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2015年职称英语理工类A级考试冲刺题二(7)

2015-03-17 10:49   来源:外语教育网整理       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

职称英语阅读理解:请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

The Development of Personality

Personality is to large extent inherent.A-type parents usually bring A-type offspring.But the environment must also have a profound effect,since if competition is important to the parents,it is likely to become a major factor in the lives of their children.

One place where children soak up ( 浸泡 ) A characteristics is school,which is,by its very nature,a highly competitive institution.Too many schools adopt the "win at all costs" moral standard and measure their success by sporting achievements.The current passion for making children compete against their classmates or against the clock produces a two-layer system,in which competitive A-types seem in some way better than their B-type fellows.Being too keen to win can have dangerous consequences: Remember that Philippines,the first marathon runner,dropped dead seconds after saying,"Rejoice,We conquer!"

By far the worst form of competition in schools is the disproportionate emphasis on examinations.It is a rare school that allows pupils to concentrate on those things they do well.The merits of competition by examination are somewhat questionable,but competition in the certain knowledge of failure is positively harmful.

Obviously,it is neither practical nor desirable that all A youngsters change into B's.The world needs types,and schools have an important duty to try to fit a child's personality to hide possible future employment.It is top management.

If the preoccupation of schools with academic work was lessened,more time might be spent teaching children surer values.Perhaps selection for the caring professions,especially medicine,could be made less by good grades in chemistry and more by such considerations as sensitivity and sympathy.It is surely a mistake to choose our doctors exclusively form A-type stock.B's are important and should be encouraged.

41.In line 2,Para.2 the word "institution" refers to__________

A.establishment

B.social custom

C.law

D.school

参考答案:D

参考解析:

【解析】在第二段第一句中,which引导的非限制性定语从句修饰school,因此说school is a highly competitive institution.选项D正确。

42.According to the passage,A-type individuals are in most cases__________

A.impatient

B.considerate

C.aggressive

D.agreeable

参考答案:C

参考解析:

【解析】根据第二段第三句:在竞争方面,A性格的人优于B性格的人……。A错在于文中没有提到有关耐心的问题;B、D选项的内容与原文内容正相反。

43.The author strongly objects to the practice of examination at schools because__________

A.the pressure is too great on the students

B.some students are bound to fail

C.failure rates are too high

D.the results of examinations are doubtful

参考答案:B

参考解析:

【解析】根据文章第三段第三句=¨.competition in the certain knowledge of failure is positively harmful(在失败方面的竞争是有百害而无一利的)。A、D都是无关选项;C过于片面。

44.The selection of medical professionals is currently based on__________

A.candidates' sensitivity

B.academic achievements

C.competitive spirit

D.surer values

参考答案:B

参考解析:

【解析】根据第五段第二句:句首用perhaps…could be made,说明by such considerations as sensitivity and sympathy还只是一种期望,现在还用by good grades。by good grades与academic achievement同义。

45.From the passage,we can draw the conclusion that__________

A.the personality of a child is well established at birth

B.family influence dominates the shaping of one's characteristics

C.the development of one's personality is due to multiple factors

D.B-type characteristics can find no place in a competitive society

参考答案:C

参考解析:

【解析】文章告诉读者:个性的发展不单由遗传决定。根据第一段第二句可知A、B错误;文章的目的在于强调B性格的人也应受到鼓励和重视,D错误。

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