was growing at 2.5% per year,but with modern technologies and the development of new ones,the world should be able to stay ahead1.

2 "The global decline in investment in international agricultural research must be reversed if significant progress is to be made towards reducing malnutrition and poverty," he said.

3 Research is needed to solve food production,land degradation2 and environmental problems. Secure local food supplies3 led to economic growth which,in turn,slowed population growth. Dr. Fischer painted a picture of the world‘s ability to feed itself in the first 25 years,when the world’s population is expected to rise from 5.8 to 8 billion people. He said that things will probably hold or improve4 but there‘ll still be a lot of hungry people. The biggest concentration of poor and hungry people would be in sub-Saharan Afiica and southern Asia in 2020,similar to the current pattern. If there is any change,a slight improvement will be seen in southern Asia,but not in sub-Saharan Afiica. The major inqjrovement will be in East Asia,South America and South-East Asia.

4 The developing world was investing about 0.5%,or $8 billion a year,of its agricultural gross domestic product(GDP)on5 research,and the developed world was spending 2.5% of its GDP. Dr. Fischer said more was needed from all countries.

5 He said crop research could produce technologies that spread across many countries,such as wheat production research having spin-offs for Mexico,China or India6.

6 "Technologies still need to be refined for the local conditions but a lot of the strategic research can have global application,so that money can be used very efficiently," Dr. Fischer said.

7 Yields of rice,wheat and maize have grown impressively in the past 30 years,especially in developing countries. For example,maize production rose from 2-8 tonnes per hectare between 1950 and 1995. But technologies driving this growth,such as high-yield varieties,fertilisers,and irrigation,were becoming exhausted. "If you want to save the land for non-agricultural activities,for forests and wildlife,you‘re going to have to increase yield," Dr. Fischer said.

练习:

1.Paragraph 1 _____

2.Paragraph 3 _____

3.Paragraph 4 _____

4.Paragraph 7 _____

A The Same or Improved Food Supply Situation in 2020

B Research Focus on Increased Yield

C More Research Funding Needed

D Local Situations Analyzed

E Increase in Investment on Agricultural Research

F Sustained Development of Modem Technologies

5.Dr. Fischer claims that agriculture will continue to develop _____.

6.Land can be saved for other purposes _____.

7.The investment can be regarded as efficient _____.

8.The global decrease in investment should be changed _____.

A if we can drive yield up

B when Mexico,China and India join in the project

C if we want to fight against malnutrition and poverty

D when we use modern technologies and develop new ones

E when the developed world helps the developing world

F when strategic research can be utilized worldwide

答案与题解:

1.E 本段谈及粮食需求以每年2.5%的速度递增,所以农业研究资金的投入至关重要。

2.A 本段引用了费舍的观点,如果能进行农业研究,在本世纪第一个25年中,即使世界人口从58亿增加到80亿,粮食供应的格局和现在大致相同或有所改善。

3.C 本段指出,农业研究的资金投入还要增加。

4.B 本段的中心思想是提高农作物的单位面积产量。过去30年的实践证明提高单位面积产量是可能的。

5.D 本题答案的依据是第一段第二句的后半句:…… with modern technologies and the development of new ones,the world should be able to stay ahead.

6.A 答案可在最后一段找到。原句是:If you want to save the land for non-agricultural activities,for forests and wildlife,you‘re going to have to increase yield ……

7.F 第六段有这么一句话:…… a lot of the strategic research can have global application,so that money can be used very efficiently,提示我们,选项F是答案。

8.C 答案可在第二段找到。原句是:The global decline in investment in international agricultural research must be reversed if significant progress is to be made towards reducing malnutrition and poverty ……

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